3,004 research outputs found

    ATLAS results on top properties

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    Recent measurements of top quark properties using ttˉt{\bar t} events produced in proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider with centre of mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV and detected by the ATLAS experiment are presented. These results include top quark mass, the top and anti-top mass difference, the electric charge, the top quark polarization and spin correlation, the ttˉt{\bar t} charge asymmetry and the search for flavour changing neutral currents.Comment: 6 pages. Proceedings of presentation at the The Second Annual Conference on Large Hadron Collider Physics, Columbia University, New York, U.S.A, June 2-7, 2014, On behalf of the ATLAS Collaboratio

    Observation of Microlensing towards the Galactic Spiral Arms. EROS II 2 year survey

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    We present the analysis of the light curves of 8.5 million stars observed during two seasons by EROS (Experience de Recherche d'Objets Sombres), in the galactic plane away from the bulge. Three stars have been found that exhibit luminosity variations compatible with gravitational microlensing effects due to unseen objects. The corresponding optical depth, averaged over four directions, is 0.38 (+0.53, -0.15) 10^{-6}. All three candidates have long Einstein radius crossing times (∌\sim 70 to 100 days). For one of them, the lack of evidence for a parallax or a source size effect enabled us to constrain the lens-source % geometric configuration. Another candidate displays a modulation of the magnification, which is compatible with the lensing of a binary source. The interpretation of the optical depths inferred from these observations is hindered by the imperfect knowledge of the distance to the target stars. Our measurements are compatible with expectations from simple galactic models under reasonable assumptions on the target distances.Comment: 11 pages, 13 figures, accepted by A&A in Aug 9

    B-physics overview in ATLAS

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    An overview of the ATLAS B-physics trigger and offline performance studies are p resented. From the initial running at low luminosity at LHC, high-statistics B a nalyses will allow sensitive tests of possible new physics contributions by sear ching for additional CP violating effects and for anomalous rates of rare B-deca y channels. In the physics of the Bs0B^{0}_{s} meson system the expected sensitiv ity to mass and width differences are compared to recent measurements done at th e Tevatron. There is also sensitivity to a weak mixing phase beyond the Standard Model expectation. ATLAS will also be able to access rare B decays using the high luminosity running

    RETROCAM: A Versatile Optical Imager for Synoptic Studies

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    We present RETROCAM, an auxiliary CCD camera that can be rapidly inserted into the optical beam of the MDM 2.4m telescope. The speed and ease of reconfiguring the telescope to use the imager and a straightforward user interface permit the camera to be used during the course of other observing programs. This in turn encourages RETROCAM's use for a variety of monitoring projects.Comment: 6 pages, 6 figures, Accepted by A

    Observation of periodic variable stars towards the galactic spiral arms by EROS II

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    We present the results of a massive variability search based on a photometric survey of a six square degree region along the Galactic plane at (l=305∘l = 305^\circ, b=−0.8∘b = -0.8^\circ) and (l=330∘l = 330^\circ, b=−2.5∘b = -2.5^\circ). This survey was performed in the framework of the EROS II (Exp\'erience de Recherche d'Objets Sombres) microlensing program. The variable stars were found among 1,913,576 stars that were monitored between April and June 1998 in two passbands, with an average of 60 measurements. A new period-search technique is proposed which makes use of a statistical variable that characterizes the overall regularity of the flux versus phase diagram. This method is well suited when the photometric data are unevenly distributed in time, as is our case. 1,362 objects whose luminosity varies were selected. Among them we identified 9 Cepheids, 19 RR Lyrae, 34 Miras, 176 eclipsing binaries and 266 Semi-Regular stars. Most of them are newly identified objects. The cross-identification with known catalogues has been performed. The mean distance of the RR Lyrae is estimated to be ∌4.9±0.3\sim 4.9 \pm 0.3 kpc undergoing an average absorption of ∌3.4±0.2\sim 3.4 \pm 0.2 magnitudes. This distance is in good agreement with the one of disc stars which contribute to the microlensing source star population.Our catalogue and light curves are available electronically from the CDS, Strasbourg and from our Web site http://eros.in2p3.fr.Comment: 15 pages, 11 figures, accepted in A&A (april 2002

    Characterization of Gravitational Microlensing Planetary Host Stars

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    The gravitational microlensing light curves that reveal the presence of extrasolar planets generally yield the planet-star mass ratio and separation in units of the Einstein ring radius. The microlensing method does not require the detection of light from the planetary host star. This allows the detection of planets orbiting very faint stars, but it also makes it difficult to convert the planet-star mass ratio to a value for the planet mass. We show that in many cases, the lens stars are readily detectable with high resolution space-based follow-up observations in a single passband. When the lens star is detected, the lens-source relative proper motion can also be measured, and this allows the masses of the planet and its host star to be determined and the star-planet separation can be converted to physical units. Observations in multiple passbands provide redundant information, which can be used to confirm this interpretation. For the recently detected super-Earth planet, OGLE-2005-BLG-169Lb, we show that the lens star will definitely be detectable with observations by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) unless it is a stellar remnant. Finally, we show that most planets detected by a space-based microlensing survey are likely to orbit host stars that will be detected and characterized by the same survey.Comment: accepted for publication in ApJ, May 10, 200

    Improving the Prospects for Detecting Extrasolar Planets in Gravitational Microlensing in 2002

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    Gravitational microlensing events of high magnification have been shown to be promising targets for detecting extrasolar planets. However, only a few events of high magnification have been found using conventional survey techniques. Here we demonstrate that high magnification events can be readily found in microlensing surveys using a strategy that combines high frequency sampling of target fields with online difference imaging analysis. We present 10 microlensing events with peak magnifications greater than 40 that were detected in real-time towards the Galactic Bulge during 2001 by MOA. We show that Earth mass planets can be detected in future events such as these through intensive follow-up observations around the event peaks. We report this result with urgency as a similar number of such events are expected in 2002.Comment: 11 pages, 3 embedded ps figures including 2 colour, revised version accepted by MNRA

    Discovery of a peculiar Cepheid-like star towards the northern edge of the Small Magellanic Cloud

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    For seven years, the EROS-2 project obtained a mass of photometric data on variable stars. We present a peculiar Cepheid-like star, in the direction of the Small Magellanic Cloud, which demonstrates unusual photometric behaviour over a short time interval. We report on data of the photometry acquired by the MARLY telescope and spectroscopy from the EFOSC instrument for this star, called EROS2 J005135-714459(sm0060n13842), which resembles the unusual Cepheid HR 7308. The light curve of our target is analysed using the Analysis of Variance method to determine a pulsational period of 5.5675 days. A fit of time-dependent Fourier coefficients is performed and a search for proper motion is conducted. The light curve exhibits a previously unobserved and spectacular change in both mean magnitude and amplitude, which has no clear theoretical explanation. Our analysis of the spectrum implies a radial velocity of 104 km s−1^{-1} and a metallicity of -0.4±\pm0.2 dex. In the direction of right ascension, we measure a proper motion of 17.4±\pm6.0 mas yr−1^{-1} using EROS astrometry, which is compatible with data from the NOMAD catalogue. The nature of EROS2 J005135-714459(sm0060n13842) remains unclear. For this star, we may have detected a non-zero proper motion for this star, which would imply that it is a foreground object. Its radial velocity, pulsational characteristics, and photometric data, however, suggest that it is instead a Cepheid-like object located in the SMC. In such a case, it would present a challenge to conventional Cepheid models.Comment: Correction of typos in the abstrac

    The Wendelstein Calar Alto Pixellensing Project(WeCAPP): First MACHO Candidates

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    We report the detection of the first 2 microlensing candidates from the Wendelstein Calar Alto Pixellensing Project (WeCAPP). Both are detected with a high signal-to-noise-ratio and were filtered out from 4.5 mill. pixel light curves using a variety of selection criteria. Here we only consider well-sampled events with timescales of 1 d < t_fwhm < 20 d, high amplitude, and low chi^2 of the microlensing fit. The two-color photometry (R,I) shows that the events are achromatic and that giant stars with colors of (R-I) ~ 1.1 mag in the bulge of M31 have been lensed. The magnification factors are 64 and 10 which are obtained for typical giant luminosities of M_I = -2.5 mag. Both lensing events lasted for only a few days (t_fwhm^GL1 = 1.7 d and t_fwhm^GL2 = 5.4 d). The event GL1 is likely identical with PA-00-S3 reported by the POINT-AGAPE project. Our calculations favor in both cases the possibility that MACHOs in the halo of M31 caused the lensing events. The most probable masses, 0.08 M_sun for GL1 and 0.02 M_sun for GL2, are in the range of the brown dwarf limit of hydrogen burning. Solar mass objects are a factor of two less likely.Comment: Accepted for publication in ApJ Letters (28 Oct 2003), 4 pages, 2 color figures, uses emulateapj styl

    MACHO 96-LMC-2: Lensing of a Binary Source in the LMC and Constraints on the Lensing Object

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    We present photometry and analysis of the microlensing alert MACHO 96-LMC-2. The ~3% photometry provided by the Global Microlensing Alert Network follow--up effort reveals a periodic modulation in the lightcurve. We attribute this to binarity of the lensed source. Microlensing fits to a rotating binary source magnified by a single lens converge on two minima, separated by delta chi^2 ~ 1. The most significant fit X1 predicts a primary which contributes ~100% of the light, a dark secondary, and an orbital period (T) of 9.2 days. The second fit X2 yields a binary source with two stars of roughly equal mass and luminosity, and T = 21.2 days. The lensed object appears to lie on the upper LMC main sequence. We estimate the mass of the primary component of the binary system, M ~2 M_sun. For the preferred model X1, we explore the range of dark companions by assuming 0.1 M_sun and 1.4 M_sun objects in models X1a and X1b, respectively. We find lens velocities projected to the LMC in these models of v^hat_X1a = 18.3 +/- 3.1 km/s and v^hat_X1b = 188 +/- 32 k/ms. In both these cases, a likelihood analysis suggests an LMC lens is preferred over a Galactic halo lens, although only marginally so in model X1b. We also find v^hat_X2 = 39.6 +/- 6.1 k/ms, where the likelihood for the lens location is strongly dominated by the LMC disk. In all cases, the lens mass is consistent with that of an M-dwarf. The LMC self-lensing rate contributed by 96-LMC-2 is consistent with model self-lensing rates. (Abridged)Comment: 23 pages, including 3 tables and 6 figures; Accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journa
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