650 research outputs found

    Optical trapping of anti-hydrogen towards an atomic anti-clock

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    The Anti-Matter Factory at CERN is gearing up, commissioning of the Extra Low ENergy Antiprotons (ELENA) ring is ongoing and the first anti-protons are foreseen to circulate in the decelerator very soon. The unprecedented flux of low energy antiprotons delivered by ELENA will open a new era for precision tests with antimatter including laser and microwave spectroscopy and tests of its gravitational behaviour. Here we propose a scheme to load the ultra cold anti-hydrogen atoms that will be produced by the GBAR experiment in an optical lattice tuned at the magic wavelength of the 1S-2S transition in order to measure this interval at a level comparable or even better than its matter counter part. This will provide the most sensitive test of CPT symmetry parametrised in the framework of the Standard Model Extension.Comment: 7 pages, 2 Figure

    Testing conformal mapping with kitchen aluminum foil

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    We report an experimental verification of conformal mapping with kitchen aluminum foil. This experiment can be reproduced in any laboratory by undergraduate students and it is therefore an ideal experiment to introduce the concept of conformal mapping. The original problem was the distribution of the electric potential in a very long plate. The correct theoretical prediction was recently derived by A. Czarnecki (Can. J. Phys. 92, 1297 (2014))

    Status and prospects of the NA64 experiment at the CERN SPS

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    NA64 is a fixed target experiment at the CERN SPS designed as a hermetic general purpose detector to search for Dark Sector physics in missing energy events from electron/positron, hadrons, and muon scattering off nuclei. In this contribution to the FIPs 2022 workshop, we review the current status and prospects of NA64.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, prepared for the proceedings of the FIPs 2022 workshop, v2 some typos fixe

    Can we observe the gravitational quantum states of Positronium?

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    In this paper we consider the feasibility of observing the gravitational quantum states of positronium. The proposed scheme employs the flow-throw technique used for the first observation of this effect with neutrons. Collimation and Stark deceleration of Rydberg positronium atoms allow to select the required velocity class. If this experiment could be realized with positronium it would lead to a determination of g for this matter-antimatter system at the few % level. As discussed in this contribution, most of the required techniques are currently available but important milestones have to be demonstrated experimentally before such an experiment could become reality. Those are: the efficient focusing of a bunched positron beam, Stark deceleration of Rydberg positronium and its subsequent excitation into states with large angular momentum. We provide an estimate of the efficiencies we expect for these steps and assuming those could be confirmed we calculate the signal rate.Comment: 12 pages, 1 figure, contribution to the GRANIT 2014 workshop: Quantum gravitationnal spectroscopy with ultra-cold system

    A new approach for the ortho-positronium lifetime determination in a vacuum cavity

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    Currently, the experimental uncertainty for the determination of the ortho-positronium (o-Ps) decay rate is at 150 ppm precision; this is two orders of magnitude lower than the theoretical one, at 1 ppm level. Here we propose a new proof of concept experiment aiming for an accuracy of 100 ppm to be able to test the second-order correction in the calculations, which is 45(απ)2200\simeq 45\left(\frac{\alpha}{\pi}\right)^2\approx 200 ppm. The improvement relies on a new technique to confine the o-Ps in a vacuum cavity. Moreover, a new method was developed to subtract the time dependent pick-off annihilation rate of the fast backscattered positronium from the o-Ps decay rate prior to fitting the distribution. Therefore, this measurement will be free from the systematic errors present in the previous experiments. The same experimental setup developed for our recent search for invisible decay of ortho-positronium is being used. The precision will be limited by the statistical uncertainty, thus, if the expectations are fulfilled, this experiment could pave the way to reach the ultimate accuracy of a few ppm level to confirm or confront directly the higher order QED corrections. This will provide a sensitive test for new physics, e.g. a discrepancy between theoretical prediction and measurements could hint the existence of an hidden sector which is a possible dark matter candidate.Comment: 12 pages, 8 Figures, prepared for the proceedings of the PSAS2018 conference, Vienna (Austria