4,004 research outputs found

    Soft and hard processes in QCD

    Full text link
    QCD equations for the generating functions are applied to separate soft and hard jets in e+e−e^+e^--processes of multiparticle production. The dependence of average multiplicities and higher moments of multiplicity distributions of particles created in a "newly born" soft subjets on the share of energy devoted to them is calculated in fixed coupling gluodynamics. This dependence is the same as for the total multiplicity up to a constant factor if soft jets are defined as those carrying out a fixed share of initial energy at all energies. The constant factor depends on this share in a non-trivial way. Other definitions are also proposed. The relation between these quantities for soft and hard processes is discussed.Comment: 6 pages, no Figures, LATEX, more detailed discussion of definitions and proposals for experiment is give

    High ET_T jets and double scattering

    Get PDF
    The recently found excess of high ET_T jets over current QCD predictions is attributed to gluon radiation at double scattering process inside a nucleon. The order of magnitude estimate of the cross section fits experimental findings rather well. The specific features of the process are discussed. Various similar hadronic effects related to the short radiation length are described.Comment: 6 pages, plain LaTe

    The two types of Cherenkov gluons at LHC energies

    Get PDF
    Beside comparatively low energy Cherenkov gluons observed at RHIC, there could be high energy gluons at LHC, related to the high energy region of positive real part of the forward scattering amplitude. In both cases they give rise to particles emitted along some cone. The characteristics of the cones produced by these two types of gluons are different. Therefore different experiments are needed to detect them. The cosmic ray event which initiated this idea is described in detail.Comment: 6 pages, talk at IWCF2006, Hangzhou, Chin

    Cherenkov gluons at RHIC and LHC

    Get PDF
    The coherent hadron production analogous to Cherenkov radiation of photons gives rise to the ring-like events. Being projected on the ring diameter they produce the two-bump structure recently observed for the away-side jets at RHIC. The position of the peaks and their height determine such properties of the hadronic medium as its nuclear index of refraction, the parton density, the free path length and the energy loss of Cherenkov gluons. Beside comparatively low energy gluons observed at RHIC, there could be high energy gluons at LHC, related to the high energy region of positive real part of the forward scattering amplitude and possessing different characteristics.Comment: 6 pages, talk at QM2006 modified with new reference

    Energy dependence of ratios of multiplicities and their slopes for gluon and quark jets

    Get PDF
    The difference between the ratio of multiplicities and the ratio of their derivatives on energy for gluon and quark jets is calculated up to next-to-next-to leading order of perturbative QCD. Its non-zero value is uniquely defined by the running property of the QCD coupling constant. It is shown that this difference is rather small compared to values which can be obtained from experimental data. This disagreement can be ascribed either to strong non-perturbative terms or to experimental problems with a scale choice, jets separation and inadequate assignement of soft particles to jets.Comment: 5 pages, LATEX, no Figs; submitted to JETP Let