2,311 research outputs found

    Sensitivity of IceCube-DeepCore to neutralino dark matter in the MSSM-25

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    We analyse the sensitivity of IceCube-DeepCore to annihilation of neutralino dark matter in the solar core, generated within a 25 parameter version of the minimally supersymmetric standard model (MSSM-25). We explore the 25-dimensional parameter space using scanning methods based on importance sampling and using DarkSUSY 5.0.6 to calculate observables. Our scans produced a database of 6.02 million parameter space points with neutralino dark matter consistent with the relic density implied by WMAP 7-year data, as well as with accelerator searches. We performed a model exclusion analysis upon these points using the expected capabilities of the IceCube-DeepCore Neutrino Telescope. We show that IceCube-DeepCore will be sensitive to a number of models that are not accessible to direct detection experiments such as SIMPLE, COUPP and XENON100, indirect detection using Fermi-LAT observations of dwarf spheroidal galaxies, nor to current LHC searches.Comment: 15 pages, 13 figures. V2: Additional comparisons are made to limits from Fermi-LAT observations of dwarf spheroidal galaxies and to the 125 GeV Higgs signal from the LHC. The spectral hardness section has been removed. Matches version accepted for publication in JCAP. V3: Typos correcte

    Ispitivanja statičke kompresije i rezonantne vibracije celularnih materijala dobivenih gravitacijskim sinterovanjem šupljih brončanih kugli

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    The cylindrical and rod-shaped specimens were prepared by gravity sintering from Cu-Sn hollow spheres. On these samples, both static compression tests and measurements of resonance frequencies were performed. The compressive stress-strain curves revealed the features characteristic for a closed-cell ductile cellular solid. The removal of in general open porosity among loosely packed closed metallic hollow spheres was recognized as the principal mode of plastic deformation. The approximative effective moduli of elasticity were determined for cellular materials under consideration by means of the measurements of resonance frequencies on rod-shaped specimens.Cilindrični i šipkasti uzorci su pripremljeni gravitacionim sinterovanjem šupljih Cu-Sn kugli. Na tim uzorcima su provedena ispitivanja statičke kompresije i mjerenja rezonantnih frekvencija. Krivulja naprezanje-rastezanje nam pokazuje svojstva karakteristična za plastične celularne krute materijale sa zatvorenim ćelijama. Uklanjanje uglavnom otvorene povezanosti među labavo povezanim šupljim metalnim kuglama prepoznajemo kao glavni način plastične deformacije. Za celularne materijale koji se razmatraju određeni su približno učinkoviti moduli elastičnosti mjerenjem frekvencija rezonancije na šipkasto oblikovanim uzorcima

    New Alloying Systems for Sintered Steels: Critical Aspects of Sintering Behavior

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    Oxygen-sensitive alloying elements such as Mn, Si, and Cr have a high potential for improving the properties of low alloyed sintered steels while reducing the alloying cost. However, it is necessary to find a way for avoiding, or at least minimizing, the oxidation of these elements especially during the early stages of the sintering cycle. In this study Mn, Si, and Cr were introduced in the form of a master alloy powder designed to be mixed with the iron base powder and provide the final composition of the steel during the sintering process. The reduction/oxidation phenomena taking place during the heating stage were studied by thermogravimetry, dilatometry, and mass spectroscopy, using either reducing (H2) or inert (Ar) atmospheres. The results show how the difference in chemical activity between base iron powder and master alloy causes the so called "internal-getter" effect, by which the reduction of less stable iron oxides leads to oxidation of the elements with higher affinity for oxygen. This effect can be somehow minimized when sintering in H2, since the iron oxides are reduced at lower temperatures at which the reactivity of the elements in the master alloy is lower. However, H2 concentration in the processing atmosphere needs to be carefully adapted to the specific composition of the materials being processed in order to minimize decarburization by methane formation during sintering.Höganäs AB Sweden, financial support provided through the Höganäs Chair IVPublicad

    Accelerated mechanical fatigue testing and lifetime of interconnects in microelectronics

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    AbstractDue to the rapid development of packaging industry accelerated reliability testing for evaluation of lifetime of electronic components are increasingly utilized. In addition to common active thermal cycling procedures, accelerated mechanical fatigue testing provides a new possibility to assess the reliability of microelectronic components, mainly due to the significantly shorter duration of testing time. In this investigation we have used an ultrasonic fatigue testing system in combination with a special experimental set-up for qualification and lifetime determination of microelectronic interconnects. Using this technique, fatigue life of Al wire bonded interconnects were determined and S-N curves (shear stress as a function of loading cycles) up to N=109 were plotted. Three dimensional elasto-plastic FEM simulations were performed to determine the distributions of shear stress and plastic strain generated during cyclic fatigue in the bond area. Furthermore, the FEM model was employed to predict the lifetime of wire-bonds. The results were correlated to the lifetime curves of similar bonds obtained by power cycling tests. Detailed microstructural investigations were performed by means of EBSD -SEM to study the evolution of microstructure of the interconnects subjected to thermal and mechanical fatigue loading. This study demonstrates the applicability of accelerated mechanical fatigue testing as an alternative to time consuming thermal cycling for qualification of microelectronic interconnects

    Combined collider constraints on neutralinos and charginos

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    Searches for supersymmetric electroweakinos have entered a crucial phase, as the integrated luminosity of the Large Hadron Collider is now high enough to compensate for their weak production cross-sections. Working in a framework where the neutralinos and charginos are the only light sparticles in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, we use gambit to perform a detailed likelihood analysis of the electroweakino sector. We focus on the impacts of recent ATLAS and CMS searches with 36 fb1^{-1} of 13 TeV proton-proton collision data. We also include constraints from LEP and invisible decays of the ZZ and Higgs bosons. Under the background-only hypothesis, we show that current LHC searches do not robustly exclude any range of neutralino or chargino masses. However, a pattern of excesses in several LHC analyses points towards a possible signal, with neutralino masses of (mχ~10,mχ~20,mχ~30,mχ~40)(m_{\tilde{\chi}_1^0}, m_{\tilde{\chi}_2^0}, m_{\tilde{\chi}_3^0}, m_{\tilde{\chi}_4^0}) = (8-155, 103-260, 130-473, 219-502) GeV and chargino masses of (mχ~1±,mχ~2±)(m_{\tilde{\chi}_1^{\pm}}, m_{\tilde{\chi}_2^{\pm}}) = (104-259, 224-507) GeV at the 95% confidence level. The lightest neutralino is mostly bino, with a possible modest Higgsino or wino component. We find that this excess has a combined local significance of 3.3σ3.3\sigma, subject to a number of cautions. If one includes LHC searches for charginos and neutralinos conducted with 8 TeV proton-proton collision data, the local significance is lowered to 2.9σ\sigma. We briefly consider the implications for dark matter, finding that the correct relic density can be obtained through the Higgs-funnel and ZZ-funnel mechanisms, even assuming that all other sparticles are decoupled. All samples, gambit input files and best-fit models from this study are available on Zenodo.Comment: 38 pages, 16 figures, v3 is the version accepted by EPJ

    Detecting a stochastic gravitational wave background with the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna

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    The random superposition of many weak sources will produce a stochastic background of gravitational waves that may dominate the response of the LISA (Laser Interferometer Space Antenna) gravitational wave observatory. Unless something can be done to distinguish between a stochastic background and detector noise, the two will combine to form an effective noise floor for the detector. Two methods have been proposed to solve this problem. The first is to cross-correlate the output of two independent interferometers. The second is an ingenious scheme for monitoring the instrument noise by operating LISA as a Sagnac interferometer. Here we derive the optimal orbital alignment for cross-correlating a pair of LISA detectors, and provide the first analytic derivation of the Sagnac sensitivity curve.Comment: 9 pages, 11 figures. Significant changes to the noise estimate

    Search for non-relativistic Magnetic Monopoles with IceCube

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    The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is a large Cherenkov detector instrumenting 1km31\,\mathrm{km}^3 of Antarctic ice. The detector can be used to search for signatures of particle physics beyond the Standard Model. Here, we describe the search for non-relativistic, magnetic monopoles as remnants of the GUT (Grand Unified Theory) era shortly after the Big Bang. These monopoles may catalyze the decay of nucleons via the Rubakov-Callan effect with a cross section suggested to be in the range of 1027cm210^{-27}\,\mathrm{cm^2} to 1021cm210^{-21}\,\mathrm{cm^2}. In IceCube, the Cherenkov light from nucleon decays along the monopole trajectory would produce a characteristic hit pattern. This paper presents the results of an analysis of first data taken from May 2011 until May 2012 with a dedicated slow-particle trigger for DeepCore, a subdetector of IceCube. A second analysis provides better sensitivity for the brightest non-relativistic monopoles using data taken from May 2009 until May 2010. In both analyses no monopole signal was observed. For catalysis cross sections of 1022(1024)cm210^{-22}\,(10^{-24})\,\mathrm{cm^2} the flux of non-relativistic GUT monopoles is constrained up to a level of Φ901018(1017)cm2s1sr1\Phi_{90} \le 10^{-18}\,(10^{-17})\,\mathrm{cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1}} at a 90% confidence level, which is three orders of magnitude below the Parker bound. The limits assume a dominant decay of the proton into a positron and a neutral pion. These results improve the current best experimental limits by one to two orders of magnitude, for a wide range of assumed speeds and catalysis cross sections.Comment: 20 pages, 20 figure

    Improved limits on dark matter annihilation in the Sun with the 79-string IceCube detector and implications for supersymmetry

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    We present an improved event-level likelihood formalism for including neutrino telescope data in global fits to new physics. We derive limits on spin-dependent dark matter-proton scattering by employing the new formalism in a re-analysis of data from the 79-string IceCube search for dark matter annihilation in the Sun, including explicit energy information for each event. The new analysis excludes a number of models in the weak-scale minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) for the first time. This work is accompanied by the public release of the 79-string IceCube data, as well as an associated computer code for applying the new likelihood to arbitrary dark matter models.Comment: 24 pages, 8 figs, 1 table. Contact authors: Pat Scott & Matthias Danninger. Likelihood tool available at http://nulike.hepforge.org. v2: small updates to address JCAP referee repor