109 research outputs found

    Capacity of a Simple Intercellular Signal Transduction Channel

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    We model the ligand-receptor molecular communication channel with a discrete-time Markov model, and show how to obtain the capacity of this channel. We show that the capacity-achieving input distribution is iid; further, unusually for a channel with memory, we show that feedback does not increase the capacity of this channel.Comment: 5 pages, 1 figure. To appear in the 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theor

    Scaling laws for molecular communication

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    In this paper, we investigate information-theoretic scaling laws, independent from communication strategies, for point-to-point molecular communication, where it sends/receives information-encoded molecules between nanomachines. Since the Shannon capacity for this is still an open problem, we first derive an asymptotic order in a single coordinate, i.e., i) scaling time with constant number of molecules mm and ii) scaling molecules with constant time tt. For a single coordinate case, we show that the asymptotic scaling is logarithmic in either coordinate, i.e., Θ(logt)\Theta(\log t) and Θ(logm)\Theta(\log m), respectively. We also study asymptotic behavior of scaling in both time and molecules and show that, if molecules and time are proportional to each other, then the asymptotic scaling is linear, i.e., Θ(t)=Θ(m)\Theta(t)=\Theta(m).Comment: Accepted for publication in the 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theor

    Root Mean Square Error of Neural Spike Train Sequence Matching with Optogenetics

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    Optogenetics is an emerging field of neuroscience where neurons are genetically modified to express light-sensitive receptors that enable external control over when the neurons fire. Given the prominence of neuronal signaling within the brain and throughout the body, optogenetics has significant potential to improve the understanding of the nervous system and to develop treatments for neurological diseases. This paper uses a simple optogenetic model to compare the timing distortion between a randomly-generated target spike sequence and an externally-stimulated neuron spike sequence. The distortion is measured by filtering each sequence and finding the root mean square error between the two filter outputs. The expected distortion is derived in closed form when the target sequence generation rate is sufficiently low. Derivations are verified via simulations.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures. Will be presented at IEEE Global Communications Conference (IEEE GLOBECOM 2017) in December 201

    Design and Optimizing of On-Chip Kinesin Substrates for Molecular Communication

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    Lab-on-chip devices and point-of-care diagnostic chip devices are composed of many different components such as nanosensors that must be able to communicate with other components within the device. Molecular communication is a promising solution for on-chip communication. In particular, kinesin driven microtubule (MT) motility is an effective means of transferring information particles from one component to another. However, finding an optimal shape for these channels can be challenging. In this paper we derive a mathematical optimization model that can be used to find the optimal channel shape and dimensions for any transmission period. We derive three specific models for the rectangular channels, regular polygonal channels, and regular polygonal ring channels. We show that the optimal channel shapes are the square-shaped channel for the rectangular channel, and circular-shaped channel for the other classes of shapes. Finally, we show that among all 2 dimensional shapes the optimal design choice that maximizes information rate is the circular-shaped channel.Comment: accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnolog

    Molecular Communication Using Brownian Motion with Drift

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    Inspired by biological communication systems, molecular communication has been proposed as a viable scheme to communicate between nano-sized devices separated by a very short distance. Here, molecules are released by the transmitter into the medium, which are then sensed by the receiver. This paper develops a preliminary version of such a communication system focusing on the release of either one or two molecules into a fluid medium with drift. We analyze the mutual information between transmitter and the receiver when information is encoded in the time of release of the molecule. Simplifying assumptions are required in order to calculate the mutual information, and theoretical results are provided to show that these calculations are upper bounds on the true mutual information. Furthermore, optimized degree distributions are provided, which suggest transmission strategies for a variety of drift velocities.Comment: 20 pages, 7 figures, Accepted for publication in IEEE Trans. on NanoBioscienc

    Finite-State Channel Models for Signal Transduction in Neural Systems

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    Information theory provides powerful tools for understanding communication systems. This analysis can be applied to intercellular signal transduction, which is a means of chemical communication among cells and microbes. We discuss how to apply information-theoretic analysis to ligand-receptor systems, which form the signal carrier and receiver in intercellular signal transduction channels. We also discuss the applications of these results to neuroscience.Comment: Accepted for publication in 2016 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Shanghai, Chin