185 research outputs found

    Questioning the Value of Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography for Residual Lesions After Chemotherapy for Metastatic Seminoma: Results of an International Global Germ Cell Cancer Group Registry

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    Purpose Residual lesions after chemotherapy are frequent in metastatic seminoma. Watchful waiting is recommended for lesions < 3 cm as well as for fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)-negative lesions ≥ 3 cm. Information on the optimal management of PET-positive residual lesions ≥ 3 cm is lacking. Patients and Methods We retrospectively identified 90 patients with metastatic seminoma with PET-positive residual lesions after chemotherapy. Patients with elevated α-fetoprotein or nonseminomatous histology were excluded. We analyzed the post-PET management and its impact on relapse and survival and calculated the positive predictive value (PPV) for PET. Results Median follow-up time was 29 months (interquartile range [IQR], 10 to 62 months). Median diameter of the largest residual mass was 4.9 cm (range, 1.1 to 14 cm), with masses located in the retroperitoneum (77%), pelvis (16%), mediastinum (17%), and/or lung (3%). Median time from the last day of chemotherapy to PET was 6.9 weeks (IQR, 4.4 to 9.9 weeks). Post-PET management included repeated imaging in 51 patients (57%), resection in 26 patients (29%), biopsy in nine patients (10%) and radiotherapy in four patients (4%). Histology of the resected specimen was necrosis in 21 patients (81%) and vital seminoma in five patients (19%). No biopsy revealed vital seminoma. Relapse or progression occurred in 15 patients (17%) after a median of 3.7 months (IQR, 2.5 to 4.9 months) and was found in 11 (22%) of 51 patients on repeated imaging, in two (8%) of 26 patients after resection, and in two (22%) of nine patients after biopsy. All but one patient who experienced relapse were successfully treated with salvage therapy. The PPV for FDG-PET was 23%. Conclusion FDG-PET has a low PPV for vital tumor in residual lesions after chemotherapy in patients with metastatic seminoma. This cautions against clinical decisions based on PET positivity alone

    Prognostic value of normal sodium levels in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitors

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    Background: Although serum sodium concentration, particularly hyponatremia, has been shown to be a prognostic marker of survival in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), the impact of normal sodium levels has not been investigated. Herein, we investigate the influence of normonatremia in mRCC patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Materials and methods: For this retrospective study, the clinical and biochemical data of patients treated with first-line TKIs for mRCC were available from seven Italian cancer centers. We collected natremia levels at baseline and first evaluation after treatment excluding patients with sodium levels outside the normal range (&lt;135 or &gt;145 mEq/L). The remaining patients were subdivided into two groups according to the median sodium value: natremia patients with &lt;140 mEq/L (n = 132) and baseline natremia patients with ≥140 mEq/L (n = 185). Subsequently, we analyzed the impact of sodium levels on response rate (RR), disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). PFS and OS were estimated through the Kaplan–Meier method, and differences between groups were examined by the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were applied to evaluate the prognostic factors for PFS and OS. Results: Of the 368 patients, 317 were included in the analysis, 73.1% were men, and the median age was 67 years (range 36–89). When comparing patients with baseline natremia ≥140 mEq/L (n = 185) to patients with natremia &lt;140 mEq/L (n = 132), the PFS was 15 vs. 10 months (p &lt; 0.01) and the OS was 63 vs. 36 months, respectively (p = 0.02). On the first evaluation, patients with serum sodium ≥140 mEq/L had longer PFS (15 vs. 10 months, p &lt; 0.01) and OS (70 vs. 32 months, p &lt; 0.01) than patients with levels &lt;140 mEq/L. Moreover, clinical outcomes showed a significant improvement in patients with natremia ≥140 mEq/L compared with patients with levels &lt;140 mEq/L both at baseline and first evaluation: PFS was 19 vs. 11 months (p &lt; 0.01) and OS was 70 vs. 36 months (p &lt; 0.01), respectively. Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the impact of normonatremia in mRCC. We found that serum sodium levels &lt;140 mEq/L at baseline and first assessment are independently associated with worse PFS and OS in mRCC patients treated with TKIs in the first-line setting

    Application of the Meet-URO score to metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients treated with second- and third-line cabozantinib

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    open18Background: The addition of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and bone metastases to the International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium (IMDC) score (by the Meet-URO score) has been shown to better stratify pretreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients receiving nivolumab. This study aimed to validate the Meet-URO score in patients receiving cabozantinib to assess its predictivity and prognostic role. Methods: A multicenter retrospective analysis evaluated mRCC patients receiving ⩾second-line cabozantinib. NLR, IMDC score and bone metastases were assessed before the start of cabozantinib. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Harrell's c-index was calculated to compare the accuracy of the prediction of the two scores. Results: Overall, 174 mRCC patients received cabozantinib as second and third line (51.7% and 48.3%, respectively) with a median follow-up of 6.8 months. A shorter median overall survival (mOS) was observed for the IMDC poor-risk group, NLR ⩾3.2 and the presence of bone metastases, while the IMDC intermediate-risk group had a similar mOS to the favourable-risk one. Applying the Meet-URO score, three risk groups were identified: group 1 (55.2% of patients) with a score of 0-3, group 2 (38.5%) with a score of 4-8 and group 3 (6.3%) with a score of 9. Compared to group 1 (mOS: 39.4 months), a statistically significant worse mOS was observed in group 2 (11.2 months) and group 3 (3.2 months) patients, respectively. The Meet-URO c-index score was 0.640, showing a higher discriminative ability than the IMDC score (c-index: 0.568). Conclusion: This analysis showed that the Meet-URO score provides a more accurate prognostic stratification than the IMDC score in mRCC patients treated with ⩾second-line cabozantinib besides nivolumab. Moreover, it is an easy-to-use tool with no additional costs for clinical practice (web-calculator is available at: https://proviso.shinyapps.io/Meet-URO15_score/). Future investigations will include the application of the Meet-URO score to the first-line immunotherapy-based combination therapies.openRebuzzi, Sara Elena; Cerbone, Luigi; Signori, Alessio; Santoni, Matteo; Murianni, Veronica; De Giorgi, Ugo; Procopio, Giuseppe; Porta, Camillo; Milella, Michele; Basso, Umberto; Massari, Francesco; Maruzzo, Marco; Iacovelli, Roberto; Battelli, Nicola; Carmisciano, Luca; Banna, Giuseppe Luigi; Buti, Sebastiano; Fornarini, GiuseppeRebuzzi, Sara Elena; Cerbone, Luigi; Signori, Alessio; Santoni, Matteo; Murianni, Veronica; De Giorgi, Ugo; Procopio, Giuseppe; Porta, Camillo; Milella, Michele; Basso, Umberto; Massari, Francesco; Maruzzo, Marco; Iacovelli, Roberto; Battelli, Nicola; Carmisciano, Luca; Banna, Giuseppe Luigi; Buti, Sebastiano; Fornarini, Giusepp
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