314 research outputs found

    Leptonic Decays at BABAR

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    We present recent results on leptonic B decays using data collected by the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. We report searches for the B -> tau nu decay, based on two statistically independent data samples.Comment: 4 pages, 3 eps figures, Submitted for the SUSY07 proceeding

    Assessment of congenital coronary artery fistulas by transesophageal color Doppler echocardiography

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    PURPOSE: Coronary angiography is the gold standard for imaging the coronary tree, but the relation of coronary artery fistulas to other structures, and their origin and course, may not be apparent. We evaluated the ability of multiplane color Doppler transesophageal echocardiography to identify coronary fistulas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with angiographically confirmed coronary artery fistulas were investigated by transesophageal echocardiography in four Italian hospitals between January 1997 and May 2001. RESULTS: Transesophageal echocardiography correctly diagnosed fistulous connection in all 21 patients. This included 6 patients with connections from the left circumflex artery (into the right chambers of the heart in 5 patients, and into the left ventricle in 1 patient), 10 patients with a fistula arising from the left anterior descending artery or left main coronary artery (with drainage into the right ventricle or main pulmonary artery), and 5 patients with a fistula from the right coronary artery (with drainage sites in the lateral aspect of the right ventricle, the low posterior right atrium, or the superior vena cava). In 4 of the 21 patients, angiography did not identify the precise site of a fistula into the coronary sinus or right ventricle. CONCLUSION: Color Doppler transesophageal echocardiography is useful in the diagnosis and in the precise localization of coronary artery fistulas

    Standard model anomalies: Lepton flavour non-universality and lepton g-2

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    We critically analyze the body of results that hints to the existence of New Physics from possible violations of lepton universality observed by the LHCb experiment in the μ/e\mu/e ratios RKR_{K} and RK∗R_{K^*} to the g−2g-2 lepton anomalies. The analysis begins with a theoretical, in depth, study of the μ/e\mu/e ratios RKR_{K} and RK∗R_{K^*} as well as the process Bs→μ+μ−B_s \rightarrow \mu^+ \mu^-. Here we consider the impact of complex Wilson coefficients and derive constraints on their imaginary and real parts. We then move to a comprehensive comparison with experimental results. We show that, by fitting a single Wilson coefficient, the deviations from the Standard Model are at the 4.7σ4.7\sigma level when including only the hadronic insensitive observables while it increases to 6.1σ6.1\sigma when including also the hadronic sensitive ones. When switching on all relevant Wilson coefficients and combining both hadronic sensitive and insensitive data into the fit, the deviation from the Standard Model peaks at 7.2σ\sigma and decreases at the 4.9σ4.9\sigma level if we assume that the central values of RKR_K and RK∗R_K^{\ast} are taken to be unity. We further estimate the non-perturbative long distance hadronic contributions and show that their inclusion still requires New Physics to fit the data. We then introduce the g−2g-2 lepton anomalies results. Different theoretical models are considered that can explain the discrepancies from the Standard Model. In the final part of our work we estimate the impact of the forthcoming data from LHCb (coming from LHC Run3) and Belle II, when it will have accumulated about 5 ab−15~ab^{-1}

    Design of 2D chitosan scaffolds via electrochemical structuring

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    Chitosan (CS) is a versatile biopolymer whose morphological and chemico-physical properties can be designed for a variety of biomedical applications. Taking advantage of its electrolytic nature, cathodic polarization allows CS deposition on electrically conductive substrates, resulting in thin porous structures with tunable morphology. Here we propose an easy method to obtain CS membranes with highly oriented micro-channels for tissue engineering applications, relying on simple control of process parameters and cathodic substrate geometry. Cathodic deposition was performed on two different aluminum grids in galvanostatic conditions at 6.25 mA cm(-2) from CS solution [1g L(-1)] in acetic acid (pH 3.5). Self-standing thin scaffolds were cross linked either with genipin or epichlorohydrin, weighted, and observed by optical and electron microscopy. Swelling properties at pH 5 and pH 7.4 have been also investigated and tensile tests performed on swollen samples at room temperature. Finally, direct and indirect assays have been performed to evaluate the cytotoxicity at 24 and 72 h. Thin scaffolds with two different oriented porosities (1000 m and 500 m) have been successfully fabricated by electrochemical techniques. Both cross-linking agents did not affected the mechanical properties and cytocompatibility of the resulting structures. Depending on the pH, these structures show interesting swelling properties that can be exploited for drug delivery systems. Moreover, thanks to the possibility of controlling the porosity and the micro-channel orientation, they should be used for the regeneration of tissues requiring a preferential cells orientation, e.g., cardiac patches or ligament regeneration

    Optimasi Portofolio Resiko Menggunakan Model Markowitz MVO Dikaitkan dengan Keterbatasan Manusia dalam Memprediksi Masa Depan dalam Perspektif Al-Qur`an

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    Risk portfolio on modern finance has become increasingly technical, requiring the use of sophisticated mathematical tools in both research and practice. Since companies cannot insure themselves completely against risk, as human incompetence in predicting the future precisely that written in Al-Quran surah Luqman verse 34, they have to manage it to yield an optimal portfolio. The objective here is to minimize the variance among all portfolios, or alternatively, to maximize expected return among all portfolios that has at least a certain expected return. Furthermore, this study focuses on optimizing risk portfolio so called Markowitz MVO (Mean-Variance Optimization). Some theoretical frameworks for analysis are arithmetic mean, geometric mean, variance, covariance, linear programming, and quadratic programming. Moreover, finding a minimum variance portfolio produces a convex quadratic programming, that is minimizing the objective function ðð¥with constraintsð ð 𥠥 ðandð´ð¥ = ð. The outcome of this research is the solution of optimal risk portofolio in some investments that could be finished smoothly using MATLAB R2007b software together with its graphic analysis

    Correction to: Two years later: Is the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic still having an impact on emergency surgery? An international cross-sectional survey among WSES members

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    Background: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is still ongoing and a major challenge for health care services worldwide. In the first WSES COVID-19 emergency surgery survey, a strong negative impact on emergency surgery (ES) had been described already early in the pandemic situation. However, the knowledge is limited about current effects of the pandemic on patient flow through emergency rooms, daily routine and decision making in ES as well as their changes over time during the last two pandemic years. This second WSES COVID-19 emergency surgery survey investigates the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on ES during the course of the pandemic. Methods: A web survey had been distributed to medical specialists in ES during a four-week period from January 2022, investigating the impact of the pandemic on patients and septic diseases both requiring ES, structural problems due to the pandemic and time-to-intervention in ES routine. Results: 367 collaborators from 59 countries responded to the survey. The majority indicated that the pandemic still significantly impacts on treatment and outcome of surgical emergency patients (83.1% and 78.5%, respectively). As reasons, the collaborators reported decreased case load in ES (44.7%), but patients presenting with more prolonged and severe diseases, especially concerning perforated appendicitis (62.1%) and diverticulitis (57.5%). Otherwise, approximately 50% of the participants still observe a delay in time-to-intervention in ES compared with the situation before the pandemic. Relevant causes leading to enlarged time-to-intervention in ES during the pandemic are persistent problems with in-hospital logistics, lacks in medical staff as well as operating room and intensive care capacities during the pandemic. This leads not only to the need for triage or transferring of ES patients to other hospitals, reported by 64.0% and 48.8% of the collaborators, respectively, but also to paradigm shifts in treatment modalities to non-operative approaches reported by 67.3% of the participants, especially in uncomplicated appendicitis, cholecystitis and multiple-recurrent diverticulitis. Conclusions: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic still significantly impacts on care and outcome of patients in ES. Well-known problems with in-hospital logistics are not sufficiently resolved by now; however, medical staff shortages and reduced capacities have been dramatically aggravated over last two pandemic years

    Search for supersymmetry in events with one lepton and multiple jets in proton-proton collisions at root s=13 TeV