61 research outputs found

    Renal Cell Carcinoma as a Metabolic Disease: An Update on Main Pathways, Potential Biomarkers, and Therapeutic Targets

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    : Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most frequent histological kidney cancer subtype. Over the last decade, significant progress has been made in identifying the genetic and metabolic alterations driving ccRCC development. In particular, an integrated approach using transcriptomics, metabolomics, and lipidomics has led to a better understanding of ccRCC as a metabolic disease. The metabolic profiling of this cancer could help define and predict its behavior in terms of aggressiveness, prognosis, and therapeutic responsiveness, and would be an innovative strategy for choosing the optimal therapy for a specific patient. This review article describes the current state-of-the-art in research on ccRCC metabolic pathways and potential therapeutic applications. In addition, the clinical implication of pharmacometabolomic intervention is analyzed, which represents a new field for novel stage-related and patient-tailored strategies according to the specific susceptibility to new classes of drugs

    Prognostic Factors for Overall Survival In Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients: A Multicentric Cohort Study by the Italian CML GIMEMA Network

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    An observational prospective study was conducted by the CML Italian network to analyze the role of baseline patient characteristics and first line treatments on overall survival and CML-related mortality in 1206 newly diagnosed CML patients, 608 treated with imatinib (IMA) and 598 with 2nd generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (2GTKI). IMA-treated patients were much older (median age 69 years, IQR 58-77) than the 2GTKI group (52, IQR 41-63) and had more comorbidities. Estimated 4-year overall survival of the entire cohort was 89% (95%CI 85.9-91.4). Overall, 73 patients (6.1%) died: 17 (2.8%) in the 2GTKI vs 56 (9.2%) in the IMA cohort (adjusted HR=0.50; 95% CI=0.26-0.94), but no differences were detected for CML-related mortality (10 (1.7%) vs 11 (1.8%) in the 2GTKIs vs IMA cohort (sHR=1.61; 0.52-4.96). The ELTS score was associated to CML mortality (high risk vs low, HR=9.67; 95%CI 2.94-31.74; p<0.001), while age (per year, HR=1.03; 95%CI 1.00-1.06; p=0.064), CCI (4-5 vs 2, HR=5.22; 95%CI 2.56-10.65; p<0.001), ELTS score (high risk vs low, HR=3.11; 95%CI 1.52-6.35, p=0.002) and 2GTKI vs IMA (HR=0.26; 95%CI 0.10-0.65, p=0.004) were associated to an increased risk of non-related CML mortality. The ELTS score showed a better discriminant ability than the Sokal score in all comparisons

    Clinical Evidence Supporting the Role of Lonidamine for the Treatment of BPH

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    Glandular prostate epithelial cells of the peripheral zone are unique among normal cells in their dependence on glycolysis for energy production, due to a zinc-mediated enzymatic block in the citric acid cycle. Lonidamine (LND), a derivative of indazole-3-carboxylic acid, is thought to disrupt energy metabolism by interfering with glycolysis and to cause cell apoptosis. We evaluated the efficacy of oral LND treatment in subjects with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The following reports the findings of an open-label study of orally administered LND. Thirty subjects with symptomatic BPH received oral LND (150 mg/day) once daily for 28 days. Subjects were assessed at baseline, at active-therapy assessment visits (days 14, 28), and 1, 2, 3, and 6 months post-therapy, for prostate volume (PV) by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS), maximum flow rate (Q(max)) on uroflowmetry, postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, serum chemistry, and adverse events
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