658 research outputs found

    Effects of initial-state fluctuations in pbpb and ppb collisions at the cms experiment.

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    У овој тези предтсављена је систематска анализа нарушења факторизације дугодометних азимуталних дво-честичних корелација...In this thesis systematic studies on factorization breaking of long-range azimuthal twoparticle correlations into a product of single-particle anisotropies are presented, as a function of transverse momentum (pT) and pseudorapidity of both particles, and as a function of the particle multiplicity in PbPb and pPb collisions..

    Decomposition of multi-particle azimuthal correlations in Q-cumulant analysis*

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    he method of Q-cumulants is a powerful tool for studying the fine details of azimuthal anisotropies in high energy nuclear collisions. This paper presents a new method, based on mathematical induction, to evaluate the analytical form of high-order Q-cumulants. The capability of this method is demonstrated via a toy model that uses the elliptic power distribution to simulate the anisotropic emission of particles, quantified in terms of Fourier flow harmonics . The method can help in studying the large amount of event statistics that can be collected in the future and allow measurements of the very high central moments of the distribution. This can, in turn, facilitate progress in understanding the initial geometry, the input to the hydrodynamic calculations of medium expansion in high energy nuclear collisions, and the constraints on it

    Search for a new scalar resonance decaying to a pair of Z bosons in proton-proton collisions at √s=13 TeV

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    A search for a new scalar resonance decaying to a pair of Z bosons is performed in the mass range from 130 GeV to 3 TeV, and for various width scenarios. The analysis is based on proton-proton collisions recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb−1 at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The Z boson pair decays are reconstructed using the 4ℓ, 2ℓ2q, and 2ℓ2ν final states, where ℓ = e or μ. Both gluon fusion and electroweak production of the scalar resonance are considered, with a free parameter describing their relative cross sections. A dedicated categorization of events, based on the kinematic properties of associated jets, and matrix element techniques are employed for an optimal signal and background separation. A description of the interference between signal and background amplitudes for a resonance of an arbitrary width is included. No significant excess of events with respect to the standard model expectation is observed and limits are set on the product of the cross section for a new scalar boson and the branching fraction for its decay to ZZ for a large range of masses and widths.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]. © 2018, The Author(s).Erratum notice: [https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP03(2019)128

    Measurement of electroweak production of a W boson in association with two jets in proton–proton collisions at √s=13Te

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    A measurement is presented of electroweak (EW) production of a W boson in association with two jets in proton–proton collisions at s=13Te. The data sample was recorded by the CMS Collaboration at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9fb-1. The measurement is performed for the ℓνjj final state (with ℓν indicating a lepton–neutrino pair, and j representing the quarks produced in the hard interaction) in a kinematic region defined by invariant mass mjj>120Ge and transverse momenta pTj>25Ge. The cross section of the process is measured in the electron and muon channels yielding σEW(Wjj)=6.23±0.12(stat)±0.61(syst)pb per channel, in agreement with leading-order standard model predictions. The additional hadronic activity of events in a signal-enriched region is studied, and the measurements are compared with predictions. The final state is also used to perform a search for anomalous trilinear gauge couplings. Limits on anomalous trilinear gauge couplings associated with dimension-six operators are given in the framework of an effective field theory. The corresponding 95% confidence level intervals are -2.3<cWWW/Λ2<2.5Te-2, -8.8<cW/Λ2<16Te-2, and -45<cB/Λ2<46Te-2. These results are combined with the CMS EW Zjj analysis, yielding the constraint on the cW W W coupling: -1.8<cWWW/Λ2<2.0Te-2

    Search for MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to μ+μ− in proton-proton collisions at s=13TeV

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    A search is performed for neutral non-standard-model Higgs bosons decaying to two muons in the context of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). Proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider at a center-of-mass energy of 13TeVwere used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9fb-1. The search is sensitive to neutral Higgs bosons produced via the gluon fusion process or in association with a bbquark pair. No significant deviations from the standard model expectation are observed. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are set in the context of the mmod+hand phenomenological MSSM scenarios on the parameter tanβas a function of the mass of the pseudoscalar Aboson, in the range from 130 to 600GeV. The results are also used to set a model-independent limit on the product of the branching fraction for the decay into a muon pair and the cross section for the production of a scalar neutral boson, either via gluon fusion, or in association with bquarks, in the mass range from 130 to 1000GeV

    Study of central exclusive pi+pi- production in proton-proton collisions at √s=5.02 and 13TeV

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    Central exclusive and semiexclusive production of pairs is measured with the CMS detector in proton-proton collisions at the LHC at center-of-mass energies of 5.02 and 13TeV. The theoretical description of these nonperturbative processes, which have not yet been measured in detail at the LHC, poses a significant challenge to models. The two pions are measured and identified in the CMS silicon tracker based on specific energy loss, whereas the absence of other particles is ensured by calorimeter information. The total and differential cross sections of exclusive and semiexclusive central production are measured as functions of invariant mass, transverse momentum, and rapidity of the system in the fiducial region defined as transverse momentum and pseudorapidity . The production cross sections for the four resonant channels , , , and are extracted using a simple model. These results represent the first measurement of this process at the LHC collision energies of 5.02 and 13TeV.CMS Collaboration (ukupan broj autora: 2326

    Measurement and QCD analysis of double-differential inclusive jet cross sections in pp collisions at root s=8 TeV and cross section ratios to 2.76 and 7 TeV

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    A measurement of the double-differential inclusive jet cross section as a function of the jet transverse momentum p(T) and the absolute jet rapidity |y| is presented. Data from LHC proton-proton collisions at root s = 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb(-1), have been collected with the CMS detector. Jets are reconstructed using the anti-k(T) clustering algorithm with a size parameter of 0.7 in a phase space region covering jet p(T) from 74 GeV up to 2.5 TeV and jet absolute rapidity up to |y| = 3.0. The low-p(T) jet range between 21 and 74 GeV is also studied up to |y| = 4.7, using a dedicated data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.6 pb(-1). The measured jet cross section is corrected for detector effects and compared with the predictions from perturbative QCD at next-to-leading order (NLO) using various sets of parton distribution functions (PDF). Cross section ratios to the corresponding measurements performed at 2.76 and 7 TeV are presented. From the measured double-differential jet cross section, the value of the strong coupling constant evaluated at the Z mass is alpha(S)(M-Z) = 0.1164(-0.0043)(+0.0060) , where the errors include the PDF, scale, nonperturbative effects and experimental uncertainties, using the CT10 NLO PDFs. Improved constraints on PDFs based on the inclusive jet cross section measurement are presented

    Search for new physics in final states with two opposite-sign, same-flavor leptons, jets, and missing transverse momentum in pp collisions at TeV

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    A search is presented for physics beyond the standard model in final states with two opposite-sign, same-flavor leptons, jets, and missing transverse momentum. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 fb(-1) of proton-proton collisions at TeV collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2015. The analysis uses the invariant mass of the lepton pair, searching for a kinematic edge or a resonant-like excess compatible with the Z boson mass. Both search modes use several event categories in order to increase the sensitivity to new physics. These categories are based on the rapidity of the leptons, the multiplicity of jets and b jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta, and missing transverse momentum. The observations in all signal regions are consistent with the expectations from the standard model, and the results are interpreted in the context of simplified models of supersymmetry

    Study of Z boson production in pPb collisions at root S-NN=5.02 TeV

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    The production of Z bosons in pPb collisions at root S-NN = 5.02 TeV is studied by the CMS experiment via the electron and muon decay channels. The inclusive cross section is compared to pp collision predictions, and found to scale with the number of elementary nucleon-nucleon collisions. The differential cross sections as a function of the Z boson rapidity and transverse momentum are measured. Though they are found to be consistent within uncertainty with theoretical predictions both with and without nuclear effects, the forward-backward asymmetry suggests the presence of nuclear effects at large rapidities. These results provide new data for constraining nuclear parton distribution functions. (C) 2016 The Author. Published by Elsevier B.V

    Charged-particle nuclear modification factors in PbPb and pPb collisions at root s(NN)=5.02 TeV

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    The spectra of charged particles produced within the pseudorapidity window vertical bar eta vertical bar LT 1 at root s(NN) = 5 : 02 TeV are measured using 404 mu b(-1) of PbPb and 27.4 pb(-1) of pp data collected by the CMS detector at the LHC in 2015. The spectra are presented over the transverse momentum ranges spanning 0 : 5 LT p(T) LT 400 GeV in pp and 0 : 7 LT p(T) LT 400 GeV in PbPb collisions. The corresponding nuclear modification factor, R-AA, is measured in bins of collision centrality. The R-AA in the 5% most central collisions shows a maximal suppression by a factor of 7-8 in the p(T) region of 6-9 GeV. This dip is followed by an increase, which continues up to the highest p(T) measured, and approaches unity in the vicinity of p(T) = 200 GeV. The R-AA is compared to theoretical predictions and earlier experimental results at lower collision energies. The newly measured pp spectrum is combined with the pPb spectrum previously published by the CMS collaboration to construct the pPb nuclear modification factor, R-pA, up to 120 GeV. For p(T) GT 20 GeV, R-pA exhibits weak momentum dependence and shows a moderate enhancement above unity
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