997 research outputs found

    Mapping local Hamiltonians of fermions to local Hamiltonians of spins

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    We show how to map local fermionic problems onto local spin problems on a lattice in any dimension. The main idea is to introduce auxiliary degrees of freedom, represented by Majorana fermions, which allow us to extend the Jordan-Wigner transformation to dimensions higher than one. We also discuss the implications of our results in the numerical investigation of fermionic systems.Comment: Added explicit mappin

    Ensemble Quantum Computation with atoms in periodic potentials

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    We show how to perform universal quantum computation with atoms confined in optical lattices which works both in the presence of defects and without individual addressing. The method is based on using the defects in the lattice, wherever they are, both to ``mark'' different copies on which ensemble quantum computation is carried out and to define pointer atoms which perform the quantum gates. We also show how to overcome the problem of scalability on this system

    Bose-Einstein Condensation and strong-correlation behavior of phonons in ion traps

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    We show that the dynamics of phonons in a set of trapped ions interacting with lasers is described by a Bose-Hubbard model whose parameters can be externally adjusted. We investigate the possibility of observing several quantum many-body phenomena, including (quasi) Bose-Einstein condensation as well as a superfluid-Mott insulator quantum phase transition.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Matrix product states represent ground states faithfully

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    We quantify how well matrix product states approximate exact ground states of 1-D quantum spin systems as a function of the number of spins and the entropy of blocks of spins. We also investigate the convex set of local reduced density operators of translational invariant systems. The results give a theoretical justification for the high accuracy of renormalization group algorithms, and justifies their use even in the case of critical systems

    Equivalence classes of non-local unitary operations

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    We study when a multipartite non--local unitary operation can deterministically or probabilistically simulate another one when local operations of a certain kind -in some cases including also classical communication- are allowed. In the case of probabilistic simulation and allowing for arbitrary local operations, we provide necessary and sufficient conditions for the simulation to be possible. Deterministic and probabilistic interconversion under certain kinds of local operations are used to define equivalence relations between gates. In the probabilistic, bipartite case this induces a finite number of classes. In multiqubit systems, however, two unitary operations typically cannot simulate each other with non-zero probability of success. We also show which kind of entanglement can be created by a given non--local unitary operation and generalize our results to arbitrary operators.Comment: (1) 9 pages, no figures, submitted to QIC; (2) reference added, minor change

    Continuous Matrix Product States for Quantum Fields

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    We define matrix product states in the continuum limit, without any reference to an underlying lattice parameter. This allows to extend the density matrix renormalization group and variational matrix product state formalism to quantum field theories and continuum models in 1 spatial dimension. We illustrate our procedure with the Lieb-Liniger model

    Renormalization and tensor product states in spin chains and lattices

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    We review different descriptions of many--body quantum systems in terms of tensor product states. We introduce several families of such states in terms of known renormalization procedures, and show that they naturally arise in that context. We concentrate on Matrix Product States, Tree Tensor States, Multiscale Entanglement Renormalization Ansatz, and Projected Entangled Pair States. We highlight some of their properties, and show how they can be used to describe a variety of systems.Comment: Review paper for the special issue of J. Phys.
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