1,463 research outputs found

    Automorphisms of the UHF algebra that do not extend to the Cuntz algebra

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    Automorphisms of the canonical core UHF-subalgebra F_n of the Cuntz algebra O_n do not necessarily extend to automorphisms of O_n. Simple examples are discussed within the family of infinite tensor products of (inner) automorphisms of the matrix algebras M_n. In that case, necessary and sufficient conditions for the extension property are presented. It is also addressed the problem of extending to O_n the automorphisms of the diagonal D_n, which is a regular MASA with Cantor spectrum. In particular, it is shown the existence of product-type automorphisms of D_n that are not extensible to (possibly proper) endomorphisms of O_n

    Covariant Sectors with Infinite Dimension and Positivity of the Energy

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    We consider a Moebius covariant sector, possibly with infinite dimension, of a local conformal net of von Neumann algebras on the circle. If the sector has finite index, it has automatically positive energy. In the infinite index case, we show the spectrum of the energy always to contain the positive real line, but, as seen by an example, it may contain negative values. We then consider nets with Haag duality on the real line, or equivalently sectors with non-solitonic extension to the dual net; we give a criterion for irreducible sectors to have positive energy, namely this is the case iff there exists an unbounded Moebius covariant left inverse. As a consequence the class of sectors with positive energy is stable under composition, conjugation and direct integral decomposition.Comment: 25 pages, Latex2

    On discrete twisted C*-dynamical systems, Hilbert C*-modules and regularity

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    We first give an overview of the basic theory for discrete unital twisted C*-dynamical systems and their covariant representations on Hilbert C*-modules. After introducing the notion of equivariant representations of such systems and their product with covariant representations, we prove a kind of Fell absorption principle saying that the product of an induced regular equivariant representation with a covariant faithful representation is weakly equivalent to an induced regular covariant representation. This principle is the key to our main result, namely that a certain property, formally weaker than Exel's approximation property, ensures that the system is regular, i.e., the associated full and reduced C*-crossed products are canonically isomorphic.Comment: Final version, to appear in Muenster J. Math. A permanence result for the weak approximation property, some corollaries of it and two examples have been added to Section 5. Some side results in Section 4 have been removed and will be included in a subsequent paper. The Introduction has also been partly rewritte

    Classification of Subsystems for Local Nets with Trivial Superselection Structure

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    Let F be a local net of von Neumann algebras in four spacetime dimensions satisfying certain natural structural assumptions. We prove that if F has trivial superselection structure then every covariant, Haag-dual subsystem B is the fixed point net under a compact group action on one component in a suitable tensor product decomposition of F. Then we discuss some application of our result, including free field models and certain theories with at most countably many sectors.Comment: 31 pages, LaTe

    Labeled Trees and Localized Automorphisms of the Cuntz Algebras

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    We initiate a detailed and systematic study of automorphisms of the Cuntz algebras \O_n which preserve both the diagonal and the core UHFUHF-subalgebra. A general criterion of invertibility of endomorphisms yielding such automorphisms is given. Combinatorial investigations of endomorphisms related to permutation matrices are presented. Key objects entering this analysis are labeled rooted trees equipped with additional data. Our analysis provides insight into the structure of {\rm Aut}(\O_n) and leads to numerous new examples. In particular, we completely classify all such automorphisms of O2{\mathcal O}_2 for the permutation unitaries in ⊗4M2\otimes^4 M_2. We show that the subgroup of {\rm Out}(\O_2) generated by these automorphisms contains a copy of the infinite dihedral group Z⋊Z2{\mathbb Z} \rtimes {\mathbb Z}_2.Comment: 35 pages, slight changes, to appear on Trans. Amer. Math. So

    Asymptotic morphisms and superselection theory in the scaling limit II: analysis of some models

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    We introduced in a previous paper a general notion of asymptotic morphism of a given local net of observables, which allows to describe the sectors of a corresponding scaling limit net. Here, as an application, we illustrate the general framework by analyzing the Schwinger model, which features confined charges. In particular, we explicitly construct asymptotic morphisms for these sectors in restriction to the subnet generated by the derivatives of the field and momentum at time zero. As a consequence, the confined charges of the Schwinger model are in principle accessible to observation. We also study the obstructions, that can be traced back to the infrared singular nature of the massless free field in d=2, to perform the same construction for the complete Schwinger model net. Finally, we exhibit asymptotic morphisms for the net generated by the massive free charged scalar field in four dimensions, where no infrared problems appear in the scaling limit.Comment: 36 pages; no figure

    Scaling limit for subsystems and Doplicher-Roberts reconstruction

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    Given an inclusion B⊂FB \subset F of (graded) local nets, we analyse the structure of the corresponding inclusion of scaling limit nets B0⊂F0B_0 \subset F_0, giving conditions, fulfilled in free field theory, under which the unicity of the scaling limit of FF implies that of the scaling limit of BB. As a byproduct, we compute explicitly the (unique) scaling limit of the fixpoint nets of scalar free field theories. In the particular case of an inclusion A⊂BA \subset B of local nets with the same canonical field net FF, we find sufficient conditions which entail the equality of the canonical field nets of A0A_0 and B0B_0.Comment: 31 page

    The Fourier–Stieltjes algebra of a C*-dynamical system

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    In analogy with the Fourier–Stieltjes algebra of a group, we associate to a unital discrete twisted C∗-dynamical system a Banach algebra whose elements are coefficients of equivariant representations of the system. Building upon our previous work, we show that this Fourier–Stieltjes algebra embeds continuously in the Banach algebra of completely bounded multipliers of the (reduced or full) C∗-crossed product of the system. We introduce a notion of positive definiteness and prove a Gelfand–Raikov type theorem allowing us to describe the Fourier–Stieltjes algebra of a system in a more intrinsic way. We also propose a definition of amenability for C∗-dynamical systems and show that it implies regularity. After a study of some natural commutative subalgebras, we end with a characterization of the Fourier–Stieltjes algebra involving C∗-correspondences over the (reduced or full) C∗-crossed product
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