921 research outputs found

    Presupernova evolution and explosive nucleosynthesis of zero metal massive stars

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    We present a new set of zero metallicity models in the range 13-80 M⊙\rm M_\odot together to the associated explosive nucleosynthesis. These models are fully homogeneous with the solar metallicity set we published in Limongi & Chieffi (2006) and will be freely available at the web site http://www.iasf-roma.inaf.it./orfeo/public{\_}html. A comparison between these yields and an average star that represents the average behavior of most of the very metal poor stars in the range −5.0<[Fe/H]<−2.5\rm -5.0<[Fe/H]<-2.5 confirms previous findings that only a fraction of the elemental [X/Fe] may be fitted by the ejecta of standard\it standard core collapse supernovae.Comment: 39 pages, 8 figures, 2 tables, accepted for publication in ApJ

    How did the metals in a giant star originate?

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    The chemical composition of stars with extremely low metal contents (taking ``metals'' to mean all elements other than hydrogen and helium) provides us with information on the masses of the stars that produced the first metals. Such a direct connection is not possible, however, if the surface of the star has been polluted by enriched material, either dredged from the star's interior or transferred from a companion star. Here we argue that, in the case of HE0107-5240 (ref. 1), the most iron poor star known, the oxygen abundance could be a discriminant: a ratio of [O/Fe] exceeding +3.5 would favour a pristine origin of metals, whereas an [O/Fe] ratio of less than +3 would favour the pollution hypothesis. Using this criterion, we suggest how the required information on oxygen abundance might be obtained.Comment: to appear in Nature Brief Communications issue 24 April 200

    Massive Stars in the Range 13−25M⊙\rm 13-25 M_\odot: Evolution and Nucleosynthesis. II. the Solar Metallicity Models

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    We present the evolutionary properties of a set of massive stellar models (namely 13, 15, 20 and 25 M⊙\rm M_\odot) from the main sequence phase up to the onset of the iron core collapse. All these models have initial solar chemical composition, i.e. Y=0.285 and Z=0.02. A 179 isotope network, extending from neutron up to 68Zn\rm ^{68}Zn and fully coupled to the evolutionary code has been adopted from the Carbon burning onward. Our results are compared, whenever possible, to similar computations available in literature.Comment: 42 pages, 18 figures, 26 tables, accepted for publicatin in ApJ

    The metal and dust yields of the first massive stars

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    We quantify the role of Population (Pop) III core-collapse supernovae (SNe) as the first cosmic dust polluters. Starting from a homogeneous set of stellar progenitors with masses in the range [13 - 80] Msun, we find that the mass and composition of newly formed dust depend on the mixing efficiency of the ejecta and the degree of fallback experienced during the explosion. For standard Pop III SNe, whose explosions are calibrated to reproduce the average elemental abundances of Galactic halo stars with [Fe/H] < -2.5, between 0.18 and 3.1 Msun (0.39 - 1.76 Msun) of dust can form in uniformly mixed (unmixed) ejecta, and the dominant grain species are silicates. We also investigate dust formation in the ejecta of faint Pop III SN, where the ejecta experience a strong fallback. By examining a set of models, tailored to minimize the scatter with the abundances of carbon-enhanced Galactic halo stars with [Fe/H ] < -4, we find that amorphous carbon is the only grain species that forms, with masses in the range 2.7 10^{-3} - 0.27 Msun (7.5 10^{-4} - 0.11 Msun) for uniformly mixed (unmixed) ejecta models. Finally, for all the models we estimate the amount and composition of dust that survives the passage of the reverse shock, and find that, depending on circumstellar medium densities, between 3 and 50% (10 - 80%) of dust produced by standard (faint) Pop III SNe can contribute to early dust enrichment.Comment: Accepted by MNRAS, 22 pages, 12 figures, 12 table

    Evolution, Explosion and Nucleosynthesis of Core Collapse Supernovae

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    We present a new set of presupernova evolutions and explosive yields of massive stars of initial solar composition (Y=0.285, Z=0.02) in the mass range 13-35 Msun. All the models have been computed with the latest version (4.97) of the FRANEC code that now includes a nuclear network extending from neutrons to Mo98. The explosive nucleosynthesis has been computed twice: a first one with an hydro code and a second one following the simpler radiation dominated shock approximation (RDA).Comment: 20 pages, 10 figures, 12 tables. Accepted for publication on Ap

    Hot Cores : Probes of High-Redshift Galaxies

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    The very high rates of second generation star formation detected and inferred in high redshift objects should be accompanied by intense millimetre-wave emission from hot core molecules. We calculate the molecular abundances likely to arise in hot cores associated with massive star formation at high redshift, using several independent models of metallicity in the early Universe. If the number of hot cores exceeds that in the Milky Way Galaxy by a factor of at least one thousand, then a wide range of molecules in high redshift hot cores should have detectable emission. It should be possible to distinguish between independent models for the production of metals and hence hot core molecules should be useful probes of star formation at high redshift.Comment: Updated to correspond to version accepted by MNRA
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