7,124 research outputs found

    Structure of super-families

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    At present the study of nuclear interactions induced by cosmic rays is the unique source of information on the nuclear interactions in the energy region above 10 to the 15th power eV. The phenomena in this energy region are observed by air shower arrays or emulsion chambers installed at high mountain. An emulsion chamber is the pile of lead plates and photo-sensitive layers (nuclear emulsion plates and/or X-ray films) used to detect electron showers. High spatial resolution of photographic material used in the emulsion chamber enables the observation of the phenomena in detail, and recent experiments of emulsion chamber with large area are being carried out at high mountain altitudes by several groups in the world

    Extremely high energy hadron and gamma-ray families(3). Core structure of the halo of superfamily

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    The study of the core structure seen in the halo of Mini-Andromeda 3(M.A.3), which was observed in the Chacaltaya emulsion chamber, is presented. On the assumption that lateral distribution of darkness of the core is exponential type, i.e., D=D0exp(-R/r0), subtraction of D from halo darkness is performed until the cores are gone. The same quantity on cores obtained by this way are summarized. The analysis is preliminary and is going to be developed

    Mini-clusters

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    Experimental results of mini-clusters observed in Chacaltaya emulsion chamber no.19 are summarized. The study was made on 54 single core shower upper and 91 shower clusters of E(gamma) 10 TeV from 30 families which are visible energy greater than 80 TeV and penetrate through both upper and lower detectors of the two-story chamber. The association of hadrons in mini-cluster is made clear from their penetrative nature and microscopic observation of shower continuation in lower chamber. Small P sub t (gamma) of hadrons in mini-clusters remained in puzzle

    Adaptive saccade controller inspired by the primates' cerebellum

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    Saccades are fast eye movements that allow humans and robots to bring the visual target in the center of the visual field. Saccades are open loop with respect to the vision system, thus their execution require a precise knowledge of the internal model of the oculomotor system. In this work, we modeled the saccade control, taking inspiration from the recurrent loops between the cerebellum and the brainstem. In this model, the brainstem acts as a fixed-inverse model of the oculomotor system, while the cerebellum acts as an adaptive element that learns the internal model of the oculomotor system. The adaptive filter is implemented using a state-of-the-art neural network, called I-SSGPR. The proposed approach, namely recurrent architecture, was validated through experiments performed both in simulation and on an antropomorphic robotic head. Moreover, we compared the recurrent architecture with another model of the cerebellum, the feedback error learning. Achieved results show that the recurrent architecture outperforms the feedback error learning in terms of accuracy and insensitivity to the choice of the feedback controller

    Cerebellum-based Adaptation for Fine Haptic Control over the Space of Uncertain Surfaces

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    This work aims to augment the capacities for haptic perception in the iCub robot to generate a controller for surface exploration. The main task involves moving the hand over an irregular surface with uncertain slope, by concurrently regulating the pressure of the contact. Providing this ability will enable the autonomous extraction of important haptic features, such as texture and shape. We propose a hand controller whose operational space is defined over the surface of contact. The surface is estimated using a robust probabilistic estimator, which is then used for path planning. The motor commands are generated using a feedback controller, taking advantage of the kinematic information available by proprioception. Finally, the effectiveness of this controller is extended using a cerebellar-like adapter that generates reliable pressure tracking over the finger and results in a trajectory with less vulnerability to perturbations. The results of this work are consistent with insights about the role of the cerebellum on haptic perception in humans

    Nonextensive statistical effects in the hadron to quark-gluon phase transition

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    We investigate the relativistic equation of state of hadronic matter and quark-gluon plasma at finite temperature and baryon density in the framework of the nonextensive statistical mechanics, characterized by power-law quantum distributions. We study the phase transition from hadronic matter to quark-gluon plasma by requiring the Gibbs conditions on the global conservation of baryon number and electric charge fraction. We show that nonextensive statistical effects play a crucial role in the equation of state and in the formation of mixed phase also for small deviations from the standard Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics.Comment: 13 pages, 10 figure
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