20 research outputs found

    Visual consumption, collective memory and the representation of war

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    Conceiving of the visual as a significant force in the production and dissemination of collective memory, we argue that a new genre of World War Two films has recently emerged that form part of a new discursive “regime of memory” about the war and those that fought and lived through it, constituting a commemoration as much about reflecting on the present as it is about remembering the past. First, we argue that these films seek to reaffirm a (particular conception of a) US national identity and military patriotism in the post–Cold War era by importing World War Two as the key meta‐narrative of America’s relationship to war in order to “correct” and help “erase” Vietnam’s more negative discursive rendering. Second, we argue that these films attempt to rewrite the history of World War Two by elevating and illuminating the role of the US at the expense of the Allies, further serving to reaffirm America’s position of political and military dominance in the current age, and third, that these films form part of a celebration of the generation that fought World War Two, which may accord them a position of nostalgic and sentimental greatness, as their collective spirit and notions of duty and service shine against the foil of what might frequently be seen as our own present moral ambivalence

    Particle energization and structuring of Jupiter’s main auroral oval as diagnosed with Juno measurements of (>30 keV) energetic particles

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    Juno polar low-altitude energetic particle observations indicate that the most intense emissions from Jupiter’s main auroral oval are caused by the impingement onto the atmosphere of relatively flat, energy-monotonic electron distributions, often extending to energies >1 MeV. They can be associated with bi-directional angular beaming with upward fluxes greater than the downward fluxes. Downward fluxes of >800 mW/m^2 have been observed. However, when viewed in high time resolution ( 1.0s) these distributions are sometimes (3 of 8)) intermixed with >50keV downward accelerated electron distributions with the classic inverted-V configuration, indicative of steady magnetic field-aligned electric fields. The highest downward energy peak observed so far is 400 keV. The inverted-V energy distributions lack the high energy tails observed in adjacent regions, and thus, contrary to what is observed at Earth, the associated downward energy fluxes are generally lower than the downward energy fluxes associated with the more intense energy-monotonic distributions. The relationship between these two modes of auroral particle energization is unclear. Do the classic auroral processes that create inverted-V distributions become so powerful that instabilities are stimulated that cause stochastic energization to turn on and dominate, or do these two different forms of auroral acceleration represent distinctly different processes? These and other questions are explored