193 research outputs found

    Global Web Page Design: Issues of Culture and Gender

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    The globalization of business has been of considerable interest in both the academic press (e.g., Ho, Ong, & Lee, 1997; Roberts & Hardt, 1997) and the practitioner press (e.g., Business Week Special Report, 1997). As a consequence of the growth in business across borders (e.g., Bartlett & Ghoshal, 1991), it is projected that the global workforce and consumer base will become increasingly diverse by the year 2000 (e.g., Human Resources Institute, 1991). Shaw (1990) has suggested there may be basic differences in how individuals from varying cultures collect, process, store, and use information. This implies that with regard to Web sites, perception and satisfaction differences may exist due to the socialization processes consumers may have experienced in their home countries

    Hypergeometric decomposition of symmetric K3 quartic pencils

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    We study the hypergeometric functions associated to five one-parameter deformations of Delsarte K3 quartic hypersurfaces in projective space. We compute all of their Picard--Fuchs differential equations; we count points using Gauss sums and rewrite this in terms of finite field hypergeometric sums; then we match up each differential equation to a factor of the zeta function, and we write this in terms of global L-functions. This computation gives a complete, explicit description of the motives for these pencils in terms of hypergeometric motives.Comment: 70 pages, minor revision, to appear in Research in the Mathematical Science

    Zeta functions of alternate mirror Calabi–Yau families

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    We prove that if two Calabi-Yau invertible pencils have the same dual weights, then they share a common factor in their zeta functions. By using Dwork cohomology, we demonstrate that this common factor is related to a hypergeometric Picard–Fuchs differential equation. The factor in the zeta function is defined over the rationals and has degree at least the order of the Picard–Fuchs equation. As an application, we relate several pencils of K3 surfaces to the Dwork pencil, obtaining new cases of arithmetic mirror symmetry

    Alewife planktivory controls the abundance of two invasive predatory cladocerans in Lake Michigan

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    Peer Reviewedhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/74873/1/j.1365-2427.2007.01728.x.pd

    Mars Image Content Classification: Three Years of NASA Deployment and Recent Advances

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    The NASA Planetary Data System hosts millions of images acquired from the planet Mars. To help users quickly find images of interest, we have developed and deployed content-based classification and search capabilities for Mars orbital and surface images. The deployed systems are publicly accessible using the PDS Image Atlas. We describe the process of training, evaluating, calibrating, and deploying updates to two CNN classifiers for images collected by Mars missions. We also report on three years of deployment including usage statistics, lessons learned, and plans for the future.Comment: Published at the Thirty-Third Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence (IAAI-21). IAAI Innovative Application Award. 10 pages, 11 figures, 6 table

    Airglow-CubeSat with Orientation Control by Aerospike Puff-jets

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    Observations of upper atmospheric emissions further the understanding of the effects of the chemiluminescent energetics of the Earth’s atmosphere. The Airglow- CubeSat will scan the desired altitudes of the mesosphere and the upper thermosphere. The resulting data is intended to help validate results collected from measurements taken from rocket profiles as well as the SABER/TIMED satellite. The Airglow-CubeSat will be monitoring the atomic oxygen green line at a wavelength of 557 nm. Research is also being conducted into the feasibility of using aerospike technology for altitude maintenance and satellite orientation control

    Surgery for rheumatic heart disease in the Northern Territory, Australia, 1997-2016: what have we gained?

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    Background: Between 1964 and 1996, the 10-year survival of patients having valve replacement surgery for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in the Northern Territory, Australia, was 68%. As medical care has evolved since then, this study aimed to determine whether there has been a corresponding improvement in survival. Methods: A retrospective study of Aboriginal patients with RHD in the Northern Territory, Australia, having their first valve surgery between 1997 and 2016. Survival was examined using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis. Findings: The cohort included 281 adults and 61 children. The median (IQR) age at first surgery was 31 (18-42) years; 173/342 (51%) had a valve replacement, 113/342 (33%) had a valve repair and 56/342 (16%) had a commissurotomy. There were 93/342 (27%) deaths during a median (IQR) follow-up of 8 (4-12) years. The overall 10-year survival was 70% (95% CI: 64% to 76%). It was 62% (95% CI: 53% to 70%) in those having valve replacement. There were 204/281 (73%) adults with at least 1 preoperative comorbidity. Preoperative comorbidity was associated with earlier death, the risk of death increasing with each comorbidity (HR: 1.3 (95% CI: 1.2 to 1.5), p50 mm Hg before surgery (HR 1.9 (95% CI: 1.2 to 3.1) p=0.007) were independently associated with death. Interpretation: Survival after valve replacement for RHD in this region of Australia has not improved. Although the patients were young, many had multiple comorbidities, which influenced long-term outcomes. The increasing prevalence of complex comorbidity in the region is a barrier to achieving optimal health outcomes
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