706 research outputs found

    Charmonium production measured in PbPb and pp collisions by CMS

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    The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) is fully equipped to measure hard probes in the di-muon decay channel in the high multiplicity environment of nucleus-nucleus collisions. Such probes are especially relevant for studying the quark-gluon plasma since they are produced at early times and propagate through the medium, mapping its evolution. CMS is able to distinguish non-prompt from prompt J/psi in pp and PbPb collisions. We report here the nuclear modification factor of prompt J/psi in PbPb as a function of transverse momentum, rapidity, and the number of nucleons participating in the collision.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures. To appear in Proc. 22nd Int. Conf. on Ultrarelativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (Quark Matter 2011), Annecy, France, May 23-28, 201

    Quarkonia and heavy-flavour production in CMS

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    The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) has measured numerous quarkonium states via their decays into muon pairs in pp and PbPb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 2.76 TeV. Quarkonia are especially relevant for studying the quark-gluon plasma since they are produced at early times and propagate through the medium, mapping its evolution. Non-prompt J/psi from b-hadron decays show a strong suppression in the transverse momentum range (6.5 < p_T < 30 GeV/c) when compared to the yield in pp collisions scaled by the number of inelastic nucleon-nucleon collisions. This suppression is related to the in-medium b-quark energy loss. In the same kinematic region, for prompt J/psi, a strong, centrality-dependent suppression is observed in PbPb collisions. Such strong suppression at high p_T has previously not been observed at RHIC. At midrapidity (|y| < 1.6) and the same p_T region, inclusive psi(2S) are even stronger suppressed than J/psi, whereas psi(2S) at forward rapidity (1.6 < |y| < 2.4) and lower p_T (3 < p_T < 30 GeV/c) appear to be less suppressed than J/psi, however, with large uncertainties that prevent a conclusion. Furthermore, low-p_T Y(2S) and Y(3S) mesons are strongly suppressed in PbPb collisions. The suppression of the Y(1S) state is smaller than the suppression of the excited states and consistent with the suppression of the feed-down contribution only.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figures. To appear in Proc. 5th Int. Conf. on Hard and Electromagnetic Probes of High-Energy Nuclear Collisions, Cagliari, Italy, May 27-June 1, 2012; (v2: fixed typos

    Measurement of the dielectron continuum in p+p and Au+Au collisions at RHIC

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    PHENIX has measured the e^+e^- pair continuum in sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV Au+Au and p+p collisions over a wide range of mass and transverse momenta. While the p+p data in the mass range below the phi meson are well described by known contributions from light meson decays, the Au+Au minimum bias inclusive mass spectrum shows an enhancement by a factor of 4.7 +/- 0.4(stat)} +/- 1.5(syst) +/- 0.9(model) in the mass range 0.15<m_ee<0.75 GeV/c^2. At low mass (m_ee<0.3 GeV/c^2) and high p_T (1<p_T<5~GeV/c) an enhanced e^+e^- pair yield is observed that is in qualitative agreement with hydrodynamical models of thermal photon emission with initial temperatures ranging from T_init ~= 300-600 MeV at times of 0.6-0.15 fm/c after the collision.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures. To appear in Proc. of XLVth Rencontres de Moriond 2010 - QCD and High Energy Interactions, La Thuile, Italy, March 13-20, 201

    Upsilon suppression in PbPb collisions at the LHC

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    The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) has measured the suppression of the bottomonium states Y(1S), Y(2S), and Y(3S) in PbPb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 2.76 TeV relative to pp collisions, scaled by the number of inelastic nucleon-nucleon collisions. CMS observed a stronger suppression for the weaker bound Y(2S) and Y(3S) states than for the ground state Y(1S). Such "sequential melting" has been predicted to be a clear signature for the creation of a quark-gluon plasma. The suppression of the Y(1S) and Y(2S) has been measured as a function of collision centrality for Y in the rapidity interval |y| < 2.4 and with transverse momentum (p_T) down to 0. Furthermore, the p_T and rapidity dependence of the Y(1S) suppression are presented.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figures. To appear in Proc. 14th Int. Conf. on B-Physics at Hadron Machines (Beauty 2013), Bologna, Italy, April 8-12, 201

    Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton‚Äďproton collisions at ‚ąös = 7 TeV

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    Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pT) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb[superscript ‚ąí1]. The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MadGraph + pythia and sherpa, and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BlackHat + sherpa. The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high-HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.United States. Dept. of EnergyNational Science Foundation (U.S.)Alfred P. Sloan Foundatio

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