52,559 research outputs found

    Reliance Remedies at the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes

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    Examines situations in which the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes has awarded damages for the cost of the investment, which may be compared to the contract law concept of reliance damages. Notes that this measure of damages is often used where lost profits are difficult to calculate because of the speculative nature of the future investment

    Institutionalized Fact Finding at the WTO

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    This short article argues that the WTO should have a standing agency to conduct fact finding in order to correct evidentiary deficiencies in submissions by members to panels during dispute settlement. This will compensate for both the incapacity to produce full disclosure on the part of developing nations and the unwillingness to do so from other members due to strategic reasons or purposes of confidentiality. It is suggested that such an investigatory mandate could fit into the panels’ existing right to seek information or within the broad scope of powers granted tribunals in international law. Separation between fact finding and decision-making achieved by a specialized fact finding body would insure judicial impartiality and promote legitimacy

    The International Bar Association and Trade in Legal Services: Meta Law-Making in International Economic Law?

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    This article presents the International Bar Association as a highly-influential but often overlooked non-state actor through the lens of its involvement in the standardization of Mutual Recognition Agreements (MRA)s for legal services. Not only do most MRAs contemplate the active involvement of professional bodies such as law societies and bar associations in their construction and monitoring, the IBA’s guidelines for MRAs inform the content of these agreements, facilitating the practice of international law by a more highly mobile profession. This in turn underpins the capacity of the community of international lawyers to exercise their technical expertise to influence other non-state actors, exemplifying what may be described as the IBA’s “meta-lawmaking” on the global stage. As there has been poor uptake of MRAs by developing countries, initiatives of the IBA could help establish mutual recognition for legal services in the developing world

    The sport coach

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    Chapter Objectives After completing this chapter you should be able to: 1. Understand some of the core differences between coaching requirements in participation and performance domains. 2. Discuss diverse models of sports coaching and how these differ in terms of their emphasis, strengths, and limitations. 3. Describe a range of key factors which impact on the coaching process and how these can be integrated through a focus on professional judgment and decision making. 4. Describe some crucial skills that can help coaches to understand and manage the complex and dynamic environments in which they work and best lead performers