67 research outputs found

    Oscillating Friedman Cosmology

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    The non-singular, oscillating Friedman cosmology within the framework of General Relativity is considered. The general oscillatory solution given in terms of elliptic functions and the conditions for its existence are discussed. It is shown that the wall-like-matter and the small, but negative cosmological constant are required for oscillations. The oscillations can , in principle, be deep enough to allow standard hot universe processes like recombination and nucleosynthesis. It is shown that the wall-like-matter and string-like-matter can be interpreted as scalar fields with some potentials. This may give another candidate for the dark matter which may be compatible with observational data. For an exact elementary oscillatory solution it is shown that the associated scalar field potential is oscillating as well.Comment: Latex file, 27 pages, figures available on reques

    Phantom Dark Energy and its Cosmological Consequences

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    I discuss the dark energy characterized by the violation of the null energy condition (ϱ+p0\varrho + p \geq 0), dubbed phantom. Amazingly, it is admitted by the current astronomical data from supernovae. We discuss both classical and quantum cosmological models with phantom as a source of matter and present the phenomenon called phantom duality.Comment: 3 pages, MG11 conference proceeding

    Extended Uncertainty Principle for Rindler and cosmological horizons

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    We find exact formulas for the Extended Uncertainty Principle (EUP) for the Rindler and Friedmann horizons and show that they can be expanded to obtain asymptotic forms known from the previous literature. We calculate the corrections to Hawking temperature and Bekenstein entropy of a black hole in the universe due to Rindler and Friedmann horizons. The effect of the EUP is similar to the canonical corrections of thermal fluctuations and so it rises the entropy signalling further loss of information.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figures, REVTEX 4.1, minor changes, refs update

    Redshift drift in varying speed of light cosmology

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    We derive a redshift drift formula within the framework of varying speed of light (VSL) theory using the specific ansatz for the variability of c(t)=c0an(t)c(t) = c_0 a^n(t). We show that negative values of the parameter nn, which correspond to diminishing value of the speed of light during the evolution of the universe, effectively rescales dust matter to become little negative pressure matter, and the cosmological constant to became phantom. Positive values of nn (growing c(t)c(t)) make VSL model to become more like Cold Dark Matter (CDM) model. Observationally, there is a distinction between the VSL model and the Λ\LambdaCDM model for the admissible values of the parameter n105n \sim - 10^{-5}, though it will be rather difficult to detect by planned extremely large telescopes (E-ELT, TMT, GMT) within their accuracy.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure, title and body changed to match a published version on redshift drift onl

    Exotic-singularity-driven dark energy

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    We discuss various types of exotic (non-standard) singularities in the Universe: a Big-Rip (BR or type I), a Sudden Future Singularity (SFS or type II), a Generalized Sudden Future Singularity, a Finite Scale Factor singularity (FSF or type III), a Big-Separation (BS or type IV) and a ww-singularity. They are characterized by violation of all or some of the energy conditions which results in a blow-up of all or some of the physical quantities: the scale factor, the energy density, the pressure, and the barotropic index. We relate the emergence of these singularities with physical theories (superstring, brane, higher-order gravity, loop quantum cosmology). We show how the models involving exotic singularities may serve as dark energy by applying the observational data. In particular, we show that some of these exotic singularities (though being of a weak type according to relativistic definitions) may occur in the near future of the universe.Comment: 10 pages, 9 figures, contribution to "Invisible Universe", paris 29.06-3.07.09, to appear in AIP Conference Proceeding