15 research outputs found

    Film Through Marx, Our Contemporary

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    Strung pieces: on the aesthetics of television fiction series

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    As layered and long works, television fiction series have aesthetic properties that are built over time, bit by bit. This thesis develops a group of concepts that enable the study of these properties, It argues that a series is made of strung pieces, a system of related elements. The text begins by considering this sequential form within the fields of film and television. This opening chapter defines the object and methodology of research, arguing for a non-essentialist distinction between cinema and television and against the adequacy of textual and contextual analyses as approaches to the aesthetics of these shows. It proposes instead that these programmes should be described as televisual works that can be scrutinised through aesthetic analysis. The next chapters propose a sequence of interrelated concepts. The second chapter contends that series are composed of building blocks that can be either units into which series are divided or motifs that unify series and are dispersed across their pans. These blocks are patterned according to four kinds of relations or principles of composition. Repetition and variation are treated in tandem in the third chapter because of their close connection, given that variation emerges from established repetition. Exception and progression are also discussed together in the fourth chapter since they both require a long view of these serial works. The former, in order to be recognised as a deviation from the patterns of repetition and variation. The latter, In order to be understood in Its many dimensions as the series advances. Each of these concepts is further detailed with additional distinctions between types of units, motifs, repetitions, variations, and exceptions, using illustrative examples from numerous shows. In contrast, the section on progression uses a single series as case study, Carnivàle (2003-05), because this is the overarching principle that encompasses all the others. The conclusion considers the findings of the research and suggests avenues for their application

    Bortolin site, a new fossiliferous locality in the triassic (Ladinian/carnian) of southern brazil

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    A new fossiliferous site from the Pinheiros-Chiniqu√° Sequence (Santa Maria Supersequence) with typical tetrapod components of the Dinodontosaurus Assemblage Zone (AZ) is here described. The new site is included in the Faxinal do Soturno Structural Block. The fossil content is characterized by cranial and postcranial material of rauisuchian archosaurs, traversodontid and chiniquodontid cynodonts and dicynodonts, the first occurrence of a large-sized coelacanth fish in the Brazilian Triassic, as well as ichnological material, represented by coprolites. The presence of Luangwa together with Massetognathus raises interesting questions regarding the age of this site included in the Dinodontosaurus AZ when compared with other localities of Southern Brazil, western Argentina and Africa. As in other localities of this AZ, the fossil specimens recovered in Bortolin site exhibit remarkable differences on their fossil preservation: those from the lower portion of the outcrop (distal floodplain) possess a heterogeneous preservation (variable between poor to fairly good) whereas those from the top levels (proximal floodplain) are comparatively better preserved. This new locality, with a large amount of stratigraphically controlled fossils, constitutes a key-locality to study the distribution of Triassic terrestrial tetrapods and to perform comparisons with other sites of this AZ, in which several historical records lack a precise provenance.‚Äď Um novo s√≠tio fossil√≠fero √© descrito para a Sequ√™ncia Pinheiros-Chiniqu√° (Supersequ√™ncia Santa Maria) com tetr√°podes t√≠picos da Zona de Associa√ß√£o (ZA) de Dinodontosaurus. Este novo s√≠tio est√° inclu√≠do no Bloco Estrutural Faxinal do Soturno. O conte√ļdo f√≥ssil √© caracterizado por materiais cranianos e p√≥s-cranianos de arcossauros rauissuqu√≠deos, cinodontes chiniquodont√≠deos e traversodont√≠deos e dicinodontes, a primeira ocorr√™ncia de um peixe celacanto de grande tamanho, al√©m de materiais icnol√≥gicos, representados por copr√≥litos. A presen√ßa de Luangwa juntamente com Massetognathus levanta interessantes quest√Ķes acerca da idade desse s√≠tio, inclu√≠do na ZA de Dinodontosaurus, quando comparado com outras localidades do sul do Brasil, oeste da Argentina e √Āfrica. Assim como em outras localidades desta ZA, os esp√©cimes f√≥sseis coletados no s√≠tio Bortolin apresentam diferen√ßas not√°veis na preserva√ß√£o dos f√≥sseis: f√≥sseis do n√≠vel inferior do afloramento (plan√≠cie de inunda√ß√£o distal) apresentam preserva√ß√£o heterog√™nea (variando entre pobre a razoavelmente bem preservado) enquanto que nos n√≠veis superiores (plan√≠cie de inunda√ß√£o proximal), o registro f√≥ssil √© comparativamente melhor preservado. Esta nova localidade, com uma grande quantidade de f√≥sseis estratigraficamente controlados, constitui uma localidade chave para o estudo da distribui√ß√£o dos tetr√°podes terrestres do Tri√°ssico e sua compara√ß√£o com outros s√≠tios desta ZA, na qual v√°rios registros hist√≥ricos carecem de uma proveni√™ncia precisa.Fil: Branco Pavanatto, Ane Elise. Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; BrasilFil: Stock Da Rosa, √Ātila Augusto. Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; BrasilFil: Temp M√ľller, Rodrigo. Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; BrasilFil: Roberto Da Silva, Lucio. Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; BrasilFil: Ribeiro, Ana Maria. Museu de Ci√™ncias Naturais do Rio Grande do Sul; BrasilFil: Martinelli, Agust√≠n Guillermo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas y T√©cnicas. Oficina de Coordinaci√≥n Administrativa Parque Centenario. Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia"; ArgentinaFil: Dias Da Silva, Sergio. Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; Brasi

    N√ļcleos de Ensino da Unesp: artigos 2010: volume 4: as disciplinas escolares, os temas transversais e o processo de educa√ß√£o

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    Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP

    Valores priorizados por estudantes universit√°rios de um curso de psicologia de uma universidade p√ļblica

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    Update on the Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Guideline of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology-2019

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    The impact of frailty on ICU and 30-day mortality and the level of care in very elderly patients (‚Č•¬†80¬†years)

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    Purpose: Very old critical ill patients are a rapid expanding group in the ICU. Indications for admission, triage criteria and level of care are frequently discussed for such patients. However, most relevant outcome studies in this group frequently find an increased mortality and a reduced quality of life in survivors. The main objective was to study the impact of frailty compared with other variables with regards to short-term outcome in the very old ICU population. Methods: A transnational prospective cohort study from October 2016 to May 2017 with 30¬†days follow-up was set up by the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. In total 311 ICUs from 21 European countries participated. The ICUs included the first consecutive 20 very old (‚Č•¬†80¬†years) patients admitted to the ICU within a 3-month inclusion period. Frailty, SOFA score and therapeutic procedures were registered, in addition to limitations of care. For measurement of frailty the Clinical Frailty Scale was used at ICU admission. The main outcomes were ICU and 30-day mortality and survival at 30¬†days. Results: A total of 5021 patients with a median age of 84¬†years (IQR 81‚Äď86¬†years) were included in the final analysis, 2404 (47.9%) were women. Admission was classified as acute in 4215 (83.9%) of the patients. Overall ICU and 30-day mortality rates were 22.1% and 32.6%. During ICU stay 23.8% of the patients did not receive specific ICU procedures: ventilation, vasoactive drugs or renal replacement therapy. Frailty (values ‚Č•¬†5) was found in 43.1% and was independently related to 30-day survival (HR 1.54; 95% CI 1.38‚Äď1.73) for frail versus non-frail. Conclusions: Among very old patients (‚Č•¬†80¬†years) admitted to the ICU, the consecutive classes in Clinical Frailty Scale were inversely associated with short-term survival. The scale had a very low number of missing data. These findings provide support to add frailty to the clinical assessment in this patient group. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov (ID: NCT03134807)

    Sepsis at ICU admission does not decrease 30-day survival in very old patients: a post-hoc analysis of the VIP1 multinational cohort study

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    Background: The number of intensive care patients aged ‚Č• 80 years (Very old Intensive Care Patients; VIPs) is growing. VIPs have high mortality and morbidity and the benefits of ICU admission are frequently questioned. Sepsis incidence has risen in recent years and identification of outcomes is of considerable public importance. We aimed to determine whether VIPs admitted for sepsis had different outcomes than those admitted for other acute reasons and identify potential prognostic factors for 30-day survival. Results: This prospective study included VIPs with Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores ‚Č• 2 acutely admitted to 307 ICUs in 21 European countries. Of 3869 acutely admitted VIPs, 493 (12.7%) [53.8% male, median age 83 (81-86) years] were admitted for sepsis. Sepsis was defined according to clinical criteria; suspected or demonstrated focus of infection and SOFA score ‚Č• 2 points. Compared to VIPs admitted for other acute reasons, VIPs admitted for sepsis were younger, had a higher SOFA score (9 vs. 7, p < 0.0001), required more vasoactive drugs [82.2% vs. 55.1%, p < 0.0001] and renal replacement therapies [17.4% vs. 9.9%; p < 0.0001], and had more life-sustaining treatment limitations [37.3% vs. 32.1%; p = 0.02]. Frailty was similar in both groups. Unadjusted 30-day survival was not significantly different between the two groups. After adjustment for age, gender, frailty, and SOFA score, sepsis had no impact on 30-day survival [HR 0.99 (95% CI 0.86-1.15), p = 0.917]. Inverse-probability weight (IPW)-adjusted survival curves for the first 30 days after ICU admission were similar for acute septic and non-septic patients [HR: 1.00 (95% CI 0.87-1.17), p = 0.95]. A matched-pair analysis in which patients with sepsis were matched with two control patients of the same gender with the same age, SOFA score, and level of frailty was also performed. A Cox proportional hazard regression model stratified on the matched pairs showed that 30-day survival was similar in both groups [57.2% (95% CI 52.7-60.7) vs. 57.1% (95% CI 53.7-60.1), p = 0.85]. Conclusions: After adjusting for organ dysfunction, sepsis at admission was not independently associated with decreased 30-day survival in this multinational study of 3869 VIPs. Age, frailty, and SOFA score were independently associated with survival
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