2,659 research outputs found

    Single superpartner production at Tevatron Run II

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    We study the single productions of supersymmetric particles at Tevatron Run II which occur in the 22body2 \to 2-body processes involving R-parity violating couplings of type \l'_{ijk} L_i Q_j D_k^c. We focus on the single gaugino productions which receive contributions from the resonant slepton productions. We first calculate the amplitudes of the single gaugino productions. Then we perform analyses of the single gaugino productions based on the three charged leptons and like sign dilepton signatures. These analyses allow to probe supersymmetric particles masses beyond the present experimental limits, and many of the \l'_{ijk} coupling constants down to values smaller than the low-energy bounds. Finally, we show that the studies of the single gaugino productions offer the opportunity to reconstruct the χ~10\tilde \chi^0_1, χ~1±\tilde \chi^{\pm}_1, ν~L\tilde \nu_L and l~L±\tilde l^{\pm}_L masses with a good accuracy in a model independent way.Comment: 47 pages, epsfi

    Soft Gluon Resummation Effects in Single Slepton Production at Hadron Colliders

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    We investigate QCD effects in the production of a single slepton at hadron colliders in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model without R-parity. We calculate the total cross sections and the transverse momentum distributions at next-to-leading order in QCD. The NLO corrections enhance the total cross sections and decrease the dependence of the total cross sections on the factorization and renormalization scales. For the differential cross sections, we resum all order soft gluon effects to give reliable predictions for the transverse momentum distributions. We also compare two approaches to the non-perturbative parametrization and found that the results are slightly different at the Tevatron and are in good agreement at the LHC. Our results can be useful to the simulation of the events and to the future collider experiments.Comment: 26 pages, 12 figures, RevTeX4; Minor changes; Version to appear in PR

    Top quark anomalous couplings at the high-luminosity phase of the LHC

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    The combination of the latest and most precise measurements of several top quark properties is presented in this paper in order to establish allowed regions on anomalous contributions to the Lorentz structure of the Wtb vertex. These measurements include single top production cross-sections, W boson helicity fractions and forward–backward asymmetries, both at Tevatron and at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), up to a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The results obtained at 95% Confidence Level (CL) for the top quark anomalous couplings are compared with the limits extracted from a combination that includes the expected measurements at the future High-Luminosity run of the LHC.The authors would like to thank the Center for The-oretical Physics of the Physics Department at the NewYork City College of Technology, City University of New York, for providing computing power from their High-Performance Computing Cluster. This work was sup-ported by the PSC-CUNY Award 61085-00 49 and by the contract SFRH/BSAB/139747/2018 from Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT).info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    New limits on anomalous contributions to the Wtb vertex

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    The authors would like to thank the Center for Theoretical Physics of the Physics Department at the New York City College of Technology, for providing computing power from their High-Performance Computing Cluster. The work of M.C.N. Fiolhais was supported by FCT Grant No. SFRH/BPD/100379/2014. The work of C. M. Pease was partly supported by Macaulay Honors College. The authors would also like to thank Juan Antonio Aguilar-Saavedra and Nuno F. Castro for a long time collaboration.The latest and most precise top quark measurements at the LHC and Tevatron are used to establish new limits on the Wtb vertex. Recent results on the measurements of the W-boson helicity fractions and single top quark production cross section are combined in order to establish new limits at 95% CL (confidence level). The allowed regions for these limits are presented, for the first time, in three-dimensional graphics, for both real and imaginary components of the different anomalous couplings, providing a new perspective on the impact of the combination of different physics observables. These results are also combined with the prospected future measurement of the single top quark production cross section and W-boson helicity fractions at the LHC.The authors would like to thank the Center for Theoretical Physics of the Physics Department at the New York City College of Technology, for providing computing power from their High-Performance Computing Cluster. The work of M.C.N. Fiolhais was supported by FCT Grant No. SFRH/BPD/100379/2014. TheworkofC.M.PeasewaspartlysupportedbyMacaulay Honors College. The authors would also like to thank Juan Antonio Aguilar-Saavedra and Nuno F. Castro for a long time collaboration

    Precision measurements of the top quark mass from the Tevatron in the pre-LHC era

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    The top quark is the heaviest of the six quarks of the Standard Model. Precise knowledge of its mass is important for imposing constraints on a number of physics processes, including interactions of the as yet unobserved Higgs boson. The Higgs boson is the only missing particle of the Standard Model, central to the electroweak symmetry breaking mechanism and generation of particle masses. In this Review, experimental measurements of the top quark mass accomplished at the Tevatron, a proton-antiproton collider located at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, are described. Topologies of top quark events and methods used to separate signal events from background sources are discussed. Data analysis techniques used to extract information about the top mass value are reviewed. The combination of several most precise measurements performed with the two Tevatron particle detectors, CDF and \D0, yields a value of \Mt = 173.2 \pm 0.9 GeV/c2c^2.Comment: This version contains the most up-to-date top quark mass averag

    Measurement of the cross-section and charge asymmetry of WW bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at s=8\sqrt{s}=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    This paper presents measurements of the W+μ+νW^+ \rightarrow \mu^+\nu and WμνW^- \rightarrow \mu^-\nu cross-sections and the associated charge asymmetry as a function of the absolute pseudorapidity of the decay muon. The data were collected in proton--proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 20.2~\mbox{fb^{-1}}. The precision of the cross-section measurements varies between 0.8% to 1.5% as a function of the pseudorapidity, excluding the 1.9% uncertainty on the integrated luminosity. The charge asymmetry is measured with an uncertainty between 0.002 and 0.003. The results are compared with predictions based on next-to-next-to-leading-order calculations with various parton distribution functions and have the sensitivity to discriminate between them.Comment: 38 pages in total, author list starting page 22, 5 figures, 4 tables, submitted to EPJC. All figures including auxiliary figures are available at https://atlas.web.cern.ch/Atlas/GROUPS/PHYSICS/PAPERS/STDM-2017-13

    Search for chargino-neutralino production with mass splittings near the electroweak scale in three-lepton final states in √s=13 TeV pp collisions with the ATLAS detector