39,240 research outputs found

    Prototype Graphs for radiative Corrections to Polarized Chargino or Neutralino Production in Electron-Positron Annihilation

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    We present the contributions from all types of one-loop corrections to the scattering amplitude for the pair production of polarized charginos or neutralinos from polarized electron-positron annihilation. The contributions are classified in terms of ``prototypes'' distinguished by the number of particles inside the loops and their spins. The results are quoted in terms of the Veltman-Passarino functions in terms of general couplings and internal masses. The results can therefore be applied to any supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model or indeed to any polarized fermion pair production process in electron-positron annihilation.Comment: LATEX 38 pages, 26 figure

    The initial conditions of the Universe and holography

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    We address the initial conditions for an expanding cosmology using the holographic principle. For the case of a closed model, the old prescription of Fishler and Susskind, that uses the particle horizon to encode the bulk degrees of freedom, can be implemented for accelerated models with enough acceleration. As a bonus we have singularity free bouncing models. The bound is saturated for co-dimension one branes dominated universes.Comment: Talk presented at the XXVIII Spanish Relativity Meeting E.R.E. 2005, Oviedo, September 6-10, 2005, to be published by AIP Conference Proceedings, 4 page

    Constraining Bilinear R-Parity Violation from Neutrino Masses

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    We confront the R-parity violating MSSM model with the neutrino oscillation data. Investigating the 1-loop particle-sparticle diagrams with additional bilinear insertions on the external neutrino lines we construct the relevant contributions to the neutrino mass matrix. A comparison of the so-obtained matrices with the experimental ones assuming normal or inverted hierarchy and taking into account possible CP violating phases, allows to set constraints on the values of the bilinear coupling constants. A similar calculation is presented with the input from the Heidelberg-Moscow neutrinoless double beta decay experiment. We base our analysis on the renormalization group evolution of the MSSM parameters which are unified at the GUT scale. Using the obtained bounds we calculate the contributions to the Majorana neutrino transition magnetic moments.Comment: I've decided to move the collection of my papers to arXiv for easier acces

    Rayleigh-Taylor instability in partially ionized compressible plasmas: one fluid approach

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    We study the modification of the classical criterion for the linear onset and growth rate of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) in a partially ionized (PI) plasma in the one-fluid description, considering a generalized induction equation. The governing linear equations and appropriate boundary conditions, including gravitational terms, are derived and applied to the case of the RTI in a single interface between two partially ionized plasmas. The boundary conditions lead to an equation for the frequencies in which some of them have positive complex parts, marking the appearance of the RTI. We study the ambipolar term alone first, extending the result to the full induction equation later. We find that the configuration is always unstable because of the presence of a neutral species. In the classical stability regime the growth rate is small, since the collisions prevent the neutral fluid to fully develop the RTI. For parameters in the classical instability regime the growth rate is lowered, but for the considered theoretical values of the collision frequencies and diffusion coefficients for solar prominences the differences with the compressible MHD case are small. We conclude that PI modifies some aspects of the linear RTI instability, since it takes into account that neutrals do not feel the stabilizing effect of the magnetic field. For the set of parameters representative for solar prominences, our model gives the resulting timescale comparable with observed lifetimes of RTI plumes.Comment: Accepted for publication in Astronomy & Astrophysic