30,313 research outputs found

    Comment on some proposed mechanisms for attenuation of third sound

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    Two explanations have been proposed for an apparent discrepancy between theoretical prediction and experimental measurement of third-sound attenuation. One of these proposes a new "macroscopic quantum uncertainly principle," and the other proceeds via nonlinear, anharmonic effects due to zero-point fluctuations. We argue that neither suggestion is acceptable

    Anomalous low temperature specific heat of He-3 inside nanotube bundles

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    Helium atoms and hydrogen molecules can be strongly bound inside interstitial channels within bundles of carbon nanotubes. An exploration of the low energy and low temperature properties of He-3 atoms is presented here. Recent study of the analogous He-4 system has shown that the effect of heterogeneity is to yield a density of states N(E) that is qualitatively different from the one-dimensional (1D) form of N(E) that would occur for an ideal set of identical channels. In particular, the functional form of N(E) is that of a 4D gas near the very lowest energies and a 2D gas at somewhat higher energies. Similar behavior is found here for He-3. The resulting thermodynamic behavior of this fermi system is computed, yielding an anomalous form of the heat capacity and its dependence on coverage.Comment: 11 pages, 6 figure

    Bound state of dimers on a spherical surface

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    The study of particle motion on spherical surfaces is relevant to adsorption on buckyballs and other solid particles. This paper reports results for the binding energy of such dimers, consisting of two light particles (He atoms or hydrogen molecules) constrained to move on a spherical surface. The binding energy reaches a particularly large value when the radius of the sphere is about 3/4 of the particles' diameter.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, submitted to JLTP, conference proceedings QFS 200

    Quantum fluids in nanopores

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    We describe calculations of the properties of quantum fluids inside nanotubes of various sizes. Very small radius (RR) pores confine the gases to a line, so that a one-dimensional (1D) approximation is applicable; the low temperature behavior of 1D 4^4He is discussed. Somewhat larger pores permit the particles to move off axis, resulting eventually in a transition to a cylindrical shell phase--a thin film near the tube wall; we explored this behavior for H2_2. At even larger R∼1R\sim 1 nm, both the shell phase and an axial phase are present. Results showing strong binding of cylindrical liquids 4^4He and 3^3He are discussed.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figures, uses ws-ijmpb, graphicx, xspace; minor revisions from version published in Proc. 13th Intl. Conference on Recent Progress in Many-Body Theories (QMBT13), Buenos Aires, 200

    Dilation-induced phases of gases absorbed within a bundle of carbon nanotubes

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    A study is presented of the effects of gas (especially H2) absorption within the interstitial channels of a bundle of carbon nanotubes. The ground state of the system is determined by minimizing the total energy, which includes the molecules' interaction with the tubes, the inter-tube interaction, and the molecules' mutual interaction (which is screened by the tubes). The consequences of swelling include a significant increase in the gas uptake and a 3 per cent increase in the tubes' breathing mode frecuency.Comment: 4 page
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