379 research outputs found

    Strange magnetic multipoles and neutron diffraction by an iridate perovskite (Sr2IrO4)

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    A theoretical investigation of a plausible construct for electronic structure in iridate perovskites demonstrates the existence of magnetic multipoles hitherto not identified. The strange multipoles, which are parity-even, time-odd and even rank tensors, are absent from the so-called jeff = 1/2 model. We prove that the strange multipoles contribute to magnetic neutron diffraction, and we estimate their contribution to intensities of Bragg spots for Sr2IrO4. The construct encompasses the jeff = 1/2 model, and it is consistent with the known magnetic structure, ordered magnetic moment, and published resonant x-ray Bragg diffraction data. Over and above time-odd quadrupoles and hexadecapoles, whose contribution changes neutron Bragg intensities by an order of magnitude, according to our estimates, are relatively small triakontadipoles recently proposed as the primary magnetic order-parameter of Sr2IrO4

    Anapole Correlations in Sr2IrO4 Defy the jeff = 1/2 Model

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    Zel'dovich (spin) anapole correlations in Sr2IrO4 unveiled by magnetic neutron diffraction contravene the spin-orbit coupled ground state used by the jeff = 1/2 (pseudo-spin) model. Specifically, spin and space know inextricable knots which bind each to the other in the iridate. The diffraction property studied in the Letter is enforced by strict requirements from quantum mechanics and magnetic symmetry. It has not been exploited in the past, whereas neutron diffraction by anapole moments is established. Entanglement of the electronic degrees of freedom is captured by binary correlations of the anapole and position operators, and hallmarked in the diffraction amplitude by axial atomic multipoles with an even rank

    A possible chiral spin-liquid phase in non-centrosymmetric RRBaCo4_4O7_7

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    Based on a symmetry approach, we propose a possible explanation of the weak ferromagnetic component recently observed in YBaCo3_3FeO7_7 (Valldor et al. Phys Rev B, 84\bf {84} 224426 (2011)) and other isostructural compounds in the high-temperature spin-liquid phase. Due to the polar nature of their crystal structure, a coupling between time-odd scalar spin chirality which we suggest as the primary order parameter and macroscopic magnetization is possible as follows from the general form of the appropriate free-energy invariant. The deduced pseudoproper coupling between both physical quantities provides a unique possibility to study the critical behaviour of the chiral order parameter

    Ordered state of magnetic charge in the pseudo-gap phase of a cuprate superconductor (HgBa2CuO4)

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    A symmetry-based interpretation of published experimental results demonstrates that the pseudo-gap phase of underdoped HgBa2CuO4(Hg1201) possesses an ordered state of magnetic charge epitomized by Cu magnetic monopoles. Magnetic properties of one-layer Hg1201 and two-layer YBa2Cu3O6 + x (YBCO) cuprates have much in common, because their pseudo-gap phases possess the same magnetic space-group, e.g., both underdoped cuprates allow the magneto-electric (Kerr) effect. Differences in their properties stem from different Cu site symmetries, leaving Cu magnetic monopoles forbidden in YBCO. Resonant x-ray Bragg diffraction experiments can complement the wealth of information available from neutron diffraction experiments on five Hg1201 samples on which our findings are based. In the case of Hg1201 emergence of the pseudo-gap phase, with time-reversal violation, is accompanied by a reduction of Cu site symmetry that includes loss of a centre of inversion symmetry. In consequence, parity-odd x-ray absorption events herald the onset of the enigmatic phase, and we predict dependence of corresponding Bragg spots on magneto-electric multipoles, including the monopole, and the azimuthal angle (crystal rotation about the Bragg wavevector)

    X-ray diffraction by magnetic charges (monopoles)

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    Magnetic charges, or magnetic monopoles, may form in the electronic structure of magnetic materials where ions are deprived of symmetry with respect to spatial inversion. Predicted in 2009, the strange magnetic, pseudoscalars have recently been found different from zero in simulations of electronic structures of some magnetically ordered, orthorhombic, lithium orthophosphates (LiMPO4). We prove that magnetic charges in lithium orthophosphates diffract x-rays tuned in energy to an atomic resonance, and to guide future experiments we calculate appropriate unit-cell structure factors for monoclinic LiCoPO4 and orthorhombic LiNiPO4
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