6,487 research outputs found

    On the spectrum of the periodic Dirac operator

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    The absolute continuity of the spectrum for the periodic Dirac operator D^=j=1n(ixjAj)α^j+V^(0)+V^(1),xRn,n3, \hat D=\sum_{j=1}^n(-i\frac {\partial}{\partial x_j}-A_j)\hat \alpha_j + \hat V^{(0)}+\hat V^{(1)}, x\in R^n, n\geq 3, is proved given that either AC(Rn;Rn)Hlocq(Rn;Rn)A\in C(R^n;R^n)\cap H^q_{loc}(R^n;R^n), 2q > n-2, or the Fourier series of the vector potential A:RnRnA:R^n\to R^n is absolutely convergent. Here, V^(s)=(V^(s))\hat V^{(s)}=(\hat V^{(s)})^* are continuous matrix functions and \hat V^{(s)}\hat \alpha_j=(-1}^s\hat \alpha_j\hat V^{(s)} for all anticommuting Hermitian matrices α^j\hat \alpha_j, α^j2=I^\hat \alpha_j^2=\hat I, s=0,1.Comment: 17 page

    Motivic Milnor fibre for nondegenerate function germs on toric singularities

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    We study function germs on toric varieties which are nondegenerate for their Newton diagram. We express their motivic Milnor fibre in terms of their Newton diagram. We extend a formula for the motivic nearby fibre to the case of a toroidal degeneration. We illustrate this by some examples.Comment: 14 page

    Exact relations for quantum-mechanical few-body and many-body problems with short-range interactions in two and three dimensions

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    We derive relations between various observables for N particles with zero-range or short-range interactions, in continuous space or on a lattice, in two or three dimensions, in an arbitrary external potential. Some of our results generalise known relations between large-momentum behavior of the momentum distribution, short-distance behavior of the pair correlation function and of the one-body density matrix, derivative of the energy with respect to the scattering length or to time, and the norm of the regular part of the wavefunction; in the case of finite-range interactions, the interaction energy is also related to dE/da. The expression relating the energy to a functional of the momentum distribution is also generalised, and is found to break down for Efimov states with zero-range interactions, due to a subleading oscillating tail in the momentum distribution. We also obtain new expressions for the derivative of the energy of a universal state with respect to the effective range, the derivative of the energy of an efimovian state with respect to the three-body parameter, and the second order derivative of the energy with respect to the inverse (or the logarithm in the two-dimensional case) of the scattering length. The latter is negative at fixed entropy. We use exact relations to compute corrections to exactly solvable three-body problems and find agreement with available numerics. For the unitary gas, we compare exact relations to existing fixed-node Monte-Carlo data, and we test, with existing Quantum Monte Carlo results on different finite range models, our prediction that the leading deviation of the critical temperature from its zero range value is linear in the interaction effective range r_e with a model independent numerical coefficient.Comment: 51 pages, 5 figures. Split into three articles: Phys. Rev. A 83, 063614 (2011) [arXiv:1103.5157]; Phys. Rev. A 86, 013626 (2012) [arXiv:1204.3204]; Phys. Rev. A 86, 053633 (2012) [ arXiv:1210.1784

    Global in Time Solutions to Kolmogorov-Feller Pseudodifferential Equations with Small Parameter

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    The goal in this paper is to demonstrate a new method for constructing global-in-time approximate (asymptotic) solutions of (pseudodifferential) parabolic equations with a small parameter. We show that, in the leading term, such a solution can be constructed by using characteristics, more precisely, by using solutions of the corresponding Hamiltonian system and without using any integral representation. For completeness, we also briefly describe the well-known scheme developed by V.P.Maslov for constructing global-in-time solutions.Comment: 27 page