33 research outputs found

    Sosiologi Distribusi

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    Sosiologi Perkotaan

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    EVALUASI PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT KAMPUNG TEMATIK BANDARHARJO SEMARANG UTARA

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    Pemberdayaan masyarakat merupakan usaha untuk membuat masyarakat menjadi berdaya melalui upaya pembelajaran sehingga mereka mampu untuk mengelola dan bertanggung jawab atas program pembangunan dalam komunitasnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi proses pemberdayaan masyarakat pada kegiatan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Kampung Mangoet di Desa Bandarharjo. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini bersifat deduktif dengan metode analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Evaluasi pemberdayaan masyarakat bisa dilakukan melalui kajian evaluatif terhadap proses maupun hasilnya. Temuan evaluatif terhadap proses pemberdayaan masyarakat di Desa Bandarharjo menunjukkan bahwa proses pemberdayaan yang dilakukan telah sesuai dengan tahapan pemberdayaan yang ditentukan dalam Kampung Tematik maupun dengan literatur-literatur mengenai pemberdayaan masyarakat. Sedangkan temuan evaluatif terhadap hasil menunjukkan bahwa proses pemberdayaan yang telah berjalan selama 3 tahun telah berhasil mengubah tingkat kesadaran masyarakat dan meningkatkan pemahamannya untuk turut serta berperan dalam pembangunan di komunitasnya, namun untuk mencapai tingkat kemandirian dan derajat keberdayaan yang sesungguhnya masih diperlukan pembelajaran lebih lanjut yang harus dilakukan secara kontinyu dan terpadu

    Transformation of Pottery Handicraft Industrial Center in Dolon Hamlet of Bayat Sub District, Klaten Regency, Central Java, Indonesia

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    Traditional handicraft industry should be the solution to poverty alleviation in rural area and cultural preservation media. However, such the assumption does not apply to traditional pottery industry center in Dolon Hamlet nearly to be extinct. The objective of research was to describe the process of transformation in traditional pottery handicraft industry in Dolon Hamlet through structural, cultural and agent changes. This study employed a qualitative approach with phenomenological method. The informants were selected using purposive sampling technique with family analysis. Technique of analyzing data used was an interactive model of analysis. The result of research showed that there were five moments in the transformation process of traditional pottery industry center in Dolon Hamlet. Those moments began with glory, regeneration failure, earthquake disaster and empowerment failure, crisis period dealing with 3-kg gas, and extinction threshold. As a result, old generation tended to maintain pottery handicraft industry with traditional product identity (morphostasis), despite a series of adaptation to organic industrial form. Meanwhile, most young generations moved to other working sector (morphogenesis). Keywords: pottery, industrial transformation, traditional handicraft, Archer, morphogeneti

    A Model for Empowerment of Small- and Medium-Scale Enterprises with the Cluster Approach Influencing the Performance of Small- and Medium-Scale Enterprises at the Weaving Industry Centers

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    The empowerment of Small- and Medium-scale Enterprises can be done by enacting the Small- and Medium-scale Enterprises centers as the entry point. This approach is based on the notion to provide services to them in more focused, collective, and efficient ways. In this way, although the resources are limited, they are able to reach the small- and medium-scale enterprises extensively. Furthermore, to develop the centers, the cluster approach is applied. Cluster is a network of internal and external cooperation. Keywords:       Centers, cluster, internal cooperation and external cooperation, infrastructure, performance, Small- and medium-scale enterprises, and empowerment model

    Comparative Framing: Media Strategy in Public Communication Policy

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    Framing is one of the most misunderstood concepts in political communication studies. It roots from epistemological problems, framing appropriately as a ”method” to framing’s concept itself. Framing is the process of construction and negotiation of public policy issues influenced by discourse contestation, where one view on a particular issue will be offered, negotiated, and then accepted or rejected as a dominant discourse that becomes the background of a policy. This study employed comparative framing to investigate the dimension of media framing as a media strategy. We examined how media strategies are applied to frame the same issue. This research concluded that at the level of event-driven news, the media has a similar frame strategy. Furthermore, contrast frames occur in micro-issues due to the influence of media characteristics, historical-ideological factors, and media organizational structures. Keywords: framing, governance, political communication, polic

    The Empowerment of Households towards Independence through Social Capital in Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH)

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan menjelaskan 1) Peran Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH) dalam pemberdayaan Keluarga Penerima Manfaat (KPM), 2) Peran Modal Sosial dalam mewujudkan kemandirian KPM PKH di Kabupaten Sukoharjo Provinsi Jawa Tengah, Indonesia. Jenis penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus. Penentuan informan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Jumlah informan utama sebanyak 8 orang Keluarga Penerima Manfaat, 4 orang informan kunci yakni Kepala Dinas Sosial Kabupaten Sukoharjo, Koordinator Kabupaten Sukoharjo, Supervisor PKH dan pendamping PKH, serta informan pendukung yakni 2 orang tetangga KPM PKH. Metode pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data melalui tiga tahap yaitu reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Verifikasi data dilakukan dengan cara ketekunan pengamatan dan triangulasi sumber dan waktu. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa 1) Peran PKH dalam pemberdayaan KPM berupa pemberdayaan melalui pemberian bantuan sosial, pemberdayaan melalui kegiatan Pertemuan Peningkatan Kemampuan Keluarga (P2K2) atau Family Development Session (FDS), pemberdayaan melalui Koperasi PKH dan pemberdayaan melalui KUBE (Kelompok Usaha Bersama) PKH, 2) Peran Modal Sosial Dalam Menciptakan Kemandirian KPM PKH dengan menyelaraskan antara dimensi nilai kultur, dimensi trust, reciprocity, partisipasi, dimensi sistem komunikasi, dan jaringan usaha yang dimiliki oleh KPM PKH. Hal tersebut disebabkan oleh adanya relevansi antara social bounding, social bridging, dan social linking yang dijalankan oleh KPM. Dengan demikian, pilihan saluran penghidupan KPM PKH melalui pemanfaatan modal sosial menjadi peluang strategis dan produktif untuk menjaga daya tahan ekonomi rumah tangga miskin menuju kemandirian.This research aims to reveal 1) The Role of Program Keluarga Harapan or known as PKH (Family of Hope Program) in empowering beneficiary households or known as KPM (Keluarga Penerima Manfaat), 2) The Role of Social Capital in realizing the independence of KPM-PKH in Sukoharjo district, Central Java Province, Indonesia. This research was qualitative by using a case study approach. The determination of informants used a purposive sampling technique. The informants were eight beneficiary households and four key informants they were the Head of Sukoharjo district office of the Ministry of Social Services, coordinator of Sukoharjo district, PKH supervisor, PKH facilitator, and two key informants to support any information. Data were collected through observation, interviews, and documentation. The data were analyzed into three stages; data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing. The data were verified by observation and source triangulation and time. The result showed that 1) The Role of PKH in empowering the beneficiary households by providing social assistance, strengthening by the regular meeting of Family Development Session, known as P2K2 (Pertemuan Peningkatan Kemampuan Keluarga), strengthening by PKH cooperative, and joint business group, known as KUBE (Kelompok Usaha Bersama), 2) The Role of social capital to build independence of KPM-PKH by adopting cultural values, trust, reciprocity, participation, communication system, and venture networks of beneficiary households. This is caused by the relevance of social bonding, social bridging and social linking carried out by KPM-PKH. To conclude, livelihoods choice of KPM-PKH by employing social capital becomes strategic and productive opportunities to empower independence among poor households as beneficiary of PKH

    The Inefficiency of Zakat Management in BAZNAS Sragen Indonesia

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    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the problems of zakat governance in Indonesia, with the case study of BAZNAS in Sragen Regency. This is a qualitative research with the perspective of institutional theory. Results indicated that: (1) BAZNAS Sragen has a relatively high transaction cost due to several factors, particularly the costs of seeking information and monitoring; (2) BAZNAS Sragen conducts asymmetric information which is characterized by the lack of transparency, accountability, and fairness; (3) BAZNAS Sragen has a potential to perform opportunistic behavior in the form of political contamination in the distribution of ZIS funds. The less efficient of the governance causes the less optimal performance of BAZNAS Sragen, either in the limited amount of zakat fundraising or in its performance in empowering the poor

    Desentralisasi Penyediaan Program Pendidikan Inklusif Bagi Penyandang Disabilitas di Indonesia: Systematic Literature Review

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    The Indonesian government implements inclusive education in order to help people with disabilities from an early age adapt to their environment. Educated adults with disabilities are expected to be able to meet their needs independently and actively participate in society. The aim of this research is to ascertain whether inclusive education can replace special schools and how well these services serve the needs of students with disabilities. This research is expected to be a tool for policy makers to evaluate existing inclusive education. This study aims to analyze whether special education at present still needs to be maintained with an increase in the implementation of inclusive education programs in Indonesia. The research method is a systematic literature review with PRISMA. The results showed that there was an unpreparedness of the government and educational institutions in accommodating the needs of children with disabilities. On the other hand, the community still needs education in accepting the presence of children with disabilities to coexist with common children. In general, special education is stillneeded as an initial facility to prepare children with disabilities before taking education in inclusive schools and centers for the development of children with disabilities. Research recommendations that can be carried out in the future are by connecting the variables of decentralization and inclusive education with other variables that are rarely studied and will produce new novelties

    Papuan Students’ Behavior amid Yogyakarta Community Environment

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    This research employed  a descriptive qualitative method, in which data and material needed was  obtained from interviews, observation, and based on f literature study on  journals, documents, electronic media and mass media  with descriptive analysis. This research aimsed It aims to analyze and to describe the behavior of Papuan students living in  community environment in Yogyakarta. From the result of  research on the students studied, it could be  found that some of students studied had  organizational behavior along  with surrounding  people  by participating in some society activities, such as gotong royong (mutual cooperation), rapat RT(neighborhood meeting), safeguarding environment, and etc. However, on the other hand in some areas of Yogyakarta , for example some people are not willing to accept their presence and giving  them dwelling  such as  boarding house, so that it indicates  discrimination against Papuan students. It is  due to  dysfunctional behavior, they have thereby disrupting integration and socialization process in society. Papuan students consider that their behavior is commons , but is s unacceptable to society.  They make noise by speaking loudly, drinking , and some act ions  resulting  in conflict with  surrounding people. Meanwhile,  they should create a relationship and structure with society in the environment where  they live
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