963 research outputs found

    MacIntyrean Virtue Ethics and Institutional Logics – a Case Study in the Confucian Context of SMEs in Taiwan

    Get PDF
    This study explores whether MacIntyrean virtue ethics concepts are applicable in non- Western business contexts, specifically in SMEs in Taiwan, a country strongly influenced by the Confucian tradition. Based on case study research, the findings support the generalisability of the MacIntyrean framework to both a Confucian context and to small firms. The study also explores similarities and differences existing between different polities in this respect, and specifically interprets observed differences between the Taiwanese study and previous studies conducted in Europe and Asia. Drawing on the institutional logics perspective and combining this with MacIntyrean concepts, the differences between the studies are explained largely by reference to the Confucian tradition operating at both the micro-level within firms and at the macro-level as a means of harmonising the potentially competing institutional logics to which firms are subject. The recent weakening of this tradition, however, suggests that increased conflict may characterise the future. Furthermore, this combination of concepts from the institutional logics perspective with those from MacIntyrean virtue ethics is used to create a new hybrid model of the institutional environment incorporating aspects of morality and rationality. The strengths of this model are demonstrated by its use in analysing the institutional environment in operation within Taiwanese SMEs

    Let\u27s Plead For Justice And Pray For Healing

    Get PDF

    Effects of Collaboration in an Online Environment on ESL Tertiary Students’ Writing and Reflective Thinking

    Get PDF
    Based on a descriptive study, the main aim of this study was to observe and examine the effects of collaboration versus non-collaboration on students’ writing and reflective thinking skills in an online learning environment. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, students engaged in both collaborative online writing tasks and non-collaborative online writing tasks were observed. The findings of the study indicate possible pedagogical implications for the planning and teaching of an academic writing program for ESL students in an institution of higher learning. They support the relevance of creating a collaborative learning environment in which the act of reflection is integrated to enhance and stimulate students’ cognitive processes and enable them to improve in their writing skills. The findings also show that how students behave in an online collaborative environment influences the way students think and regulate the various writing processes. The study provides evidence that the collaborative learning environment can be a channel to trigger students’ reflective thinking to help them integrate and link ideas learnt at the surface level and to negotiate meaning using higher order thinking skills. The interactive and reflective discussions generated during online collaboration enhanced and provided opportunities for students to transform learning and as a result, improve their writing skills. The study shows that the combination of these two strategies empowered students to hone the behaviours that support successful collaboration and enhanced students’ metacognitive awareness to adopt a deep approach to learning and writing. In conclusion, the study shows that the implementation of telecollaboration and structured reflection during the teaching and learning of writing among ESL tertiary students can encourage students to share and discuss their thoughts and build ideas. The learning environment, which simulates a real life situation, allows students to get into a relationship with the writing tasks and motivate them to negotiate meaning at a deeper level

    The nature of the self, self‑regulation and moral action: implications from the Confucian relational self and Buddhist non‑self

    Get PDF
    YesThe concept of the self and its relation to moral action is complex and subject to varying interpretations, not only between different academic disciplines but also across time and space. This paper presents empirical evidence from a cross-cultural study on the Buddhist and Confucian notions of self in SMEs in Vietnam and Taiwan. The study employs Hwang’s Mandala Model of the Self, and its extension into Shiah’s non-self-model, to interpret how these two Eastern philosophical representations of the self, the Confucian relational self and Buddhist non-self, can lead to moral action. By demonstrating the strengths of the model, emphasizing how social and cultural influences constrain the individual self and promote the social person leading to moral action, the paper extends understanding of the self with empirical evidence of the mechanisms involved in organizational context

    A study of the students\u27 attitudes toward the use of peer teaching in the educational media course at the University of Northern Iowa

    Get PDF
    Traditionally, learning and teaching situations from elementary school through higher education do not provide opportunities for students to use each other as resources. In fact, more often than not the teacher is their main source of information and help. Such traditional modes of teaching has placed emphasis on individualizing instruction, i.e., self-paced instruction and competition. According to Johnson (cited in Waggoner,1971), in such teaching situations which are outcome-based, very little attention has been given to how students should relate to each other while working on instructional tasks. Collaborative learning modes, on the other hand, focus on learning as a cooperative undertaking (Pierce, 1982). People using a collaborative approach share not only the answers but also the processes used to derive the answers as well. Pierce suggests that the collaborative teaching and learning model is not limited to peer and cross-age tutoring for students at elementary and secondary levels, but also includes team teaching, consulting, and professional pairing on the higher education and adult education levels

    Entrepreneurs’ Passion, Home Country’s Institutional Voids and Small Firm Internationalization

    Get PDF
    The international entrepreneurship literature has revealed that entrepreneurs’ psychological characteristics drive a firm’s degree of internationalization. However, drivers that relate to entrepreneurs’ passion are not well developed in the international entrepreneurship literature. To fill this gap, this study uses a sample of 233 small firms to examine how entrepreneurs’ passion is related to small firms’ degree of internationalization and it also investigates whether this relationship is affected by levels of the home country’s institutional voids. The results show that passion is positively related to firms’ degree of internationalization and this relationship is positively moderated by levels of institutional voids. Implications for theory and practice are discussed

    Exact exchange-correlation potential for a time-dependent two electron system

    Get PDF
    We obtain an exact solution of the time-dependent Schroedinger equation for a two-electron system confined to a plane by an isotropic parabolic potential whose curvature is periodically modulated in time. From this solution we compute the exact time-dependent exchange correlation potential v_xc which enters the Kohn-Sham equation of time-dependent density functional theory. Our exact result provides a benchmark against which various approximate forms for v_xc can be compared. Finally v_xc is separated in an adiabatic and a pure dynamical part and it is shown that, for the particular system studied, the dynamical part is negligible.Comment: 23 pages, 6 figure
    corecore