6,016 research outputs found

    Contribution of the HMPID detector to the high-pT physics at LHC

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    The LHC will deliver unexplored energy regimes for proton-proton and heavy-ion collisions. As shown by the RHIC experiments, particle identification over a large momentum range is essential to disentangle physics processes, especially in the intermediate pT_T (1 <pT<5<p_{T}<5 GeV/c) region. The novel design of the High-Momentum Particle Identification Detector (HMPID), based on large surface CsI photocathodes, is able to identify π±\pi^{\pm}, K±K^{\pm}, pp and pˉ\bar{p} in the momentum region where bulk medium properties and hard scatterings interplay. Furthermore, measurement of resonance particles such as the ϕ→K+K−\phi \to K^+K^- could provide information on the system evolution. The HMPID layout and segmentation are optimized to study particle correlations at high momenta describing the early phase and the dynamical evolution of the collision. At LHC, the increased hard cross section will significantly be enhanced compared to RHIC. Jet reconstruction via Deterministic Annealing can address jet quenching and detailed measurements of jet properties. In this paper, we present these selected topics from the possible HMPID contributions to the physics goals of LHC.Comment: 6 pages, 7 figures, Contribution to QCD @ Work 2007: International Workshop on Quantum Chromodynamics Theory and Experiment, Martina Franca, Italy, 16-20 June 200

    Genome-wide association study of musical beat synchronization demonstrates high polygenicity

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    Moving in synchrony to the beat is a fundamental component of musicality. Here we conducted a genome-wide association study to identify common genetic variants associated with beat synchronization in 606,825 individuals. Beat synchronization exhibited a highly polygenic architecture, with 69 loci reaching genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10−8) and single-nucleotide-polymorphism-based heritability (on the liability scale) of 13%–16%. Heritability was enriched for genes expressed in brain tissues and for fetal and adult brain-specific gene regulatory elements, underscoring the role of central-nervous-system-expressed genes linked to the genetic basis of the trait. We performed validations of the self-report phenotype (through separate experiments) and of the genome-wide association study (polygenic scores for beat synchronization were associated with patients algorithmically classified as musicians in medical records of a separate biobank). Genetic correlations with breathing function, motor function, processing speed and chronotype suggest shared genetic architecture with beat synchronization and provide avenues for new phenotypic and genetic explorations

    Behavioral Modernity and the Cultural Transmission of Structured Information: The Semantic Axelrod Model

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    Cultural transmission models are coming to the fore in explaining increases in the Paleolithic toolkit richness and diversity. During the later Paleolithic, technologies increase not only in terms of diversity but also in their complexity and interdependence. As Mesoudi and O'Brien (2008) have shown, selection broadly favors social learning of information that is hierarchical and structured, and multiple studies have demonstrated that teaching within a social learning environment can increase fitness. We believe that teaching also provides the scaffolding for transmission of more complex cultural traits. Here, we introduce an extension of the Axelrod (1997} model of cultural differentiation in which traits have prerequisite relationships, and where social learning is dependent upon the ordering of those prerequisites. We examine the resulting structure of cultural repertoires as learning environments range from largely unstructured imitation, to structured teaching of necessary prerequisites, and we find that in combination with individual learning and innovation, high probabilities of teaching prerequisites leads to richer cultural repertoires. Our results point to ways in which we can build more comprehensive explanations of the archaeological record of the Paleolithic as well as other cases of technological change.Comment: 24 pages, 7 figures. Submitted to "Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution during the Paleolithic", edited by Kenichi Aoki and Alex Mesoudi, and presented at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin TX. Revised 5/14/1

    Search for New Physics with Jets and Missing Transverse Momentum in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

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    A search for new physics is presented based on an event signature of at least three jets accompanied by large missing transverse momentum, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 inverse picobarns collected in proton--proton collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. No excess of events is observed above the expected standard model backgrounds, which are all estimated from the data. Exclusion limits are presented for the constrained minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model. Cross section limits are also presented using simplified models with new particles decaying to an undetected particle and one or two jets

    Search for the standard model Higgs boson in the H to ZZ to 2l 2nu channel in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV