10,663 research outputs found

    News from the LHC

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    The LHC provided more than 2 fb−1 to the experiments by summer 2011 and allowed a wide physics reach. ATLAS and CMS performed several measurements, testing the Standard Model with a sensitivity which already challenges the theoretical calculations and putting strong constraints on the presence of New Physics and on the Higgs mass

    Turbo-coding and Bit-loading Algorithms for a HomePlug-like DMT PLC System

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    Lats2 promotes heart failure by stimulating p53-mediated apoptosis during pressure overload

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    The Hippo pathway plays a wide variety of roles in response to stress in the heart. Lats2, a component of the Hippo pathway, is phosphorylated by Mst1/2 and, in turn, phosphorylates YAP, causing inactivation of YAP. Lats2 stimulates apoptosis and negatively affects hypertrophy in cardiomyocytes. However, the role of Lats2 during cardiac stress is poorly understood in vivo. Lats2 is activated in the mouse heart in response to transverse aortic constriction (TAC). We used systemic Lats2 +/- mice to elucidate the role of endogenous Lats2. Cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction induced by 4 weeks of TAC were attenuated in Lats2 +/- mice, and interstitial fibrosis and apoptosis were suppressed. Although TAC upregulated the Bcl-2 family proapoptotic (Bax and Bak) and anti-apoptotic (Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL) molecules in non-transgenic mice, TAC-induced upregulation of Bax and Bak was alleviated and that of Bcl-2 was enhanced in Lats2 +/- mice. TAC upregulated p53, but this upregulation was abolished in Lats2 +/- mice. Lats2-induced increases in apoptosis and decreases in survival in cardiomyocytes were inhibited by Pifithrin-α, a p53 inhibitor, suggesting that Lats2 stimulates apoptosis via a p53-dependent mechanism. In summary, Lats2 is activated by pressure overload, thereby promoting heart failure by stimulating p53-dependent mechanisms of cell death

    Non cross-linked equine collagen (Salvecoll-E gel) for treatment of complex ano-rectal fistula

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    Summary: Background: Fistula-in-ano is one of the most commonly presenting anorectal diseases. Sphincter sparing treatment options should be considered in patients with complex fistulas. Salvecoll-E gel is a native collagen deantigenated and purified, non-cross-linked equine dermal extract, with an amino acid composition identical to human collagen. Methods: The multicentric trial study was a prospective, single-arm observational clinical study with the objective to assess the efficacy of Salvecoll-E gel for anal fistula repair in 70 patients. All patients had undergone preliminary surgical treatment consisting of positioning of a draining loosing seton that was maintained for a period of 4–6 weeks. After seton removal, a gentle debridement and washing of the fistula track was performed. The scar tissue was removed from the internal orifice. Internal opening was covered by a side-to side mucosal suture. Salvecoll-E was injected through the external opening into the fistula track, the external opening it has been opened. Results: Twelve months after surgery, 55 patients demonstrated a clinically healed fistula (78,5%), 15 patients have a recurrence (21,5%). Most of the recurrences were observed in the first 6 months of treatment (13/15, 86.6%). We don't observe any worsening in CCF score. The results obtained at 1 year certainly seem satisfactory and in line with the best results published in literature using mini-invasive techniques. Conclusion: Salvecoll-E gel is a promising non-invasive technique for conservative treatment of anal fistulas, it's well tolerated by the patients and, in case of recurrence, reinjection or all other known techniques are feasible. Keywords: Complex ano-rectal fistula, Non cutting technique, Mini-invasive treatmen

    Response of microchannel plates to single particles and to electromagnetic showers

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    We report on the response of microchannel plates (MCPs) to single relativistic particles and to electromagnetic showers. Particle detection by means of secondary emission of electrons at the MCP surface has long been proposed and is used extensively in ion time-of-flight mass spectrometers. What has not been investigated in depth is their use to detect the ionizing component of showers. The time resolution of MCPs exceeds anything that has been previously used in calorimeters and, if exploited effectively, could aid in the event reconstruction at high luminosity colliders. Several prototypes of photodetectors with the amplification stage based on MCPs were exposed to cosmic rays and to 491 MeV electrons at the INFN-LNF Beam-Test Facility. The time resolution and the efficiency of the MCPs are measured as a function of the particle multiplicity, and the results used to model the response to high-energy showers.Comment: Paper submitted to NIM
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