7,881 research outputs found

    K 3-22: a D-type symbiotic star

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    A goal of the IPHAS survey is to determine the frequency and nature of emission-line sources in the Galactic plane. According to our selection criteria, K 3-22 is a candidate symbiotic star, but it was previously classified as a planetary nebula. To determine its nature, we acquired a low-resolution optical spectrum of K 3-22. Our analysis of our spectroscopy demonstrates that K 3-22 is indeed a D-type symbiotic star, because of its high excitation nebular spectrum and the simultaneous presence of Raman-scattered O VI emission at 6825 and 7082 angstrom, which is detected primarily in symbiotic stars.Comment: 3 pages, 1 figure. Accepted for publication on Astronomy and Astrophysic

    New candidate planetary nebulae in M81

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    A 34 x 34 arcmin field centred on the spiral galaxy M81 has been searched for emission-line objects using the prime focus wide field camera (WFC) of the 2.54 m Isaac Newton Telescope (La Palma, Spain). A total of 171 candidate planetary nebulae (PNe) are found, 54 of which are in common with the ones detected by Jacoby et al. (1989). The behaviour of PNe excitation as a function of galactocentric distance is examined, and no significant variations are found. The PNe luminosity function is built for the disk and bulge of M81, separately. A distance modulus of 27.92+-0.23 mag is found for disk PNe, in good agreement with previous distance measurements for M81 (Jacoby et al. 1989; Huterer et al. 1995).Comment: 7 pages including 2 tables. A&A accepted; also available at http://www.iac.es/publicaciones/preprints.htm

    High-velocity collimated outflows in planetary nebulae: NGC 6337, He 2-186, and K 4-47

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    We have obtained narrow-band images and high-resolution spectra of the planetary nebulae NGC 6337, He 2-186, and K 4-47, with the aim of investigating the relation between their main morphological components and several low-ionization features present in these nebulae. The data suggest that NGC 6337 is a bipolar PN seen almost pole on, with polar velocities higher than 200 km/s. The bright inner ring of the nebula is interpreted to be the "equatorial" density enhancement. It contains a number of low-ionization knots and outward tails that we ascribe to dynamical instabilities leading to fragmentation of the ring or transient density enhancements due to the interaction of the ionization front with previous density fluctuations in the ISM. The lobes show a pronounced point-symmetric morphology and two peculiar low-ionization filaments whose nature remains unclear. The most notable characteristic of He 2-186 is the presence of two high-velocity (higher than 135 km/s) knots from which an S-shaped lane of emission departs toward the central star. K 4-47 is composed of a compact core and two high-velocity, low-ionization blobs. We interpret the substantial broadening of line emission from the blobs as a signature of bow shocks, and using the modeling of Hartigan, Raymond, & Hartman (1987), we derive a shock velocity of 150 km/s and a mild inclination of the outflow on the plane of the sky. We discuss possible scenarios for the formation of these nebulae and their low-ionization features. In particular, the morphology of K 4-47 hardly fits into any of the usually adopted mass-loss geometries for single AGB stars. Finally, we discuss the possibility that point-symmetric morphologies in the lobes of NGC 6337 and the knots of He 2-186 are the result of precessing outflows from the central stars.Comment: 16 pages plus 7 figures, ApJ accepted. Also available at http://www.iac.es/publicaciones/preprints.htm

    The new carbon symbiotic star IPHAS J205836.43+503307.2

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    We are performing a search for symbiotic stars using IPHAS, the INT Halpha survey of the northern Galactic plane, and follow-up observations. Candidate symbiotic stars are selected on the basis of their IPHAS and near-IR colours, and spectroscopy and photometry are obtained to determine their nature. We present here observations of the symbiotic star candidate IPHAS J205836.43+503307.2. The optical spectrum shows the combination of a number of emission lines, among which are the high-excitation species of [OIII], HeII, [Ca V], and [Fe VII], and a red continuum with the features of a star at the cool end of the carbon star sequence. The nebular component is spatially resolved: the analysis of the spatial profile of the [NII]6583 line in the spectrum indicates a linear size of ~2.5 arcsec along the east-west direction. Its velocity structure suggests an aspherical morphology. The near-infrared excess of the source, which was especially strong in 1999, indicated that a thick circumstellar dust shell was also present in the system. The carbon star has brightened in the last decade by two to four magnitudes at red and near-infrared wavelengths. Photometric monitoring during a period of 60 days from November 2010 to January 2011 reveals a slow luminosity decrease of 0.2 magnitudes. From the observed spectrophotometric properties and variability, we conclude that the source is a new Galactic symbiotic star of the D-type, of the rare kind that contains a carbon star, likely a carbon Mira. Only two other systems of this type are known in the Galaxy.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure

    A deep narrowband survey for planetary nebulae at the outskirts of M33

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    Context: Planetary nebulae (PNe) are excellent tracers of stellar populations with low surface brightness, and therefore provide a powerful method to detect and explore the rich system of substructures discovered around the main spiral galaxies of the Local Group. Aims: We searched the outskirts of the Local Group spiral galaxy M33 (the Triangulum) for PNe to gain new insights into the extended stellar substructure on the northern side of the disc and to study the existence of a faint classical halo. Methods: The search is based on wide field imaging covering a 4.5 square degree area out to a maximum projected distance of about 40 kpc from the centre of the galaxy. The PN candidates are detected by the combination of images obtained in narrowband filters selecting the [OIII]λ5007A˚\lambda5007\AA and Hα\alpha + [NII] nebular lines and in the continuum g' and r' broadband filters. Results:Inside the bright optical disc of M33, eight new PN candidates were identified, three of which were spectroscopically confirmed. No PN candidates were found outside the limits of the disc. Fourteen additional sources showing [OIII] excess were also discovered. Conclusions:The absence of bright PN candidates in the area outside the galaxy disc covered by this survey sets an upper limit to the luminosity of the underlying population of 1.6107L\mathrm{\sim1.6\cdot10^{7}L_{\odot}}, suggesting the lack of a massive classical halo, which is in agreement with the results obtained using the RGB population.Comment: 13 pages, 18 figure

    Jets, knots and tails in planetary nebulae: NGC 3918, K 1-2 and Wray 17-1

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    We analyze optical images and high-resolution, long-slit spectra of three planetary nebulae which possess collimated, low-ionization features. NGC 3918 is composed of an inner, spindle-shaped shell mildly inclined with respect to the plane of the sky. Departing from the polar regions of this shell, we find a two-sided jet expanding with velocities which increase linearly with distance from 50 to 100 km/s. The jet is probably coeval with the inner shell (with the age of approximately 1000 D yr, where D is the distance in kpc), suggesting that its formation should be ascribed to the same dynamical processes which also shaped the main nebula, and not to a more recent mass loss episode. We discuss the formation of the aspherical shell and jet in the light of current hydrodynamical and magnetohydrodynamical theories. K 1-2 is a planetary nebula with a close binary nucleus which shows a collimated string of knots embedded in a diffuse, elliptical shell. The knots expand with a velocity similar to that of the elliptical nebula (25 km/s), except for an extended tail located out of the main nebula, which linearly accelerates up to 45 km/s. We estimate an inclination on the line of the sight of 40 degres for the string of knots; once the orientation of the orbit is also determined, this information will allow us to test the prediction of current theories of the occurrence of polar jets from close binary systems. Wray 17-1 has a complex morphology, showing two pairs of low-ionization structures located in almost perpendicular directions from the central star, and embedded in a large, diffuse nebula. The two pairs show notable similarities and differences, and their origin is very puzzling.Comment: 20 pages plus 10 figures. ApJ recently published (ApJ 523, 721 (1999)