8 research outputs found

    Skrining pada Berbagai Jenis Umbi dan Pisang sebagai Sumber Difructose Anhyride III (DFA III) Melalui Reaksi Enzimatis

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    Difructosa Anhyride III (DFA III) dapat diproduksi melalui reaksi enzimatis menggunakan inulin. Inulin dapat diperoleh dari akar/umbi dan batang tanaman. Pada penelitian ini, jenis umbi-umbian dan pisang yang diketahui sebagai salah satu sumber inulin dan akan diproses untuk pembuatan DFA III menggunakan inulin fructotransferase (IFTase) Nonomurae sp. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah melakukan tahapan skrining untuk memperoleh bahan baku sumber inulin dari berbagai jenis jenis umbi dan pisang yang berpotensi sebagai sumber pembuatan DFA III. Metode yang digunakan yaitu melalui reaksi enzimatis menggunakan Inulin fruktotransferase (IFTase). Umbi dan pisang diblansing, dipotong dan diblender dan ditambahkan air panas dengan rasio 1:2. Ekstrak inulin yang dihasilkan diukur secara kualitatif menggunakan metoda kromatografi lapis tipis (KLT) dan metode spektrofotometer. Hasil penelitian menujukkan bahwa umbi jalar mempunyai potensi besar dalam pembentukan DFA III dengan kadar inulin sebesar 7.03%, sedangkan untuk jenis pisang tidak berpotensi dalam pembentukan DFA III, hanya memiliki kandungan inulin saja (20,1%)

    The Production of Corn Kernel Miso Based on Rice-koji Fermented by Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus oligosporus

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    The suitability of corn kernel as raw material to produce miso fermented by rice-koji containing Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus oligosporus has been investigated. The optimization was conducted on two important factors in miso production namely mold composition in rice-koji and salt concentration. The mold composition was prepared by inoculating the spores of 2% A. oryzae, 2% R. oligosporus, and 2% the mixture of both in a ratio of 1:1, 2:1, and 1:2 (v/v) into different rice media. The mold composition was optimized to produce rice-koji with high α-amylase and protease activity. Different NaCl concentrations of 10%, 15%, and 20% were subjected to optimization process and added to each mixture after five days of fermentation. The salt concentration was also optimized to produce corn kernel miso with high glucose and high dissolved protein concentration. The result showed that rice-koji containing A. oryzae and R. oligosporus in the ratio of 1:1 had the highest α-amylase and protease activity of 0.42 U/mL and 0.45 U/mL respectively. In addition, the presence of 10% NaCl in corn kernel miso fermented by A. oryzae and R. oligosporus in the ratio of 1:1 exhibited the highest glucose and dissolved protein concentration of 0.64 mg/mL and 8.80 mg/mL respectively. The optimized corn kernel miso by A. oryzae and R. oligosporus in the ratio of 1:1 with 10% NaCl was subjected to nutrient content analysis and compared to the result before the corn kernel was fermented. The nutrient content analysis showed nutrient enhancement after corn kernel was fermented and transformed into a miso. Glucose, dissolved protein, and fat content increased 6.74, 1.34, 7.63 times respectively. This study concludes corn kernel could be utilized to produce a novel corn kernel miso for dietary diversification and for improving nutritional and health status

    Electrochemical degradation of methylene blue using Ce(Iv) ionic mediator in the presence of Ag(I) ion catalyst for environmental remediation

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    Methylene blue (MB) is often used in textile industries and is actively present in the wastewater runs-off. Recently, mediated electrochemical oxidation (MEO) offers a fast, reliable and promising results for environmental remediation. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the electro-degradation potential of MB by MEO using Ce(IV) ionic mediator. Furthermore, we also observed the influence of addition Ag(I) ion catalyst in MEO for degradation of MB. The electro-degradation of MB was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry technique and was confirmed by UV-Vis spectrophotometry, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis and back-titration analysis. The results showed that in the absence of Ag(I) ion catalyst, about 89 % of MB was decolorized within 30 min. When 2 mM of Ag(I) ion catalyst was applied, the electro-degradation of MB was increased to maximum value of 100%. The UV-Vis spectrum confirmed the electro-degradation of MB as suggested by decreased maximum absorbance value at ╬╗ 668 nm from 2.125 to 0.059. The HPLC analysis showed the formation of five new peaks at retention time of 1.331, 1.495, 1.757, 1.908, and 2.017 min, confirming the electro-degradation of MB. The back-titration analysis showed about 52.9% of CO2 was produced during electro-degradation of MB by MEO. More importantly, more than 97% of Ce(IV) ionic mediator were recovered in our investigation. Our results showed the potential of MEO using Ce(IV) ionic mediator to improve the wastewater runs-off quality from textile as well as other industries containing methylene blue

    Kandungan Inulin Dari Umbi Dahliasp Yang Ditanam Pada Jenis Tanah Vertisol, Inceptisol Dan Andisol

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    Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan kandungan inulin dari umbi Dahlia sp yang ditanam didaerah sejuk seperti Cianjur, Lembang dan Sukabumi pada jenis tanah yang berbeda dalam rangka rencana produksi di Jawa Barat. Inulin adalah oligosacharida yang terjadi secara alami dengan komposisi gabungan fruktooligosacharida dari oligomer dengan derajat polimerisasi yang berbeda. Umbi dahlia dari bunga berwarna ungu, merah, kuning dan putih yang ditanam di tiga lokasi digunakan sebagai sumber inulin. Metode ekstraksi yang digunakan yaitu cara ekstraksi berdasarkan kelarutan inulin dalam air pada suhu 800 C dan pengendapan dilakukan dengan etanol 30%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kadar inulin dari umbi bunga warna merah yang ditanam pada tanah Inceptisols (Sukabumi) memiliki kadar inulin tertinggi yaitu sebesar 17,99%, gula total 19.13%, karbohidrat 8.02%, kadar abu 0,15% sementara kadar inulin terendah pada jenis tanah Vertisols (Cianjur) yaitu 14.90%, gula total 26.61%, karbohidrat 8.66% kadar abu 0.17% sementara jenis tanahAndisols (Lembang) menghasilkan inulin dengan  kadar inulin 11.84%, gula total 12.48%, karbohidrat 9.38% dan kadar abu 0.09%. Kata kunci :Umbidahlia , inulin, vertisols inceptisols, andisols, karbohidrat The objectives of this research were to measure inulin content of Dahlia sp tubers widely planted in cool area such as Cianjur, Lembang and Sukabumi at different soil type in order to produce inulin in West Java. Inulin is a naturally occurring fructooligosaccharide composed of a mixture of oligomers of varying degrees of polymerization. Dahlia tuber of flower such as violet, red, yellow and white colour was planted on different location used as the source for inulin. The extraction methods was used base on inulin dissolve in water at 800 C and precipitation was carried out by using ethanol 30%.The results indicated that inulin powder of red flower was planted on inceptisols ( Sukabumi) has the highest level of inulin that was 17.99%, total glucose 19.13%, carbohydrate 8.02%, ash 0.15% .The lowest inulin content was detected in vertisols type ( Cianjur) as much as 14.90%, total glucose 26.61%, carbohydrate 8.66%, ash 0.17% meanwhile  andisols type has inulin concentration 11.84%, total glucose 12.84%, carbohydrate 9.38% and ash 0.09%

    Antidiabetic screening of some Indonesian marine cyanobacteria collection

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    Priatni S, Budiwati TA, Ratnaningrum D, Kosasih W, Andryani R, Susanti H, Susilaningsih D. 2016. Antidiabetic screening of some Indonesian marine cyanobacteria collection. Biodiversitas 17: 642-646. Cyanobacteria have been known as a potential extracellular-polysaccharide (EPS) producer. The objective of this study was to screen the marine cyanobacteria as potential antidiabetic agents. The present investigation was designed to determine the antidiabetic activity of EPS, intracellular-polysaccharide (IPS) and biomass extracts from marine cyanobacteria isolates. 10 cyanobacteria isolates were cultivated in IMK medium, at 25oC for 21 days. The morphology of cells was identified by a light microscope. EPS and IPS were separated by ethanol precipitation method and their antidiabetic activity was analyzed by the inhibition of α-glucosidase activity method. Results of morphology identification of 10 cyanobacteria isolates consist of Oscillatoria limnetica, Oscillatoria sp., Leptolyngbya sp., Pseudanabaena sp., Lyngbya sp. and Phormidium sp., Coelastrella sp., Aphanothece sp. and Synechococcus sp., and Chroococcus sp. Almost all of EPS from marine cyanobacteria isolates were potential as inhibitor of α-glucosidase, except for Oscillatoria limnetica and Phormidium sp. isolates. The highest activity in α-glucosidase inhibition was detected in Pseudanabaena sp. (14.02%) and Chroococcus sp. (13.0%) isolates
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