50,652 research outputs found

    Ionization of hydrogen atoms by electron impact at 1eV, 0.5eV and 0.3eV above threshold

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    We present here triple differential cross sections for ionization of hydrogen atoms by electron impact at 1eV, 0.5eV and 0.3eV energy above threshold, calculated in the hyperspherical partial wave theory. The results are in very good agreement with the available semiclassical results of Deb and Crothers \cite{DC02} for these energies. With this, we are able to demonstrate that the hyperspherical partial wave theory yields good cross sections from 30 eV \cite{DPC03} down to near threshold for equal energy sharing kinematics.Comment: 6 pages, 9 figure

    Band-Structure Effects in the Spin Relaxation of Conduction Electrons

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    Spin relaxation of conduction electrons in metals is significantly influenced by the Fermi surface topology. Electrons near Brillouin zone boundaries, special symmetry points, or accidental degeneracy lines have spin flip rates much higher than an average electron. A realistic calculation and analytical estimates show that these regions dominate the spin relaxation, explaining why polyvalent metals have much higher spin relaxation rates (up to three orders of magnitude) than similar monovalent metals. This suggests that spin relaxation in metals can be tailored by band-structure modifications like doping, alloying, reducing the dimensionality, etc.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figures; to appear in the 43rd MMM Conference Proceedings published in the JA

    Driven Heisenberg Magnets: Nonequilibrium Criticality, Spatiotemporal Chaos and Control

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    We drive a dd-dimensional Heisenberg magnet using an anisotropic current. The continuum Langevin equation is analysed using a dynamical renormalization group and numerical simulations. We discover a rich steady-state phase diagram, including a critical point in a new nonequilibrium universality class, and a spatiotemporally chaotic phase. The latter may be `controlled' in a robust manner to target spatially periodic steady states with helical order.Comment: 7 pages, 2 figures. Published in Euro. Phys. Let

    Energy relaxation of an excited electron gas in quantum wires: many-body electron LO-phonon coupling

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    We theoretically study energy relaxation via LO-phonon emission in an excited one-dimensional electron gas confined in a GaAs quantum wire structure. We find that the inclusion of phonon renormalization effects in the theory extends the LO-phonon dominated loss regime down to substantially lower temperatures. We show that a simple plasmon-pole approximation works well for this problem, and discuss implications of our results for low temperature electron heating experiments in quantum wires.Comment: 10 pages, RevTex, 4 figures included. Also available at http://www-cmg.physics.umd.edu/~lzheng

    Dynamic Scaling in a 2+1 Dimensional Limited Mobility Model of Epitaxial Growth

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    We study statistical scale invariance and dynamic scaling in a simple solid-on-solid 2+1 - dimensional limited mobility discrete model of nonequilibrium surface growth, which we believe should describe the low temperature kinetic roughening properties of molecular beam epitaxy. The model exhibits long-lived ``transient'' anomalous and multiaffine dynamic scaling properties similar to that found in the corresponding 1+1 - dimensional problem. Using large-scale simulations we obtain the relevant scaling exponents, and compare with continuum theories.Comment: 5 pages, 4 ps figures included, RevTe

    Magnetic Percolation and the Phase Diagram of the Disordered RKKY model

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    We consider ferromagnetism in spatially randomly located magnetic moments, as in a diluted magnetic semiconductor, coupled via the carrier-mediated indirect exchange RKKY interaction. We obtain via Monte Carlo the magnetic phase diagram as a function of the impurity moment density nin_{i} and the relative carrier concentration nc/nin_{c}/n_{i}. As evidenced by the diverging correlation length and magnetic susceptibility, the boundary between ferromagnetic (FM) and non-ferromagnetic (NF) phases constitutes a line of zero temperature critical points which can be viewed as a magnetic percolation transition. In the dilute limit, we find that bulk ferromagnetism vanishes for nc/ni>.1n_{c}/n_{i}>.1. We also incorporate the local antiferromagnetic direct superexchange interaction between nearest neighbor impurities, and examine the impact of a damping factor in the RKKY range function.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures; figure formatting modified, typos fixe

    Critical behavior of diluted magnetic semiconductors: the apparent violation and the eventual restoration of the Harris criterion for all regimes of disorder

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    Using large-scale Monte Carlo calculations, we consider strongly disordered Heisenberg models on a cubic lattice with missing sites (as in diluted magnetic semiconductors such as Ga_{1-x}Mn_{x}As). For disorder ranging from weak to strong levels of dilution, we identify Curie temperatures and calculate the critical exponents nu, gamma, eta, and beta finding, per the Harris criterion, good agreement with critical indices for the pure Heisenberg model where there is no disorder component. Moreover, we find that thermodynamic quantities (e.g. the second moment of the magnetization per spin) self average at the ferromagnetic transition temperature with relative fluctuations tending to zero with increasing system size. We directly calculate effective critical exponents for T > T_{c}, yielding values which may differ significantly from the critical indices for the pure system, especially in the presence of strong disorder. Ultimately, the difference is only apparent, and eventually disappears when T is very close to T_{c}.Comment: 11 pages, 9 figure