62,419 research outputs found

    dS/CFT at uniform energy density and a de Sitter "bluewall"

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    We describe a class of spacetimes that are asymptotically de Sitter in the Poincare slicing. Assuming that a dS/CFT correspondence exists, we argue that these are gravity duals to a CFT on a circle leading to uniform energy-momentum density, and are equivalent to an analytic continuation of the Euclidean AdS black brane. These are solutions with a complex parameter which then gives a real energy-momentum density. We also discuss a related solution with the parameter continued to a real number, which we refer to as a de Sitter "bluewall". This spacetime has two asymptotic de Sitter universes and Cauchy horizons cloaking timelike singularities. We argue that the Cauchy horizons give rise to a blue-shift instability.Comment: Latex, 13pgs, 2 figs. v2: 14pgs, published version, some rephrasing of language in terms of Euclidean CFT on a circle, more elaborate discussion on blueshif

    Brane Waves, Yang-Mills theories and Causality

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    We provide evidence for the validity of AdS/CFT correspondence in the Coulomb branch by comparing the Yang-Mills effective action with the potential between waves on two separated test 3-branes in the presence of a large number of other 3-branes. For constant gauge fields excited on the branes, this requires that the supergravity potential in a AdS5Ă—S5AdS_5 \times S^5 background is the {\it same} as that in flat space, despite the fact that both propagators and couplings of some relevant supergravity modes are different. We show that this is indeed true, due to a subtle cancellation. With time-dependent gauge fields on the test branes, the potential is sensitive to retardation effects of causal propagation in the bulk. We argue that this is reflected in higher derivative (acceleration) terms in the Yang-Mills effective action. We show that for two 3-branes separated in flat space the structure of lowest order acceleration terms is in agreement with supergravity expectations.Comment: 20 pages, harvmac, references adde

    Double Trace Flows and Holographic RG in dS/CFT correspondence

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    If there is a dS/CFT correspondence, time evolution in the bulk should translate to RG flows in the dual euclidean field theory. Consequently, although the dual field is expected to be non-unitary, its RG flows will carry an imprint of the unitary time evolution in the bulk. In this note we examine the prediction of holographic RG in de Sitter space for the flow of double and triple trace couplings in any proposed dual. We show quite generally that the correct form of the field theory beta functions for the double trace couplings is obtained from holography, provided one identifies the scale of the field theory with (i|T|) where T is the `time' in conformal coordinates. For dS(4), we find that with an appropriate choice of operator normalization, it is possible to have real n-point correlation functions as well as beta functions with real coefficients. This choice leads to an RG flow with an IR fixed point at negative coupling unlike in a unitary theory where the IR fixed point is at positive coupling. The proposed correspondence of Sp(N) vector models with de Sitter Vasiliev gravity provides a specific example of such a phenomenon. For dS(d+1) with even d, however, we find that no choice of operator normalization exists which ensures reality of coefficients of the beta-functions as well as absence of n-dependent phases for various n-point functions, as long as one assumes real coupling constants in the bulk Lagrangian.Comment: 18 pages, no figures; (v2) minor typos fixed, references adde

    D branes in 2d String Theory and Classical limits

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    In the matrix model formulation of two dimensional noncritical string theory, a D0 brane is identified with a single eigenvalue excitation. In terms of open string quantities (i.e fermionic eigenvalues) the classical limit of a macroscopically large number of D0 branes has a smooth classical limit : they are described by a filled region of phase space whose size is O(1) and disconnected from the Fermi sea. We show that while this has a proper description in terms of a {\em single} bosonic field at the quantum level, the classical limit is rather nontrivial. The quantum dispersions of bosonic quantities {\em survive in the classical limit} and appear as additional fields in a semiclassical description. This reinforces the fact that while the open string field theory description of these D-branes (i.e. in terms of fermions) has a smooth classical limit, a closed string field theory description (in terms of a single boson) does not.Comment: LaTeX, 17 pages, 3 .eps figures, based on talks at "QTS3" at Cincinnati and "Workshop on Branes" at Argonn

    Holograms of Branes in the Bulk and Acceleration Terms in SYM Effective Action

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    If the AdS/CFT correspondence is valid in the Coulomb branch, the potential between waves on a pair of test branes in the bulk should be reproduced by the relevant Yang-Mills theory effective action on the boundary. Earlier work has provided evidence for this in the case of constant gauge field brane waves. In this paper we provide concrete evidence for an earlier proposal that the effects of exchange of supergravity modes with nonzero momentum in the brane directions are encoded in certain terms involving derivatives of the field strength in the gauge theory effective action. We explicitly calculate the force quadratic in the field strengths coming from the exchange of non-zero momentum two form fields between two 3-branes in AdS5Ă—S5AdS_5 \times S^5 to lowest nontrivial order in the momentum. We show that this is exactly the same as that between the branes living in flat space. The result is in agreement with the gauge theory effective action and consistent with the non-renormalization property of this term. We comment on the relationship of other ``acceleration'' terms in the SYM effective action with quantities in supergravity.Comment: 16 pages, harvmac, typos corrected, comments adde

    Matrix Models and Nonperturbative String Propagation in Two-Dimensional Black Hole Backgrounds

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    We identify a quantity in the c=1c=1 matrix model which describes the wavefunction for physical scattering of a tachyon from a black hole of the two dimensional critical string theory. At the semiclassical level this quantity corresponds to the usual picture of a wave coming in from infinity, part of which enters the black hole becoming singular at the singularity, while the rest is scattered back to infinity, with nothing emerging from the whitehole. We find, however, that the exact nonperturbative wavefunction is nonsingular at the singularity and appears to end up in the asymptotic region ``behind'' the singularity.Comment: 14 pages, phyzzx, EFI-93-1
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