689 research outputs found

    Focused ion beam engraved phase-shifted Bragg grating microcavity resonator

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    A cavity with minimal-volume confinement was created in a microfiber engraving a high-contrast phase-shifted Bragg grating by focused ion beam. While waveguiding by the air/silica boundary provides a diffraction-limited 2D confinement, the grating introduces the third degree of confinement. Theoretical simulations verified the phase-shifted cavity confinement and showed a reasonable agreement with the experimental demonstration. This cavity can find a variety of applications ranging from sensing to quantum dynamic experiments

    Fast-response high-temperature microfiber coupler tip thermometer

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    A compact temperature sensor based on a broadband microfiber coupler tip is demonstrated. The thermometer dynamic range spans from room temperature to 1511°C with a response time of tens of ms. This is the highest temperature measured with a silica optical fiber device. A resolution of 0.66°C was achieved for a coupler tip diameter of ~12.56 µm. Better resolution can be achieved with smaller size microfiber coupler tips

    A Fast-Response, High- Temperature Microfiber Coupler Thermometer

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    A compact temperature sensor based on a broadband microfiber coupler tip is demonstrated. The thermometer dynamic range spans from room temperature to 1511 with a response time of tens of milliseconds. This is the highest temperature measured with a silica optical fiber device. A resolution of 0.66 was achieved for a coupler tip diameter of . Better resolution can be achieved with smaller sized microfiber coupler tips

    Understanding Convolution for Semantic Segmentation

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    Recent advances in deep learning, especially deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs), have led to significant improvement over previous semantic segmentation systems. Here we show how to improve pixel-wise semantic segmentation by manipulating convolution-related operations that are of both theoretical and practical value. First, we design dense upsampling convolution (DUC) to generate pixel-level prediction, which is able to capture and decode more detailed information that is generally missing in bilinear upsampling. Second, we propose a hybrid dilated convolution (HDC) framework in the encoding phase. This framework 1) effectively enlarges the receptive fields (RF) of the network to aggregate global information; 2) alleviates what we call the "gridding issue" caused by the standard dilated convolution operation. We evaluate our approaches thoroughly on the Cityscapes dataset, and achieve a state-of-art result of 80.1% mIOU in the test set at the time of submission. We also have achieved state-of-the-art overall on the KITTI road estimation benchmark and the PASCAL VOC2012 segmentation task. Our source code can be found at https://github.com/TuSimple/TuSimple-DUC .Comment: WACV 2018. Updated acknowledgements. Source code: https://github.com/TuSimple/TuSimple-DU

    Single-mode tuneable laser operation of hybrid microcavities based on CdSe/CdS core/shell colloidal nanorods on silica microspheres

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    Colloidal core/shell semiconductor nanonorystals have generated a great deal of interest as gain media in recent years due to a number of salient properties originating from their small size and the associated quantum confinement [1]. These include low-threshold and temperature-insensitive lasing, reduced trapping of excited carriers, and the possibility to alleviate non-radiative Auger recombination by engineering the wavefunction distributions of the electrons, and holes within their volume. Here, single-mode, tuneable operation of fiber-coupled hybrid lasers based on colloidal CdSe/CdS core/shell nanorods on silica microspheres is reported

    Single-mode tunable laser emission in the single-exciton regime from colloidal nanocrystals

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    Whispering-gallery-mode resonators have been extensively used in conjunction with different materials for the development of a variety of photonic devices. Among the latter, hybrid structures, consisting of dielectric microspheres and colloidal core/shell semiconductor nanocrystals as gain media, have attracted interest for the development of microlasers and studies of cavity quantum electrodynamic effects. Here we demonstrate single-exciton, single-mode, spectrally tuned lasing from ensembles of optical antenna-designed, colloidal core/shell CdSe/CdS quantum rods deposited on silica microspheres. We obtain single-exciton emission by capitalizing on the band structure of the specific core/shell architecture that strongly localizes holes in the core, and the two-dimensional quantum confinement of electrons across the elongated shell. This creates a type-II conduction band alignment driven by coulombic repulsion that eliminates non-radiative multi-exciton Auger recombination processes, thereby inducing a large exciton–bi-exciton energy shift. Their ultra-low thresholds and single-mode, single-exciton emission make these hybrid lasers appealing for various applications, including quantum information processing
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