376 research outputs found

    Construction of N-body initial data sets in general relativity

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    Given a collection of N solutions of the (3+1) vacuum Einstein constraint equations which are asymptotically Euclidean, we show how to construct a new solution of the constraints which is itself asymptotically Euclidean, and which contains specified sub-regions of each of the N given solutions. This generalizes earlier work which handled the time-symmetric case, thus providing a construction of large classes of initial data for the many body problem in general relativity

    Positive mass theorems for asymptotically AdS spacetimes with arbitrary cosmological constant

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    We formulate and prove the Lorentzian version of the positive mass theorems with arbitrary negative cosmological constant for asymptotically AdS spacetimes. This work is the continuation of the second author's recent work on the positive mass theorem on asymptotically hyperbolic 3-manifolds.Comment: 17 pages, final version, to appear in International Journal of Mathematic

    Specifying angular momentum and center of mass for vacuum initial data sets

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    We show that it is possible to perturb arbitrary vacuum asymptotically flat spacetimes to new ones having exactly the same energy and linear momentum, but with center of mass and angular momentum equal to any preassigned values measured with respect to a fixed affine frame at infinity. This is in contrast to the axisymmetric situation where a bound on the angular momentum by the mass has been shown to hold for black hole solutions. Our construction involves changing the solution at the linear level in a shell near infinity, and perturbing to impose the vacuum constraint equations. The procedure involves the perturbation correction of an approximate solution which is given explicitly.Comment: (v2) a minor change in the introduction and a remark added after Theorem 2.1; (v3) final version, appeared in Comm. Math. Phy

    Gluing construction of initial data with Kerr-de Sitter ends

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    We construct initial data sets which satisfy the vacuum constraint equa- tions of General Relativity with positive cosmologigal constant. More pre- silely, we deform initial data with ends asymptotic to Schwarzschild-de Sitter to obtain non-trivial initial data with exactly Kerr-de Sitter ends. The method is inspired from Corvino's gluing method. We obtain here a extension of a previous result for the time-symmetric case by Chru\'sciel and Pollack.Comment: 27 pages, 3 figure

    A new geometric invariant on initial data for Einstein equations

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    For a given asymptotically flat initial data set for Einstein equations a new geometric invariant is constructed. This invariant measure the departure of the data set from the stationary regime, it vanishes if and only if the data is stationary. In vacuum, it can be interpreted as a measure of the total amount of radiation contained in the data.Comment: 5 pages. Important corrections regarding the generalization to the non-time symmetric cas

    A Remark on Boundary Effects in Static Vacuum Initial Data sets

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    Let (M, g) be an asymptotically flat static vacuum initial data set with non-empty compact boundary. We prove that (M, g) is isometric to a spacelike slice of a Schwarzschild spacetime under the mere assumption that the boundary of (M, g) has zero mean curvature, hence generalizing a classic result of Bunting and Masood-ul-Alam. In the case that the boundary has constant positive mean curvature and satisfies a stability condition, we derive an upper bound of the ADM mass of (M, g) in terms of the area and mean curvature of the boundary. Our discussion is motivated by Bartnik's quasi-local mass definition.Comment: 10 pages, to be published in Classical and Quantum Gravit

    CYK Tensors, Maxwell Field and Conserved Quantities for Spin-2 Field

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    Starting from an important application of Conformal Yano--Killing tensors for the existence of global charges in gravity, some new observations at \scri^+ are given. They allow to define asymptotic charges (at future null infinity) in terms of the Weyl tensor together with their fluxes through \scri^+. It occurs that some of them play a role of obstructions for the existence of angular momentum. Moreover, new relations between solutions of the Maxwell equations and the spin-2 field are given. They are used in the construction of new conserved quantities which are quadratic in terms of the Weyl tensor. The obtained formulae are similar to the functionals obtained from the Bel--Robinson tensor.Comment: 20 pages, LaTe

    On The Capacity of Surfaces in Manifolds with Nonnegative Scalar Curvature

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    Given a surface in an asymptotically flat 3-manifold with nonnegative scalar curvature, we derive an upper bound for the capacity of the surface in terms of the area of the surface and the Willmore functional of the surface. The capacity of a surface is defined to be the energy of the harmonic function which equals 0 on the surface and goes to 1 at infinity. Even in the special case of Euclidean space, this is a new estimate. More generally, equality holds precisely for a spherically symmetric sphere in a spatial Schwarzschild 3-manifold. As applications, we obtain inequalities relating the capacity of the surface to the Hawking mass of the surface and the total mass of the asymptotically flat manifold.Comment: 18 page

    Gluing Initial Data Sets for General Relativity

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    We establish an optimal gluing construction for general relativistic initial data sets. The construction is optimal in two distinct ways. First, it applies to generic initial data sets and the required (generically satisfied) hypotheses are geometrically and physically natural. Secondly, the construction is completely local in the sense that the initial data is left unaltered on the complement of arbitrarily small neighborhoods of the points about which the gluing takes place. Using this construction we establish the existence of cosmological, maximal globally hyperbolic, vacuum space-times with no constant mean curvature spacelike Cauchy surfaces.Comment: Final published version - PRL, 4 page

    Perturbative Solutions of the Extended Constraint Equations in General Relativity

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    The extended constraint equations arise as a special case of the conformal constraint equations that are satisfied by an initial data hypersurface ZZ in an asymptotically simple spacetime satisfying the vacuum conformal Einstein equations developed by H. Friedrich. The extended constraint equations consist of a quasi-linear system of partial differential equations for the induced metric, the second fundamental form and two other tensorial quantities defined on ZZ, and are equivalent to the usual constraint equations that ZZ satisfies as a spacelike hypersurface in a spacetime satisfying Einstein's vacuum equation. This article develops a method for finding perturbative, asymptotically flat solutions of the extended constraint equations in a neighbourhood of the flat solution on Euclidean space. This method is fundamentally different from the `classical' method of Lichnerowicz and York that is used to solve the usual constraint equations.Comment: This third and final version has been accepted for publication in Communications in Mathematical Physic
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