484 research outputs found

    Open Educational Resources (OER) Project, Fall 2016 Final Dissemination Assessment Report

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    ASSESSMENTS TARGETED FOUR CENTRAL AREAS: 1. Textbook Cost Savings 2. Student Perceptions of the OER Materials 3. Student Learning Outcomes 4. Faculty Perceptions of the OER Material

    The Unmet Need for Care: Vulnerability Among Older Adults

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    In this brief, authors Rebecca Glauber and Melissa Day explore factors that exacerbate the unmet need for care among the noninstitutionalized older population and seek to deter­mine who is likely to need care but go without. They find that unmarried individuals and those who live alone are more likely than others to need care but not receive it. These older adults are frail, have difficulty meet­ing their daily needs, and do not have family members or friends to whom to turn in times of need. This group of vulnerable older adults requires an array of social supports

    WHAT STEPMOTHERS CAN TEACH US ABOUT CONTEMPORARY FAMILY LIFE, THE INSTITUTION OF MOTHERHOOD, AND THE REPRODUCTION OF GENDER INEQUALITY

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    A substantial amount of scholarly attention has been dedicated to understanding changes in the institution of family and, within the context of these changes, how the institution of motherhood continues to play a central role in reproducing gender inequalities for women in society. Through two distinct, but interrelated papers, this dissertation examines stepmothers’ experiences in the family with the goal of expanding our understanding of the reach of the institution of motherhood into the lives of all women. The first paper draws on 33 semi- structured, in-depth interviews with stepmothers. From these data, my findings are two-fold. First, I find that stepmothers’ abilities to enact facets of motherhood they identify as central to what it means to be a good (step)mother are patterned by the residential status arrangements of their stepfamilies, which are more diverse than previous research with stepmothers shows. Second, despite variation in the extent to which they can enact various facets of motherhood, stepmothers across residential status categories share the sentiment that lack of a biological bond with stepchildren is a defining feature of their role as a stepmother. This is a compelling finding because, in practice, it affirms there is a hierarchy within our socially constructed understanding of motherhood, rooted in essentialism, where even in the most extreme cases when stepmothers are doing all the work of mothering in their stepfamilies, they are not afforded the privileged status of being considered a mother in the family system. This holds true even in the complete absence of biological mothers from the stepfamily system. To reconcile this mismatch between role performance and status attribution, stepmothers embrace narratives of differentiation and deference as they enact their roles, but still ultimately model their stepmothering from dominant cultural expectations about what good mothering is. The exception to this pattern is revealed in rare cases in the sample where biological mothers have ceded their privileged social status in the family system, in turn, making room for others to assume the status of mother. For the second paper, I draw on ethnographic data gleaned from 57 hours of participant observation at Christian ministry seminars for stepmothers. I attended these weekend-long seminars for three consecutive years. I find that these seminars construct a foundation for stepmother attendees to build a unique therapeutic community; a rare opportunity for women who find themselves marginalized from other mother- and parent-centered spaces because of their stigmatized identity. In their programming efforts, the seminar leaders construct and share a therapeutic tool-kit, comprised of both secular and religious resources, for stepmothers to use as they navigate the ambiguous work of stepmothering. Embedded in this unique tool-kit is a typology of gendered emotion work stepmothers are encouraged to do – self-work, (re)marriage work, and (step)family work. Previous research shows that gendered emotion work plays a key role in the reproduction of gender inequalities in society; how this applies to stepmothers has not been explored in the literature. Overall, this dissertation adds to an existing literature, albeit in new ways, regarding how even in the face of societal progress and change, flexible ideologies about gender and motherhood are a powerful, enduring ideological force

    The Unmet Need for Care

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    Many older adults need care but do not receive it. Often frail from chronic conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, or arthritis, some need help bathing, dressing, or eating, while others need help taking medications, shopping for groceries, or preparing food. Although many older adults receive help from children, spouses, neighbors, or paid home health care providers, others have few people to whom to turn in times of need.A recent study described Monica, an older woman who lives alone and suffers from decreased mobility, painful arthritis, and fatigue. She says: "Because of my breathlessness, I can't walk any great distances. I'm slower these days. I've got a walking stick now but it's hard to manage a walking stick sometimes. It's difficult getting groceries into my house, carrying the groceries up the stairs—I have to make several trips. I can't carry too many at a time now. But I haven't really got anybody that I could ring up and ask them to come. That's where perhaps I feel isolated." Bette, a married woman who cares for herself and her increasingly disabled husband, experienced acute back pain over a recent long weekend, and spent days waiting for an appointment with her primary care physician so that she did not have to go to the emergency room and leave her husband alone. She says: "I was writing something and the phone rang and I tried to get off the chair and I couldn't. The pain was excruciating and I couldn't get to the phone. I couldn't get off the chair. We couldn't get medical attention unless I went to the hospital. It was the May Day long weekend." Bette spent the entire three days in pain

    UVM Tobacco Use and Attitudes After Implementation of a Tobacco-Free Policy

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    Introduction: Widespread public health initiatives have led to falling smoking rates. Currently, 1,620 U.S. colleges have adopted smoke-free policies. In August 2015, the University of Vermont (UVM) adopted a tobacco-free policy that bans all forms of tobacco use on university property. The purpose of this study was to compare tobacco use and attitudes before and after policy implementation.https://scholarworks.uvm.edu/comphp_gallery/1230/thumbnail.jp

    Using a Daily Diary Approach to Understand the Psychological Experiences of Making Weight

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    Making weight refers to the process of reducing body weight to compete in weight-categorized sports. The current study explored judo athletes’ psychological experiences of making weight. Six international standard judo athletes participated for the length of time they required to make weight. An unstructured diary was used to collect data daily, supported by a follow-up interview. Data were analyzed using a holistic content analysis. Emergent themes included initiating the making weight process, competing demands of dual roles, temptation, impacts of restricted nutrition, and the desire for social support. Athlete stories provided rich descriptions of their experiences, revealing the extent to which difficulties were concealed and the process of making weight was normalized. Their accounts highlight the challenges associated with social support but the value of emotional disclosure. Future research should explore the potential uses of diaries as a form of disclosure

    Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for headache pain: an evaluation of the long-term maintenance of effects

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    Objectives This study aimed to examine the durability of gain patterns following an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) for headache pain program. Design A secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial was conducted. Participants (N\ua0=\ua019) were individuals with headache pain who completed both the MBCT program as well as a 6-month follow-up assessment at a headache clinic or a university psychology clinic. Standardized measures of the primary outcomes (pain intensity and pain interference) and secondary outcomes (pain catastrophizing, mindfulness, activity engagement, pain willingness, and self-efficacy) were administered. Paired-samples t tests and effect sizes were examined. Results Significant (uncorrected ps\ua

    Living with limb loss: Everyday experiences of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ days in people with lower limb amputation

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    Purpose: To provide an understanding of the everyday experiences of individuals with a limb amputation. Method: Twenty-two participants (14 female, 8 male) with a mean-age of 42 years (SD = 10 years) were recruited to take part in two focus groups. The participants reported a range of lower-limb amputations (i.e., congenital, acquired, transfemoral, trantibial, unilateral, and bilateral) and on average were 5 years post-surgery (SD = 7 years). Each focus group comprised of 11 participants and was moderated by either the first or second author. The moderator asked participants to discuss their everyday experiences of life with an amputation using Charmaz’s good day/bad day approach. Focus groups were transcribed verbatim and analysed using an inductive thematic analysis. Results: Four themes were identified: pain, organization and planning, the embodied experience after amputation, and interactions with others. Conclusions: These themes provide a key resource for understanding daily fluctuations in physical, social, and psychological functioning
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