44,794 research outputs found

    The suppression of superconductivity in Mn substituted MgCNi3_{3}

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    We report the effect of doping Mn in the isostructural MgCNi3−x_{3-x}Mnx_{x} (x = 0-0.05) compounds. Magnetic susceptibility, resistivity, magneto-resistance, and specific heat studies show evidence of localized moments and Kondo effect in samples with x≠\neq0. The rapid suppression of superconductivity (∼\sim -21K/at.% Mn) in these compounds is a consequence of pair breaking effects due to moment formation on Mn.Comment: 9 figures, Accepted for publication in Physical Review B, Added reference

    Voltage bias induced modification of all oxide Pr0.5Ca0.5MnO3/SrTi0.95Nb.05O3 junctions

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    In this paper we report what happens to a pristine oxide junction Pr0.5Ca0.5MnO3/SrTi0.95Nb.05O3 (PCMO/Nb:STO), when it is subjected to cycling of voltage bias of moderate value ({\pm}4V). It is found that the initial cycling leads to formation of a permanent state of lower resistance where the lower resistance arises predominantly due to development of a shunt across the device film (PCMO). On successive voltage cycling with increasing magnitude, this state transforms into states of successive lower resistance that can be transformed back to the initial stable state on cycling to below a certain bias. A simple model based on p-n junction with shunt has been used to obtain information on the change of the junction on voltage cycling. It has been shown that the observation can be explained if the voltage cycling leads to lowering of barrier at the interface and also reduction in series resistance. It is suggested that this lowering can be related to the migration of oxygen ions and vacancies at the junction region. Cross-sectional imaging of the junction shows formation of permanent filamentary bridges across the thickness of the PCMO after the pristine p-n junction is first taken through a voltage cycle, which would explain appearance of a finite shunt across the p-n junction.Comment: 12 pages,7figure

    Competition of L21 and XA Ordering in Fe2CoAl Heusler Alloy: A First-Principles Study

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    The physical properties of Fe2CoAl (FCA) Heusler alloy are systematically investigated using the first-principles calculations within generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and GGA+U. The influence of atomic ordering with respect to the Wyckoff sites on the phase stability, magnetism and half metallicity in both the conventional L21 and XA phases of FCA is focused in this study. Various possible hypothetical structures viz., L21, XA-I, and XA-II are prepared by altering atomic occupancies at their Wyckoff sites. At first, we have determined the stable phase of FCA considering various non-magnetic (or paramagnetic), ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) configurations. Out of these, the ferromagnetic (FM) XA-I structure is found to be energetically most stable. The total magnetic moments per cell are not in agreement with the Slater-Pauling (SP) rule in any phases; therefore, the half-metallicity is not observed in any configurations. However, FM ordered XA-I type FCA shows 78% spin polarization at EF. Interestingly, the results of XA-I type FCA are closely matched with the experimental results.Comment: 15 pages, 6 figure

    Thermal field theory derivation of the source term induced by a fast parton from the quark energy-momentum tensor

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    I derive the distribution of energy and momentum transmitted from a fast parton to a medium of thermalized quarks, or the source term, in perturbative thermal field theory directly from the quark energy-momentum tensor. The fast parton is coupled to the medium by adding an interaction term to the Lagrangian. The thermal expectation value of the energy-momentum tensor source term is then evaluated using standard Feynman rules at finite temperature. It is found that local excitations, which are important for exciting an observable Mach cone structure, fall sharply as a function of the energy of the fast parton. This may have implications for the trigger pTp_T dependence of measurements of azimuthal dihadron particle correlations in heavy-ion collisions. In particular, a conical emission pattern would be less likely to be observed for increasing trigger pTp_T. I show that the results presented in this paper can be generalized to more realistic modeling of fast parton propagation, such as through a time dependent interaction term, in future studies.Comment: Version as accepted by Physical Review D. New version has several clarifications and added references. 5 pages, 3 figure
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