1,284 research outputs found

    The Missing X-ray Background

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    The fraction of the hard X-ray background (XRB) resolved into individual sources by the deep Chandra and XMM-Newton surveys strongly depends on the adopted energy range and decreases with increasing energy. As a consequence, the nature of the sources of the even harder (>10 keV) XRB remains observationally poorly constrained. I will briefly discuss the need for X-ray observations above 10 keV.Comment: to appear in the proceedings of 'Multiwavelength AGN surveys' (Cozumel, December 8-12 2003), ed. R. Maiolino and R. Mujic

    ASCA spectroscopy of the luminous infrared galaxy NGC6240: X-ray emission from a starburst and a buried active nucleus

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    We present an X-ray spectral study of the prototype far-infrared galaxy NGC6240 from ASCA. The soft X-ray spectrum (below 2 keV) shows clear signatures of thermal emission well described with a multi-temperature optically-thin plasma, which probably originates in a powerful starburst. Strong hard X-ray emission is also detected with ASCA and its spectrum above 3 keV is extremely flat with a prominent iron K line complex, very similar to that seen in the Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC1068 but about an order of magnitude more luminous [L(3-10keV)=1.4E42 erg/s]. The hard X-ray spectrum indicates that only reflected X-rays of an active galactic nucleus (AGN) buried in a heavy obscuration [N(H)>2E24 cm-2] are visible. This is evidence for an AGN in NGC6240 emitting possibly at a quasar luminosity and suggests its significant contribution to the far-infrared luminosity.Comment: 9 pages, 6 Postscript figures, to appear in MNRA

    The contribution of AGN to the X-ray background: the effect of iron features

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    The contribution of the iron emission line, commonly detected in the X-ray spectra of Seyfert (Sey) galaxies, to the cosmic X-ray background (XRB) spectrum is evaluated in the framework of the XRB synthesis models based on AGN unification schemes. To derive the mean line properties, we have carried out a search in the literature covering a sample of about 70 AGN. When adopting line parameters in agreement with the observations, it turns out that the maximum contribution of the iron line to the XRB is less than 7% at a few keV. This is still below the present uncertainties in the XRB spectrum measurements.Comment: 21 LaTeX pages with 5 Postscript figures. Accepted for publication in New Astronom