2,962 research outputs found

    Bose-Einstein Correlations in Multihadron Events at LEP

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    Bose-Einstein correlations in pairs of identical particles were analyzed in e+ e- multihadron annihilations at ~91.2 GeV at LEP. The first studies involved identical charged pions and the emitting source size was determined. Then the study of charged kaons suggested that the radius depends on the mass of the emitted particles. Subsequenty the dependence of the source radius on the event multiplicity was analyzed. The study of the correlations in neutral pions and neutral kaons extended these concepts to neutral particles. The shape of the source was analyzed in 3 dimensions and was found not to be spherically symmetric. In recent studies at LEP the correlations were analyzed in intervals of the average pair transverse momentum and of the pair rapidity to study the correlations between the pion production points and their momenta (position-momentum correlations). The latest e+ e- data are consistent with an expanding source.Comment: 8 pages, 10 eps figures. Invited paper at the ``Ninth Workshop on Non Perturbative QCD'', Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, Paris, France, 4-8 June 200

    The sentiment analysis of tweets as a new tool to measure public perception of male erectile and ejaculatory dysfunctions

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    Twitter is a social network based on "tweets," short messages of up to 280 characters. Social media has been investigated in health care research to ascertain positive or negative feelings associated with several conditions but never in sexual medicin

    Tremor in motor neuron disease may be central rather than peripheral in origin

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    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Motor neuron disease (MND) refers to a spectrum of degenerative diseases affecting motor neurons. Recent clinical and post-mortem observations have revealed considerable variability in the phenotype. Rhythmic involuntary oscillations of the hands during action, resembling tremor, can occur in MND, but their pathophysiology has not yet been investigated. METHODS: A total of 120 consecutive patients with MND were screened for tremor. Twelve patients with action tremor and no other movement disorders were found. Ten took part in the study. Tremor was recorded bilaterally using surface electromyography (EMG) and triaxial accelerometer, with and without a variable weight load. Power spectra of rectified EMG and accelerometric signal were calculated. To investigate a possible cerebellar involvement, eyeblink classic conditioning was performed in five patients. RESULTS: Action tremor was present in about 10% of our population. All patients showed distal postural tremor of low amplitude and constant frequency, bilateral with a small degree of asymmetry. Two also showed simple kinetic tremor. A peak at the EMG and accelerometric recordings ranging from 4 to 12 Hz was found in all patients. Loading did not change peak frequency in either the electromyographic or accelerometric power spectra. Compared with healthy volunteers, patients had a smaller number of conditioned responses during eyeblink classic conditioning. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that patients with MND can present with action tremor of a central origin, possibly due to a cerebellar dysfunction. This evidence supports the novel idea of MND as a multisystem neurodegenerative disease and that action tremor can be part of this condition

    User study on 3D multitouch interaction (3DMi) and gaze on surface computing

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    On a multitouch table, user’s interactions with 3D virtual representations of real objects should be influenced by task and their perceived physical characteristics. This article explores the development and user study of an interactive 3D application that allows users to explore virtual heritage objects on a surface device. To-date, most multitouch has focused on 2D or 2.5D systems. A user-study is reported where we analyse their multimodal behaviour – specifically how they interact on a surface device with objects that have similar properties to physical versions and the users’ associated gaze patterns with touch. The study reveals that gaze characteristics are different according to their interaction intention in terms of position and duration of visual attention. We discovered that virtual objects afford the perception of haptic attributes ascribed to their equivalent physical objects, and that differences in the summary statistics of gaze showed consistent characteristics between people and differences between natural and task based activities. An awareness of user behaviours using natural gestures can inform the design of interactive 3D applications which complements the user’s model of past experience with physical objects and with GUI interaction

    Fatigue failure and success rate of lithium disilicate table-tops as a function of cement thickness

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    Purpose: Under thin, partial coverage restoration the proper cement thickness to be clinically employed still remains an issue. The aim of this study was to determine the failure and success rates of simplified lithium disilicate occlusal veneers as a function of cement thickness. The null hypothesis was that cement thickness has no effect on the fatigue resistance. Methods: Sound human molars were severed in a plane parallel to the occlusal surface to create a flat dentin surface surrounded by enamel edges. Forty-five occlusal veneers 1.0 mm thick (IPS e.max CAD LT) were luted to the teeth with Multilink Automix resin cement, creating 3 experimental groups (n=15) with cement thicknesses of 50, 100, and 200 µm. The restorations were fatigue-cycled using a ball mill machine containing zirconia and stainless steel spheres. Twelve 60 min cycles were performed. Survival statistics were applied to “failure” and “success” events, comparing the three groups using a log-rank Mantel– Cox test and a log-rank test for trends (alpha = 0.05). Results: The failure and success rates were not significantly influenced by cement thickness (P = 0.137 and P = 0.872, respectively); thus, the null hypothesis was accepted. However, when log-rank test for trends was applied to failure events, the tendency to have less failures with increasing thicknesses was found statistically significant (P = 0.047). Conclusions: The cement thickness within the range adopted here did not have a significant effect on the failure or success rate of lithium disilicate occlusal veneers when exposed to randomized impact stresses generating fatigue phenomena

    mycosis fungoides in childhood description and study of two siblings

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    Primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas are exceedingly rare in children and adolescents. However, mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most frequent primary cutaneous lymphoma diagnosed in childhood. Two cases of MF in siblings (a 14-year-old boy and his 10-year-old sister) are reported. On the basis of clinical features (histopathological and immunophenotypical findings) a diagnosis of MF patch lesions was made in both siblings. Since recent data in the literature have underlined a high frequency of the HLA-DQB1*03 allele in patients with familial MF (including child patients), the HLA profile of the patients was analysed, indicating the presence of a haplotype (HLA-DQB1*03,*03 in the girl, HLA-DQB1*02,*03 in the boy) corresponding with that described in recent literature. Two rare and exceptional cases of MF in siblings are reported, highlighting the presence of a peculiar haplotype

    Glycaemic Control with Insulin Glargine 300 U/mL in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease: A REALI European Pooled Data Analysis

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    Introduction: Management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in patients with chronic kidney disease is complex. Using the REALI European pooled database, we determined the impact of baseline renal function on the effectiveness and safety of insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) initiated in adults with inadequately controlled T2DM. Methods: Data from 1712 patients with available estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at baseline were pooled from six 24-week prospective studies. Patients who received once-daily subcutaneous injections of Gla-300 were classified into four renal function subgroups, according to baseline eGFR: ≥ 90 (N = 599), 60–89 (N = 786), 45–59 (N = 219), and 15–44 mL/min/1.73 m2 (N = 108). Results: Compared to those with baseline eGFR ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, patients with lower eGFR values tended to be older, had a longer T2DM duration, and were more likely to present diabetic complications. After 24 weeks of Gla-300 therapy, the least-squares mean (95% confidence interval) decrease in haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) from baseline (− 1.14% [− 1.28 to − 1.00], − 1.21% [− 1.34 to − 1.08], − 1.19% [− 1.36 to − 1.01], and − 0.99% [− 1.22 to − 0.76]) and the proportion of patients achieving HbA1c < 7.5% (53.3%, 51.3%, 49.5%, and 51.5%) were comparable in the ≥ 90, 60–89, 45–59, and 15–44 mL/min/1.73 m2 subgroups, respectively. Although the incidence of hypoglycaemia was overall low, more patients in the eGFR 15–44 mL/min/1.73 m2 subgroup experienced hypoglycaemia at night or at any time of the day compared with higher eGFR subgroups. There were no notable differences between the renal function subgroups in the changes in Gla-300 daily dose and body weight from baseline to week 24. Conclusion: Although an eGFR of 15–44 mL/min/1.73 m2 was associated with a slightly increased risk of hypoglycaemia among patients with inadequately controlled T2DM, Gla-300 provided glycaemic improvement with an overall favourable safety profile regardless of baseline eGFR
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