1,718 research outputs found

    Nuclear data libraries for IFMIF-DONES neutronic calculations

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    International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility-DEMO Oriented NEutron Source (IFMIF-DONES) is an installation aimed to irradiate with a high neutron flux materials relevant for the construction of the DEMOnstration fusion power plant (DEMO), in order to study the damage due to irradiation. Neutrons are generated using a 40 MeV and 125 mA deuteron beam impinging on a thick liquid lithium target. With these characteristics, damage due to irradiation comparable to that in the first wall of a fusion power reactor is achieved. In this paper we investigate the differences in the neutronic calculations of the IFMIF-DONES design when using different nuclear data libraries. We first studied the differences in neutron production due to Li(d, xn) reactions between different models and evaluations, comparing the different results with experimental data. Additionally, we tested the performance of the MCNP6.2 and Geant4 Monte Carlo codes when using deuteron incident data libraries. Then, we performed neutronic calculations of the IFMIF-DONES design using the most reliable Li(d, xn) neutron production models available, which are the FZK-2005 and JENDL/DEU-2020 evaluations according to the results obtained in the first part of the study. Thus, the differences in these evaluations are propagated to different neutronic calculation results: neutron flux, primary displacement damage, gas production, and heating in the materials to be irradiated. Finally, we also carried out these same neutronic calculations while using different nuclear data libraries for the neutron transport

    Measurement of the neutron capture cross section of the fissile isotope 235U with the CERN n_TOF Total Absorption Calorimeter and a fission tagging based on micromegas detectors

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    Actual and future nuclear technologies require more accurate nuclear data on the (n, gamma) cross sections and -ratios of fissile isotopes. Their measurement presents several difficulties, mainly related to the strong fission gamma-ray background competing with the weaker gamma-ray cascades used as the experimental signature of the (n,gamma) process. A specific setup has been used at the CERN n_TOF facility in 2012 for the measurement of the (n,gamma) cross section and alpha-ratios of fissile isotopes and used for the case of the 235U isotope. The setup consists in a set of micromegas fission detectors surrounding 235U samples and placed inside the segmented BaF2 Total Absorption Calorimeter.Postprint (published version

    New measurement of the 242Pu(n,ő≥) cross section at n_TOF

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    WONDER-2015 ‚Äď 4th International Workshop On Nuclear Data Evaluation for Reactor applicationsThe use of MOX fuel (mixed-oxide fuel made of UO2 and PuO2) in nuclear reactors allows substituting a large fraction of the enriched Uranium by Plutonium reprocessed from spent fuel. With the use of such new fuel composition rich in Pu, a better knowledge of the capture and fission cross sections of the Pu isotopes becomes very important. In particular, a new series of cross section evaluations have been recently carried out jointly by the European (JEFF) and United States (ENDF) nuclear data agencies. For the case of 242Pu, the two only neutron capture time-of-flight measurements available, from 1973 and 1976, are not consistent with each other, which calls for a new time-of flight capture cross section measurement. In order to contribute to a new evaluation, we have perfomed a neutron capture cross section measurement at the n_TOF-EAR1 facility at CERN using four C6D6 detectors, using a high purity target of 95 mg. The preliminary results assessing the quality and limitations (background, statistics and ő≥-flash effects) of this new experimental data are presented and discussed, taking into account that the aimed accuracy of the measurement ranges between 7% and 12% depending on the neutron energy regionMinisterio de Econom√≠a y Competitividad FPA2013-45083-PMinisterio de Econom√≠a y Competitividad FPA2014-53290-C2-2-

    The sensitivity of LaBr3:Ce scintillation detectors to low energy neutrons: Measurement and Monte Carlo simulation

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    AbstractThe neutron sensitivity of a cylindrical ‚äė1.5in.√ó1.5in. LaBr3:Ce scintillation detector was measured using quasi-monoenergetic neutron beams in the energy range from 40keV to 2.5MeV. In this energy range the detector is sensitive to ő≥-rays generated in neutron inelastic and capture processes. The experimental energy response was compared with Monte Carlo simulations performed with the Geant4 simulation toolkit using the so-called High Precision Neutron Models. These models rely on relevant information stored in evaluated nuclear data libraries. The performance of the Geant4 Neutron Data Library as well as several standard nuclear data libraries was investigated. In the latter case this was made possible by the use of a conversion tool that allowed the direct use of the data from other libraries in Geant4. Overall it was found that there was good agreement with experiment for some of the neutron data bases like ENDF/B-VII.0 or JENDL-3.3 but not with the others such as ENDF/B-VI.8 or JEFF-3.1

    Measurement of the 241Am neutron capture cross section at the n-TOF facility at CERN

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    New neutron cross section measurements of minor actinides have been performed recently in order to reduce the uncertainties in the evaluated data, which is important for the design of advanced nuclear reactors and, in particular, for determining their performance in the transmutation of nuclear waste. We have measured the 241 Am(n,ő≥) cross section at the n TOF facility between 0.2 eV and 10 keV with a BaF2 Total Absorption Calorimeter, and the analysis of the measurement has been recently concluded. Our results are in reasonable agreement below 20 eV with the ones published by C. Lampoudis et al. in 2013, who reported a 22% larger capture cross section up to 110 eV compared to experimental and evaluated data published before. Our results also indicate that the 241 Am(n,ő≥) cross section is underestimated in the present evaluated libraries between 20 eV and 2 keV by 25%, on average, and up to 35% for certain evaluations and energy ranges.Plan Nacional I+D+I FPA2014-53290-C2-1Comisi√≥n Europea, ANDES FP7- 249671Comisi√≥n Europea, CHANDA FP7-60520

    Thermal neutron background at Laboratorio Subterr√°neo de Canfranc (LSC)

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    The thermal neutron background at Laboratorio Subterr√°neo de Canfranc (LSC) has been determined using several He proportional counter detectors. Bare and Cd shielded counters were used in a series of long measurements. Pulse shape discrimination techniques were applied to discriminate between neutron and gamma signals as well as other intrinsic contributions. Montecarlo simulations allowed us to estimate the sensitivity of the detectors and calculate values for the background flux of thermal neutrons inside Hall-A of LSC. The obtained value is (3.5¬Ī0.8)√ó10 n/cms, and is within an order of magnitude compared to similar facilities.This work was supported partially by the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovaci√≥n and its Plan Nacional de I+D+i de F√≠sica de Part√≠culas projects: FPA2016-76765-P and FPA2018-096717-B-C21. The authors want to acknowledge the help provided by the staff at LSC in the preparation and support for this work

    The rp-process and new measurements of beta-delayed proton decay of light Ag and Cd isotopes

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    Recent network calculations suggest that a high temperature rp-process could explain the abundances of light Mo and Ru isotopes, which have long challenged models of p-process nuclide production. Important ingredients to network calculations involving unstable nuclei near and at the proton drip line are ő≤\beta-halflives and decay modes, i.e., whether or not ő≤\beta-delayed proton decay takes place. Of particular importance to these network calculation are the proton-rich isotopes 96^{96}Ag, 98^{98}Ag, 96^{96}Cd and 98^{98}Cd. We report on recent measurements of ő≤\beta-delayed proton branching ratios for 96^{96}Ag, 98^{98}Ag, and 98^{98}Cd at the on-line mass separator at GSI.Comment: 4 pages, uses espcrc1.sty. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium Nuclei in the Cosmos, June 1996, Notre Dame/IN, USA, Ed. M. Wiescher, to be published in Nucl.Phys.A. Also available at ftp://ftp.physics.ohio-state.edu/pub/nucex/nic96-gs
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