45,457 research outputs found

    Fully Packed O(n=1) Model on Random Eulerian Triangulations

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    We introduce a matrix model describing the fully-packed O(n) model on random Eulerian triangulations (i.e. triangulations with all vertices of even valency). For n=1 the model is mapped onto a particular gravitational 6-vertex model with central charge c=1, hence displaying the expected shift c -> c+1 when going from ordinary random triangulations to Eulerian ones. The case of arbitrary n is also discussed.Comment: 12 pages, 3 figures, tex, harvmac, eps

    SU(N) Meander Determinants

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    We propose a generalization of meanders, i.e., configurations of non-selfintersecting loops crossing a line through a given number of points, to SU(N). This uses the reformulation of meanders as pairs of reduced elements of the Temperley-Lieb algebra, a SU(2)-related quotient of the Hecke algebra, with a natural generalization to SU(N). We also derive explicit formulas for SU(N) meander determinants, defined as the Gram determinants of the corresponding bases of the Hecke algebra.Comment: TeX using harvmac.tex and epsf.tex, 60 pages (l-mode), 5 figure

    Noncommutative integrability, paths and quasi-determinants

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    In previous work, we showed that the solution of certain systems of discrete integrable equations, notably QQ and TT-systems, is given in terms of partition functions of positively weighted paths, thereby proving the positive Laurent phenomenon of Fomin and Zelevinsky for these cases. This method of solution is amenable to generalization to non-commutative weighted paths. Under certain circumstances, these describe solutions of discrete evolution equations in non-commutative variables: Examples are the corresponding quantum cluster algebras [BZ], the Kontsevich evolution [DFK09b] and the TT-systems themselves [DFK09a]. In this paper, we formulate certain non-commutative integrable evolutions by considering paths with non-commutative weights, together with an evolution of the weights that reduces to cluster algebra mutations in the commutative limit. The general weights are expressed as Laurent monomials of quasi-determinants of path partition functions, allowing for a non-commutative version of the positive Laurent phenomenon. We apply this construction to the known systems, and obtain Laurent positivity results for their solutions in terms of initial data.Comment: 46 pages, minor typos correcte

    Coloring Random Triangulations

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    We introduce and solve a two-matrix model for the tri-coloring problem of the vertices of a random triangulation. We present three different solutions: (i) by orthogonal polynomial techniques (ii) by use of a discrete Hirota bilinear equation (iii) by direct expansion. The model is found to lie in the universality class of pure two-dimensional quantum gravity, despite the non-polynomiality of its potential.Comment: 50 pages, 4 figures, Tex, uses harvmac, eps

    Combinatorial point for higher spin loop models

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    Integrable loop models associated with higher representations (spin k/2) of U_q(sl(2)) are investigated at the point q=-e^{i\pi/(k+2)}. The ground state eigenvalue and eigenvectors are described. Introducing inhomogeneities into the models allows to derive a sum rule for the ground state entries.Comment: latest version adds some reference

    Folding Transitions of the Square-Diagonal Lattice

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    We address the problem of "phantom" folding of the tethered membrane modelled by the two-dimensional square lattice, with bonds on the edges and diagonals of each face. Introducing bending rigidities K1K_1 and K2K_2 for respectively long and short bonds, we derive the complete phase diagram of the model, using transfer matrix calculations. The latter displays two transition curves, one corresponding to a first order (ferromagnetic) folding transition, and the other to a continuous (anti-ferromagnetic) unfolding transition.Comment: TeX using harvmac.tex and epsf.tex, 22 pages (l mode), 17 figure
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