9,694 research outputs found

    Mapping the train model for earthquakes onto the stochastic sandpile model

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    We perform a computational study of a variant of the ``train'' model for earthquakes [PRA 46, 6288 (1992)], where we assume a static friction that is a stochastic function of position rather than being velocity dependent. The model consists of an array of blocks coupled by springs, with the forces between neighbouring blocks balanced by static friction. We calculate the probability, P(s), of the occurrence of avalanches with a size s or greater, finding that our results are consistent with the phenomenology and also with previous models which exhibit a power law over a wide range. We show that the train model may be mapped onto a stochastic sandpile model and study a variant of the latter for non-spherical grains. We show that, in this case, the model has critical behaviour only for grains with large aspect ratio, as was already shown in experiments with real ricepiles. We also demonstrate a way to introduce randomness in a physically motivated manner into the model.Comment: 14 pages and 6 figures. Accepted in European Physical Journal

    Lattice Simulation of Nuclear Multifragmentation

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    Motivated by the decade-long debate over the issue of criticality supposedly observed in nuclear multifragmentation, we propose a dynamical lattice model to simulate the phenomenon. Its Ising Hamiltonian mimics a short range attractive interaction which competes with a thermal-like dissipative process. The results here presented, generated through an event-by-event analysis, are in agreement with both experiment and those produced by a percolative (non-dynamical) model.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figure

    Monte Carlo Simulations for the Slow Relaxations of Crumpled Surfaces

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    In this paper we study crumpled surfaces through Monte Carlo Simulations. The crumpled surface is represented by a cluster of spins pointing up and spins pointing down represent the air both inside and around the surface. We follow the time dynamics of this fractal structure and we have shown that it presents a stretched exponential behaviour