1,998 research outputs found

    AN INVESTIGATION OF THE NOISE ABSORPTION POTENTIAL OF A SIX SELECTED GRASS SPECIES

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    Grass has a high leaf density and requires minimum space to grow. This experiment was designed to determine the sound absorption behaviour of six grass species (Zoysia matrella (L) Merr., Stenotaphrum dimidiatum(L.) Brongn, Panicum repens (L.), Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn., Axonopus compressus (Sw) P. Beauv, and Ischaemum sp.) for their possible use as noise screens. The sound absorption of each morphological leaf structure was studied. For Sound Absorption Coefficients (SAC) (α) studies, the reverberation room method under ISO 345:2003 standards was followed. A B&K dodecahedron Omni-directional speaker, power amplifier, and 2250L handheld analyser were used for reverberation time and RT60 measurements. Microscopic images of grass leaves were analysed using ImageJ software. This study revealed that grasses with the highest and lowest SAC for higher noise frequencies (> 1500 Hz) are S. dimidiatum Brongn and A. compressus, respectively. The SAC of S. dimidiatum Brongn positively correlated with noise frequency. In general, the correlation of SAC (α) with noise frequency (f) is in the form of log10α = a1log10f + b1 where a1 and b1 are grass type-dependent constants. The morphological parameters like total leaf area, total sample area, plant height, and sample dry weight strongly correlated with the SAC. But leaf thickness, length, width, surface area, and the weight of the sample poorly correlated with SAC in the frequency range

    Transverse Polarization of Top Quarks Produced at a Photon-Photon Collider

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    At future γγ\gamma \gamma colliders copious production of ttˉt \bar{t} pairs is possible. This would allow a detailed investigation of the interactions involving the top quark. We propose some orrelations which are sensitive to ttˉt \bar{t} final state interactions and we compute the QCD and standard model Higgs boson contributions to these correlations. QCD induced transverse polarization of top quarks is found to be sizeable and measurable at a high-energy e+ee^+e^- collider with an integrated luminosity of 10 (fb)1({\rm fb})^{-1} which is converted into a photon collider by backscattering of laser photons.Comment: 8 pages. No fig. Preprint UM-P-94/25 and PITHA 94/1

    Transverse Λ0\Lambda^0 polarization in inclusive quasi-real photoproduction: quark scattering model

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    The transverse polarization of Λ0\Lambda^0 hyperons produced in the inclusive epep reaction at the 27.6 GeV beam energy is assumed to appear mostly via scattering of the strange quark in a color field. Results of application of such an idea to the preliminary data of HERMES are presented. Contributions of Σ0\Sigma^0, Ξ\Xi, and Σ\Sigma^* resonances to the polarization are taken into account.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures, corrected according to version accepted by Physics of Atomic Nucle

    Transverse Λ0\Lambda^0 polarization in inclusive quasi-real photoproduction at the current fragmentation

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    It is shown that the recent HERMES data on the transverse Λ0\Lambda^0 polarization in the inclusive quasi-real photoproduction at xF>0x_F>0 can be accommodated by the strange quark scattering model. Relations with the quark recombination approach are discussed.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, accepted by Eur. Phys. J.

    Spin physics with antiprotons

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    New possibilities arising from the availability at GSI of antiproton beams, possibly polarised, are discussed. The investigation of the nucleon structure can be boosted by accessing in Drell-Yan processes experimental asymmetries related to cross-sections in which the parton distribution functions (PDF) only appear, without any contribution from fragmentation functions; such processes are not affected by the chiral suppression of the transversity function h1(x)h_1(x). Spin asymmetries in hyperon production and Single Spin Asymmetries are discussed as well, together with further items like electric and magnetic nucleonic form factors and open charm production. Counting rates estimations are provided for each physical case. The sketch of a possible experimental apparatus is proposed.Comment: Presented for the proceedings of ASI "Spin and Symmetry", Prague, July 5-10, 2004, to be published in Czech. J. Phys. 55 (2005

    Second Generation Leptoquark Search in p\bar{p} Collisions at s\sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV

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    We report on a search for second generation leptoquarks with the D\O\ detector at the Fermilab Tevatron ppˉp\bar{p} collider at s\sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV. This search is based on 12.7 pb1^{-1} of data. Second generation leptoquarks are assumed to be produced in pairs and to decay into a muon and quark with branching ratio β\beta or to neutrino and quark with branching ratio (1β)(1-\beta). We obtain cross section times branching ratio limits as a function of leptoquark mass and set a lower limit on the leptoquark mass of 111 GeV/c2^{2} for β=1\beta = 1 and 89 GeV/c2^{2} for β=0.5\beta = 0.5 at the 95%\ confidence level.Comment: 18 pages, FERMILAB-PUB-95/185-
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