10 research outputs found

    Archaeology in Macedonia and Thrace: Iron Age to Hellenistic, 2014–2019

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    From tools to production: recent research on textile industries in Greece

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    The aim of this report is to provide a summary of the latest developments in the textile archaeology of Greece and the broader Aegean from the Neolithic through to the Roman period, focusing in particular on recent research on textile tools. Spindle-whorls and loomweights appeared in the Aegean during the Neolithic and by the Early Bronze Age weaving on the warp-weighted loom was well established across the region. Recent methodological advances allow the use of the physical characteristics of tools to estimate the quality of the yarns and textiles produced, even in the absence of extant fabrics. The shapes of spindle-whorls evolved with the introduction of wool fibre, which by the Middle Bronze Age had become the dominant textile raw material in the region. The spread of discoid loomweights from Crete to the wider Aegean has been linked to the wider Minoanization of the area during the Middle Bronze Age, as well as the mobility of weavers. Broader issues discussed in connection with textile production include urbanization, the spread of different textile cultures and the identification of specific practices (sealing) and previously unrecognized technologies (splicing), as well as the value of textiles enhanced by a variety of decorative techniques and purple dyeing

    Strumenti tessili in sepolture in Italia e Europa preromana

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    La produzione tessile costituisce una delle piu\u300 antiche attivita\u300 specializzate, tipicamente specifica rispetto al genere. Le prove archeologiche, iconografiche, letterarie ed etnografiche indicano che, in molte societa\u300, la filatura e la tessi- tura erano praticate principalmente dalle donne. In diversi contesti dell\u2019Italia preromana e, piu\u300 in generale, del Mediterraneo l\u2019artigianato tessile divenne un simbolo della sfera femminile e il contributo delle donne alla comunita\u300 come lavoratrici tessili fu segnalato attraverso la deposizione di strumenti da filatura e tessitura nelle loro sepolture. Strumenti da filatura in materiale prezioso, come bronzo, argento, ambra e osso, supportano l\u2019idea che questi strumenti fossero simboli importanti dello status femminile in diverse classi sociali. Le differenze nella distribuzione numerica e tipologica degli strumenti tessili nei contesti funerari sono un riflesso significativo del genere, dello status, dell\u2019abilita\u300 artigianale e dell\u2019eta\u300 dei loro proprietari, mentre i vari cambiamenti registrati in tale distribuzione nel corso del tempo indicano trasformazioni sociali ed economiche iniziate in Italia durante il VII secolo a.C

    Naval power and textile technology: sail production in ancient Greece

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    none3siSails and textile technology played a key role in enabling mobility and thus shaping historical phenomena such as migration, trade, the acquisition and maintenance of imperial power in the ancient Mediterranean. Yet sails are nearly absent from analyses of ancient fleets, even in extensively studied cases like that of Classical Athens. This paper examines the demand and production of sailcloth, including labour and material requirements, and logistics. A consideration of the Athenian navy demonstrates that making sails involved significant amounts of labour and linen. Managing supplies and reserves of sailcloth constituted a significant challenge, which could be addressed through more intensive exploitation of textile workers, trade, and taxation.noneMargarita Gleba, Bela Dimova, Susanna HarrisGleba, Margarita; Dimova, Bela; Harris, Susann
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