16,352 research outputs found

    Determining the inelastic proton-proton cross section at the Large Hadron Collider using minimum bias events

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    Described in this paper is a new method for determining the non-diffractive part of the inelastic proton-proton cross section, at the LHC centre of mass energy of 14TeV. The method is based on counting the number of inelastic proton-proton interactions in the collision regions. According to preliminary investigation, this measurement will be best suited for the initial low luminosity phase of the LHC. The dominant uncertainty on this measurement comes from knowledge of the proton-proton luminosity

    Singlet Model Interference Effects with High Scale UV Physics

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    One of the simplest extensions of the Standard Model (SM) is the addition of a scalar gauge singlet, S. If S is not forbidden by a symmetry from mixing with the Standard Model Higgs boson, the mixing will generate non-SM rates for Higgs production and decays. In general, there could also be unknown high energy physics that generates additional effective low energy interactions. We show that interference effects between the scalar resonance of the singlet model and the effective field theory (EFT) operators can have significant effects in the Higgs sector. We examine a non-Z2Z_2 symmetric scalar singlet model and demonstrate that a fit to the 125 GeV Higgs boson couplings and to limits on high mass resonances, S, exhibit an interesting structure and possible large cancellations of effects between the resonance contribution and the new EFT interactions, that invalidate conclusions based on the renormalizable singlet model alone.Comment: 18 pages, 7 figures; revised to emphasize the points of general interest for heavy resonance searches at the LH
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