8,133 research outputs found

    Approximate formula for the macroscopic polarization including quantum fluctuations

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    The many-body Berry phase formula for the macroscopic polarization is approximated by a sum of natural orbital geometric phases with fractional occupation numbers accounting for the dominant correlation effects. This reduced formula accurately reproduces the exact polarization in the Rice-Mele-Hubbard model across the band insulator-Mott insulator transition. A similar formula based on a one-body reduced Berry curvature accurately predicts the interaction-induced quenching of Thouless topological charge pumping

    Model Hamiltonian for strongly-correlated systems: Systematic, self-consistent, and unique construction

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    An interacting lattice model describing the subspace spanned by a set of strongly-correlated bands is rigorously coupled to density functional theory to enable ab initio calculations of geometric and topological material properties. The strongly-correlated subspace is identified from the occupation number band structure as opposed to a mean-field energy band structure. The self-consistent solution of the many-body model Hamiltonian and a generalized Kohn-Sham equation exactly incorporates momentum-dependent and crystal-symmetric correlations into electronic structure calculations in a way that does not rely on a separation of energy scales. Calculations for a multiorbital Hubbard model demonstrate that the theory accurately reproduces the many-body polarization.Comment: 19 pages, 11 figure

    Optimal Control of charge transfer

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    In this work, we investigate how and to which extent a quantum system can be driven along a prescribed path in space by a suitably tailored laser pulse. The laser field is calculated with the help of quantum optimal control theory employing a time-dependent formulation for the control target. Within a two-dimensional (2D) model system we have successfully optimized laser fields for two distinct charge transfer processes. The resulting laser fields can be understood as a complicated interplay of different excitation and de-excitation processes in the quantum system