348 research outputs found

    Experimental Evidence for Non-Thermal Contributions to Plasmon-Enhanced Electrochemical Oxidation Reactions

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    Photocatalysis based on plasmonic nanoparticles has emerged as a promising approach to facilitate light-driven reactions under far milder conditions than thermal catalysis. Several effects, such as strong local electromagnetic fields, increased electron and lattice temperatures, or the transfer of non-thermal charge carriers could contribute to the reaction rate enhancement. In order to understand plasmon-enhanced catalysis and to enable plasmonic platforms, a distinction between the different underlying effects is required. We investigate the electrochemical model reactions oxidative hydroxide adsorption and glucose oxidation and deconvolve the enhancement processes via their dependence on excitation wavelength. We observe that non-thermal effects contribute significantly to the plasmonic enhancement

    Resource-aware Research on Universe and Matter: Call-to-Action in Digital Transformation

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    Given the urgency to reduce fossil fuel energy production to make climate tipping points less likely, we call for resource-aware knowledge gain in the research areas on Universe and Matter with emphasis on the digital transformation. A portfolio of measures is described in detail and then summarized according to the timescales required for their implementation. The measures will both contribute to sustainable research and accelerate scientific progress through increased awareness of resource usage. This work is based on a three-days workshop on sustainability in digital transformation held in May 2023.Comment: 20 pages, 2 figures, publication following workshop 'Sustainability in the Digital Transformation of Basic Research on Universe & Matter', 30 May to 2 June 2023, Meinerzhagen, Germany, https://indico.desy.de/event/3748

    A method for inferring signal strength modifiers by conditional invertible neural networks

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    The continuous growth in model complexity in high-energy physics (HEP) collider experiments demands increasingly time-consuming model fits. We show first results on the application of conditional invertible networks (cINNs) to this challenge. Specifically, we construct and train a cINN to learn the mapping from signal strength modifiers to observables andits inverse. The resulting network infers the posterior distribution of the signal strength modifiers rapidly and for low computational cost. We present performance indicators of such a setup including the treatment of systematic uncertainties. Additionally, we highlight the features of cINNs estimating the signal strength for a vector boson associated Higgs production analysis of simulated samples of events, which include a simulation of the CMS detector

    Knowledge sharing on deep learning in physics research using VISPA

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    The VISPA (VISual Physics Analysis) project provides a streamlined work environment for physics analyses and hands-on teaching experiences with a focus on deep learning. VISPA has already been successfully used in HEP analyses and teaching and is now being further developed into an interactive deep learning platform. One specific example is to meet knowledge sharing needs in deep learning by combining paper, code and data at a central place. Additionally the possibility to run it directly from the web browser is a key feature of this development. Any SSH reachable resource can be accessed via the VISPA web interface. This enables a flexible and experiment agnostic computing experience. The user interface is based on JupyterLab and is extended with analysis specific tools, such as a parametric file browser and TensorBoard. Our VISPA instance is backed by extensive GPU resources and a rich software environment. We present the current status of the VISPA project and its upcoming new features

    Knowledge sharing on deep learning in physics research using VISPA

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    The VISPA (VISual Physics Analysis) project provides a streamlined work environment for physics analyses and hands-on teaching experiences with a focus on deep learning. VISPA has already been successfully used in HEP analyses and teaching and is now being further developed into an interactive deep learning platform. One specific example is to meet knowledge sharing needs in deep learning by combining paper, code and data at a central place. Additionally the possibility to run it directly from the web browser is a key feature of this development. Any SSH reachable resource can be accessed via the VISPA web interface. This enables a flexible and experiment agnostic computing experience. The user interface is based on JupyterLab and is extended with analysis specific tools, such as a parametric file browser and TensorBoard. Our VISPA instance is backed by extensive GPU resources and a rich software environment. We present the current status of the VISPA project and its upcoming new features

    Resource-aware Research on Universe and Matter: Call-to-Action in Digital Transformation

    No full text
    Given the urgency to reduce fossil fuel energy production to make climate tipping points less likely, we call for resource-aware knowledge gain in the research areas on Universe and Matter with emphasis on the digital transformation. A portfolio of measures is described in detail and then summarized according to the timescales required for their implementation. The measures will both contribute to sustainable research and accelerate scientific progress through increased awareness of resource usage. This work is based on a three-days workshop on sustainability in digital transformation held in May 2023

    Measurement of the double-differential inclusive jet cross section in proton-proton collisions at s\sqrt{s} = 5.02 TeV

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    International audienceThe inclusive jet cross section is measured as a function of jet transverse momentum pTp_\mathrm{T} and rapidity yy. The measurement is performed using proton-proton collision data at s\sqrt{s} = 5.02 TeV, recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 27.4 pb‚ąí1^{-1}. The jets are reconstructed with the anti-kTk_\mathrm{T} algorithm using a distance parameter of RR = 0.4, within the rapidity interval ‚ą£y‚ą£\lvert y\rvert<\lt 2, and across the kinematic range 0.06 <\ltpTp_\mathrm{T}<\lt 1 TeV. The jet cross section is unfolded from detector to particle level using the determined jet response and resolution. The results are compared to predictions of perturbative quantum chromodynamics, calculated at both next-to-leading order and next-to-next-to-leading order. The predictions are corrected for nonperturbative effects, and presented for a variety of parton distribution functions and choices of the renormalization/factorization scales and the strong coupling őĪS\alpha_\mathrm{S}

    Measurement of inclusive and differential cross sections for single top quark production in association with a W boson in proton-proton collisions at s \sqrt{s} = 13 TeV