13 research outputs found

    Judicializa√ß√£o das rela√ß√Ķes internacionais: a for√ßa do princ√≠pio constitucional da preval√™ncia dos direitos humanos

    Get PDF
    Divulga√ß√£o dos SUM√ĀRIOS das obras recentemente incorporadas ao acervo da Biblioteca Ministro Oscar Saraiva do STJ. Em respeito √† lei de Direitos Autorais, n√£o disponibilizamos a obra na √≠ntegra.Localiza√ß√£o na estante: 342.7:327(81) P194

    Perspectivas para o marco legal do terceiro setor

    Get PDF
    A exist√™ncia de um ambiente regulat√≥rio moderno, claro e est√°vel √© fator fundamental para promover a expans√£o e a qualifica√ß√£o do investimento social privado no Brasil. Com base nessa premissa, o GIFE -- Grupo de Institutos, Funda√ß√Ķes e Empresas desenvolve, desde 2003, a√ß√Ķes com o objetivo de contribuir para o aperfei√ßoamento da legisla√ß√£o brasileira do terceiro setor, construindo um ambiente mais favor√°vel ao investimento social e √† atua√ß√£o das organiza√ß√Ķes da sociedade civil. Essa publica√ß√£o tem como objetivo orientar a atua√ß√£o de advocacy do GIFE

    Symbolic Approximation of Weighted Timed Games

    Get PDF
    Weighted timed games are zero-sum games played by two players on a timed automaton equipped with weights, where one player wants to minimise the accumulated weight while reaching a target. Weighted timed games are notoriously difficult and quickly undecidable, even when restricted to non-negative weights. For non-negative weights, the largest class that can be analysed has been introduced by Bouyer, Jaziri and Markey in 2015. Though the value problem is undecidable, the authors show how to approximate the value by considering regions with a refined granularity. In this work, we extend this class to incorporate negative weights, allowing one to model energy for instance, and prove that the value can still be approximated, with the same complexity. In addition, we show that a symbolic algorithm, relying on the paradigm of value iteration, can be used as an approximation schema on this class

    Os requisitos de ingresso nos programas de proteção a vítima e testemunhas: uma análise à luz da legislação e das experiências internacionais

    No full text
    Tem por objetivo contribuir para a análise dos requisitos estabelecidos pela Lei para o ingresso nos "programas de proteção a vítimas e a testemunhas ameaçadas"

    The judicialization of international relations in Brazil in light of the constitutional principle of primacy of human rights

    No full text
    A Constitui√ß√£o Federal de 1988 inovou ao trazer um artigo (4o) especificamente dedicado a estabelecer os princ√≠pios das rela√ß√Ķes internacionais do Brasil. Esta tese situa essa inova√ß√£o no contexto da evolu√ß√£o constitucional brasileira, examina se os atos praticados pelo Poder Executivo no exerc√≠cio da compet√™ncia para conduzir as rela√ß√Ķes internacionais podem ser submetidos ao controle jurisdicional e, finalmente, avalia como um dos princ√≠pios do art. 4o o da preval√™ncia dos direitos humanos poderia ser utilizado como par√Ęmetro para aferi√ß√£o de constitucionalidade, buscando identificar que exig√™ncias ele imp√Ķe ao Estado brasileiro em sua atua√ß√£o externa. Com base na investiga√ß√£o da jurisprud√™ncia local e estrangeira, demonstra-se que a judicializa√ß√£o de quest√Ķes internacionais √© um processo j√° em curso, mas que, na aus√™ncia de uma defini√ß√£o mais clara do papel que cabe ao Judici√°rio no campo das rela√ß√Ķes internacionais, esse Poder tem reagido de forma incerta e pouco consistente √†s demandas que lhe s√£o apresentadas. Nesse contexto, s√£o identificados os principais obst√°culos jur√≠dicos geralmente oferecidos ao controle jurisdicional dos atos de rela√ß√Ķes internacionais no Brasil para, em seguida, expor suas fragilidades, sustentando-se a possibilidade desse tipo de controle. Em situa√ß√Ķes em que o princ√≠pio da preval√™ncia dos direitos humanos seja relevante, trata-se de verificar se o Executivo agiu internacionalmente com observ√Ęncia dos direitos humanos de quaisquer indiv√≠duos que possam ser afetados pelo ato em quest√£o, sejam ou n√£o brasileiros, estejam ou n√£o em territ√≥rio nacional. Condutas (a√ß√Ķes ou omiss√Ķes) eventualmente restritivas dos direitos humanos, desacompanhadas de fundamenta√ß√£o constitucional, podem corresponder a uma viola√ß√£o do princ√≠pio e ser, portanto, objeto da censura judicial. A tese se encerra com um estudo de casos, onde essas ideias s√£o aplicadas a duas situa√ß√Ķes concretas.The 1988 Federal Constitution broke new ground by establishing in a specific provision (Article 4) the directive principles for Brazils international relations. The present thesis firts considers this provision in light of the Brazilian constitutional history, it further questions whether acts from the Executive branch in exercise of its constitutional mandate to conduct foreign policy are subject to judicial review and, finally, it discusses how a specific principle established by Article 4 the one determining primacy of human rights in international relations operates as a constitutional standard, seeking to clarify what are the obligations that this provision imposes on the Brazilian State while conducting its foreign policy. Based on an analysis of case law from Brazil and other jurisdictions, this thesis argues that the judicialization of international relations is already underway, although the Judiciary has not been able to develop assertive and consistent judicial standards to resolve cases dealing with issues of foreign policy, considering the lack of a clear definition of the role to be played by the Judiciary in this realm. In this sense, the thesis takes into account the main legal barriers generally faced in cases of judicial review of foreign policy issues in Brazil, revealing some of its shortcomings, and argues in favor of such judicial scrutiny. In cases where the principle of primacy of human rights applies, the act of the Executive branch should protect the human rights of all individuals involved by this act, regardless their nationality (Brazilian or not) or location (national territory or abroad). Restrictive measures (actions or omissions) that limit human rights, without a constitutional basis, can amount to a violation of the abovementioned principle, and, therefore, might be struck down by the Judiciary. This thesis concludes with a case study, where those ideas are applied to two particular situations

    Country Report 2018: Brazil

    No full text
    Associations and foundations are registered in one of several Registries of Legal Persons, which are overseen by the Judiciary. Registries are, therefore, politically independent. The control that they provide is predominantly bureaucratic, and the interpretation of the applicable legislation‚ÄĒmainly the Civil Code‚ÄĒmay vary among Registries. POs‚Äô information from Registries are, however, neither integrated nor publicly available online

    O prazo para a apresenta√ß√£o de propostas nas licita√ß√Ķes com procedimento de pr√©-qualifica√ß√£o

    No full text
    Versa sobre a regularidade de prazo concedido pela administra√ß√£o p√ļblica, em licita√ß√£o antecedida de procedimento de pr√©-qualifica√ß√£o (artigo 114 da Lei n¬ļ 8.666, de 1993), para a apresenta√ß√£o das propostas comerciais pelos licitantes habilitados."Trata-se de estudo versante sobre a regularidade de prazo concedido pela Administra√ß√£o P√ļblica, em licita√ß√£o antecedida de procedimento de pr√©-qualifica√ß√£o (Lei n¬ļ 8.666/93, artigo 114), para a apresenta√ß√£o das propostas comerciais pelos licitantes habilitados.

    Silver nanoparticles from leafy green extract of Belgian endive (Cichorium intybus L. var. sativus): Biosynthesis, characterization, and antibacterial activity

    No full text
    We report for the first time a green, simple, and low-cost synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by mixing AgNO3 solution with the aqueous leaf extract of Belgian endive, a variety of Cichorium intybus L., without any harmful reducing and capping agents. The biosynthesis of AgNPs was observed by the color charge from colorless (metal salt solution) to a yellowish brown (nanoparticle colloidal dispersion), which was confirmed by UV‚Äďvis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). UV‚Äďvis spectra showed the surface plasmon resonance signature of AgNPs around 420¬†nm, TEM revealed that nanoparticles were quasi-spherical with an average diameter ranging from 19 to 64¬†nm depending on the metal salt concentration, and XRD pattern indicated that the biosynthetic process produced face-centered cubic AgNPs. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy analysis showed that the AgNPs were capped with bioactive molecules from the leaf extract, which are also believed to be responsible for the bio-reduction of silver ions. The antibacterial activity of the biosynthesized AgNPs was studied using both the disk diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration methods against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and they were found to be effective at picomolar concentration levels.Fil: Gallucci, Mauro Nicolas. Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero. Instituto de Bionanotecnolog√≠a del Noa. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas y T√©cnicas. Centro Cient√≠fico Tecnol√≥gico Conicet - Tucum√°n. Instituto de Bionanotecnolog√≠a del Noa; ArgentinaFil: Fraire, Juan Carlos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas y T√©cnicas. Centro Cient√≠fico Tecnol√≥gico Conicet - C√≥rdoba. Instituto de Investigaciones en F√≠sico-qu√≠mica de C√≥rdoba. Universidad Nacional de C√≥rdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Qu√≠micas. Instituto de Investigaciones en F√≠sico-qu√≠mica de C√≥rdoba; ArgentinaFil: Ferreyra Maillard, Anike Paula Virginia. Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero. Instituto de Bionanotecnolog√≠a del Noa. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas y T√©cnicas. Centro Cient√≠fico Tecnol√≥gico Conicet - Tucum√°n. Instituto de Bionanotecnolog√≠a del Noa; ArgentinaFil: P√°ez, Paulina Laura. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas y T√©cnicas. Centro Cient√≠fico Tecnol√≥gico Conicet - C√≥rdoba. Unidad de Investigaci√≥n y Desarrollo en Tecnolog√≠a Farmac√©utica. Universidad Nacional de C√≥rdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Qu√≠micas. Unidad de Investigaci√≥n y Desarrollo en Tecnolog√≠a Farmac√©utica; ArgentinaFil: Aiassa Mart√≠nez, Ivana Mar√≠a. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas y T√©cnicas. Centro Cient√≠fico Tecnol√≥gico Conicet - C√≥rdoba. Unidad de Investigaci√≥n y Desarrollo en Tecnolog√≠a Farmac√©utica. Universidad Nacional de C√≥rdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Qu√≠micas. Unidad de Investigaci√≥n y Desarrollo en Tecnolog√≠a Farmac√©utica; ArgentinaFil: Pannunzio Miner, Elisa Victoria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas y T√©cnicas. Centro Cient√≠fico Tecnol√≥gico Conicet - C√≥rdoba. Instituto de Investigaciones en F√≠sico-qu√≠mica de C√≥rdoba. Universidad Nacional de C√≥rdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Qu√≠micas. Instituto de Investigaciones en F√≠sico-qu√≠mica de C√≥rdoba; ArgentinaFil: Coronado, Eduardo A.. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas y T√©cnicas. Centro Cient√≠fico Tecnol√≥gico Conicet - C√≥rdoba. Instituto de Investigaciones en F√≠sico-qu√≠mica de C√≥rdoba. Universidad Nacional de C√≥rdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Qu√≠micas. Instituto de Investigaciones en F√≠sico-qu√≠mica de C√≥rdoba; ArgentinaFil: Dalmasso, Pablo Roberto. Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero. Instituto de Bionanotecnolog√≠a del Noa. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas y T√©cnicas. Centro Cient√≠fico Tecnol√≥gico Conicet - Tucum√°n. Instituto de Bionanotecnolog√≠a del Noa; Argentin
    corecore