61 research outputs found

    The sweet spot in sustainability: a framework for corporate assessment in sugar manufacturing

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    The assessment of corporate sustainability has become an increasingly important topic, both within academia and in industry. For manufacturing companies to conform to their commitments to sustainable development, a standard and reliable measurement framework is required. There is, however, a lack of sector-specific and empirical research in many areas, including the sugar industry. This paper presents an empirically developed framework for the assessment of corporate sustainability within the Thai sugar industry. Multiple case studies were conducted, and a survey using questionnaires was also employed to enhance the power of generalisation. The developed framework is an accurate and reliable measurement instrument of corporate sustainability, and guidelines to assess qualitative criteria are put forward. The proposed framework can be used for a company’s self-assessment and for guiding practitioners in performance improvement and policy decision-maki

    Stakeholder Theory and Marketing: Moving from a Firm-Centric to a Societal Perspective

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    This essay is inspired by the ideas and research examined in the special section on “Stakeholder Marketing” of the Journal of Public Policy & Marketing in 2010. The authors argue that stakeholder marketing is slowly coalescing with the broader thinking that has occurred in the stakeholder management and ethics literature streams during the past quarter century. However, the predominant view of stakeholders that many marketers advocate is still primarily pragmatic and company centric. The position advanced herein is that stronger forms of stakeholder marketing that reflect more normative, macro/societal, and network-focused orientations are necessary. The authors briefly explain and justify these characteristics in the context of the growing “prosociety” and “proenvironment” perspectives—orientations that are also in keeping with the public policy focus of this journal. Under the “hard form” of stakeholder theory, which the authors endorse, marketing managers must realize that serving stakeholders sometimes requires sacrificing maximum profits to mitigate outcomes that would inflict major damage on other stakeholders, especially society

    Seeing versus Doing: How Businesses Manage Tensions in Pursuit of Sustainability

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    Management of organizational tensions can facilitate the simultaneous advancement of economic, social, and environmental priorities. The approach is based on managers identifying and managing tensions between the three priorities, by employing one of the three strategic responses. Although recent work has provided a theoretical basis for such tension acknowledgment and management, there is a dearth of empirical studies. We interviewed 32 corporate sustainability managers across 25 forestry and wood-products organizations in Australia. Study participants were divided into two groups: (1) those considered effective at corporate sustainability and (2) a status-quo group. Contrary to current theory, our findings showed that acknowledgment of organizational tensions was widespread in the Australian forestry and wood-products industry and not limited to those managers who are effective at managing corporate sustainability. What differed was the degree to which managers did something about the perceived tensions—with the effective group more consistently acting to manage and resolve paradoxical scenarios. Our findings suggest that existing theoretical constructs of tension management may not adequately capture the individual-level complexity involved with managing tensions in practice

    Sharing vocabularies: towards horizontal alignment of values-driven business functions

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    This paper highlights the emergence of different ‘vocabularies’ that describe various values-driven business functions within large organisations and argues for improved horizontal alignment between them. We investigate two established functions that have long-standing organisational histories: Ethics and Compliance (E&C) and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). By drawing upon research on organisational alignment, we explain both the need for and the potential benefit of greater alignment between these values-driven functions. We then examine the structural and socio-cultural dimensions of organisational systems through which E&C and CSR horizontal alignment can be coordinated to improve synergies, address tensions, and generate insight to inform future research and practice in the field of Business and Society. The paper concludes with research questions that can inform future scholarly research and a practical model to guide organizations’ efforts towards inter-functional, horizontal alignment of values-driven organizational practice

    The effect of sudden wind shear on the Earth's magnetosphere: Statistics of wind shear events and CCMC simulations of magnetotail disconnections

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    Peer Reviewedhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/94750/1/jgra21938.pd

    Micro-Foundations of Organizational Design and Sustainability: The Mediating Role of Learning Ambidexterity

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    This paper builds on prior scholarly works by examining the relationship between organizing paradox (formalization and decentralization), and organizational levels of learning paradoxes, i.e. exploration and exploitation, and firms’ outcomes (organizational creativity, organizational resilience and organizational energy). Using data from 98 executives and 325 senior employees working across a diverse range of firms operating in the Middle East, the findings suggest that organizing paradox (formalization and decentralization) has a positive impact on learning ambidexterity. In addition, we also found that learning ambidexterity has a positive impact on both organizational resilience and organizational energy. Furthermore, the results indicate that learning ambidexterity mediates the relationship between organizing paradox and organizational creativity. These findings provide important insights into the micro-foundation aspects of organizational ambidexterity

    Monocyte-dependent fibroblast CXCL8 secretion occurs in tuberculosis and limits survival of mycobacteria within macrophages

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    CXCL8 is a chemokine that is implicated in the formation of tuberculous (TB) granulomas and in immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Fibroblast chemokine secretion is important for modulating inflammatory responses in chronic lung disease and inflammatory arthritis but has not been investigated in the pathophysiology of TB. In this study, we used a cellular model to examine monocyte/macrophage-dependent stimulation of fibroblasts by Mtb in the regulation of chemokine secretion, particularly that of CXCL8. Human lung fibroblasts grown in collagen were stimulated with conditioned medium from Mtb-infected monocytes (CoMTb). CoMTb-induced prolonged dose-dependent, p38-mediated expression of stable CXCL8 mRNA by fibroblasts accompanied by a >10-fold increase in CXCL8 secretion (487 +/- 88 ng/ml vs 48.6 +/- 34 ng/ml in controls) at 120 h. Fibroblasts strongly expressed CXCL8 in vivo in human TB granulomas. Inhibition of TNF-alpha or IL-1 in CoMTb abrogated the induction of CXCL8 at a pretranscriptional level. CXCL8 secretion was NF-kappaB, C/EBP, and JNK dependent. Sustained NF-kappaB activation was demonstrated beyond 24 h in response to CoMTb. Exogenous CXCL8 reduced the survival of Mtb within macrophages, and inhibition of CXCL8 was associated with intracellular mycobacterial proliferation. These data show that fibroblasts have a previously unrecognized role in modulating inflammation in TB by their CXCL8-dependent contribution to cell recruitment and mycobacterial killing within the granuloma
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