376 research outputs found

### Construction of N-body initial data sets in general relativity

Given a collection of N solutions of the (3+1) vacuum Einstein constraint
equations which are asymptotically Euclidean, we show how to construct a new
solution of the constraints which is itself asymptotically Euclidean, and which
contains specified sub-regions of each of the N given solutions. This
generalizes earlier work which handled the time-symmetric case, thus providing
a construction of large classes of initial data for the many body problem in
general relativity

### Positive mass theorems for asymptotically AdS spacetimes with arbitrary cosmological constant

We formulate and prove the Lorentzian version of the positive mass theorems
with arbitrary negative cosmological constant for asymptotically AdS
spacetimes. This work is the continuation of the second author's recent work on
the positive mass theorem on asymptotically hyperbolic 3-manifolds.Comment: 17 pages, final version, to appear in International Journal of
Mathematic

### Specifying angular momentum and center of mass for vacuum initial data sets

We show that it is possible to perturb arbitrary vacuum asymptotically flat
spacetimes to new ones having exactly the same energy and linear momentum, but
with center of mass and angular momentum equal to any preassigned values
measured with respect to a fixed affine frame at infinity. This is in contrast
to the axisymmetric situation where a bound on the angular momentum by the mass
has been shown to hold for black hole solutions. Our construction involves
changing the solution at the linear level in a shell near infinity, and
perturbing to impose the vacuum constraint equations. The procedure involves
the perturbation correction of an approximate solution which is given
explicitly.Comment: (v2) a minor change in the introduction and a remark added after
Theorem 2.1; (v3) final version, appeared in Comm. Math. Phy

### Gluing construction of initial data with Kerr-de Sitter ends

We construct initial data sets which satisfy the vacuum constraint equa-
tions of General Relativity with positive cosmologigal constant. More pre-
silely, we deform initial data with ends asymptotic to Schwarzschild-de Sitter
to obtain non-trivial initial data with exactly Kerr-de Sitter ends. The method
is inspired from Corvino's gluing method. We obtain here a extension of a
previous result for the time-symmetric case by Chru\'sciel and Pollack.Comment: 27 pages, 3 figure

### A new geometric invariant on initial data for Einstein equations

For a given asymptotically flat initial data set for Einstein equations a new
geometric invariant is constructed. This invariant measure the departure of the
data set from the stationary regime, it vanishes if and only if the data is
stationary. In vacuum, it can be interpreted as a measure of the total amount
of radiation contained in the data.Comment: 5 pages. Important corrections regarding the generalization to the
non-time symmetric cas

### A Remark on Boundary Effects in Static Vacuum Initial Data sets

Let (M, g) be an asymptotically flat static vacuum initial data set with
non-empty compact boundary. We prove that (M, g) is isometric to a spacelike
slice of a Schwarzschild spacetime under the mere assumption that the boundary
of (M, g) has zero mean curvature, hence generalizing a classic result of
Bunting and Masood-ul-Alam. In the case that the boundary has constant positive
mean curvature and satisfies a stability condition, we derive an upper bound of
the ADM mass of (M, g) in terms of the area and mean curvature of the boundary.
Our discussion is motivated by Bartnik's quasi-local mass definition.Comment: 10 pages, to be published in Classical and Quantum Gravit

### CYK Tensors, Maxwell Field and Conserved Quantities for Spin-2 Field

Starting from an important application of Conformal Yano--Killing tensors for
the existence of global charges in gravity, some new observations at \scri^+
are given. They allow to define asymptotic charges (at future null infinity) in
terms of the Weyl tensor together with their fluxes through \scri^+. It
occurs that some of them play a role of obstructions for the existence of
angular momentum.
Moreover, new relations between solutions of the Maxwell equations and the
spin-2 field are given. They are used in the construction of new conserved
quantities which are quadratic in terms of the Weyl tensor. The obtained
formulae are similar to the functionals obtained from the
Bel--Robinson tensor.Comment: 20 pages, LaTe

### On The Capacity of Surfaces in Manifolds with Nonnegative Scalar Curvature

Given a surface in an asymptotically flat 3-manifold with nonnegative scalar
curvature, we derive an upper bound for the capacity of the surface in terms of
the area of the surface and the Willmore functional of the surface. The
capacity of a surface is defined to be the energy of the harmonic function
which equals 0 on the surface and goes to 1 at infinity. Even in the special
case of Euclidean space, this is a new estimate. More generally, equality holds
precisely for a spherically symmetric sphere in a spatial Schwarzschild
3-manifold. As applications, we obtain inequalities relating the capacity of
the surface to the Hawking mass of the surface and the total mass of the
asymptotically flat manifold.Comment: 18 page

### Gluing Initial Data Sets for General Relativity

We establish an optimal gluing construction for general relativistic initial
data sets. The construction is optimal in two distinct ways. First, it applies
to generic initial data sets and the required (generically satisfied)
hypotheses are geometrically and physically natural. Secondly, the construction
is completely local in the sense that the initial data is left unaltered on the
complement of arbitrarily small neighborhoods of the points about which the
gluing takes place. Using this construction we establish the existence of
cosmological, maximal globally hyperbolic, vacuum space-times with no constant
mean curvature spacelike Cauchy surfaces.Comment: Final published version - PRL, 4 page

### Perturbative Solutions of the Extended Constraint Equations in General Relativity

The extended constraint equations arise as a special case of the conformal
constraint equations that are satisfied by an initial data hypersurface $Z$ in
an asymptotically simple spacetime satisfying the vacuum conformal Einstein
equations developed by H. Friedrich. The extended constraint equations consist
of a quasi-linear system of partial differential equations for the induced
metric, the second fundamental form and two other tensorial quantities defined
on $Z$, and are equivalent to the usual constraint equations that $Z$ satisfies
as a spacelike hypersurface in a spacetime satisfying Einstein's vacuum
equation. This article develops a method for finding perturbative,
asymptotically flat solutions of the extended constraint equations in a
neighbourhood of the flat solution on Euclidean space. This method is
fundamentally different from the `classical' method of Lichnerowicz and York
that is used to solve the usual constraint equations.Comment: This third and final version has been accepted for publication in
Communications in Mathematical Physic

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