27,102 research outputs found

    Complexity Analysis of Reed-Solomon Decoding over GF(2^m) Without Using Syndromes

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    For the majority of the applications of Reed-Solomon (RS) codes, hard decision decoding is based on syndromes. Recently, there has been renewed interest in decoding RS codes without using syndromes. In this paper, we investigate the complexity of syndromeless decoding for RS codes, and compare it to that of syndrome-based decoding. Aiming to provide guidelines to practical applications, our complexity analysis differs in several aspects from existing asymptotic complexity analysis, which is typically based on multiplicative fast Fourier transform (FFT) techniques and is usually in big O notation. First, we focus on RS codes over characteristic-2 fields, over which some multiplicative FFT techniques are not applicable. Secondly, due to moderate block lengths of RS codes in practice, our analysis is complete since all terms in the complexities are accounted for. Finally, in addition to fast implementation using additive FFT techniques, we also consider direct implementation, which is still relevant for RS codes with moderate lengths. Comparing the complexities of both syndromeless and syndrome-based decoding algorithms based on direct and fast implementations, we show that syndromeless decoding algorithms have higher complexities than syndrome-based ones for high rate RS codes regardless of the implementation. Both errors-only and errors-and-erasures decoding are considered in this paper. We also derive tighter bounds on the complexities of fast polynomial multiplications based on Cantor's approach and the fast extended Euclidean algorithm.Comment: 11 pages, submitted to EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networkin

    Hamilton cycles in almost distance-hereditary graphs

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    Let GG be a graph on nβ‰₯3n\geq 3 vertices. A graph GG is almost distance-hereditary if each connected induced subgraph HH of GG has the property dH(x,y)≀dG(x,y)+1d_{H}(x,y)\leq d_{G}(x,y)+1 for any pair of vertices x,y∈V(H)x,y\in V(H). A graph GG is called 1-heavy (2-heavy) if at least one (two) of the end vertices of each induced subgraph of GG isomorphic to K1,3K_{1,3} (a claw) has (have) degree at least n/2n/2, and called claw-heavy if each claw of GG has a pair of end vertices with degree sum at least nn. Thus every 2-heavy graph is claw-heavy. In this paper we prove the following two results: (1) Every 2-connected, claw-heavy and almost distance-hereditary graph is Hamiltonian. (2) Every 3-connected, 1-heavy and almost distance-hereditary graph is Hamiltonian. In particular, the first result improves a previous theorem of Feng and Guo. Both results are sharp in some sense.Comment: 14 pages; 1 figure; a new theorem is adde

    A note on nowhere-zero 3-flow and Z_3-connectivity

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    There are many major open problems in integer flow theory, such as Tutte's 3-flow conjecture that every 4-edge-connected graph admits a nowhere-zero 3-flow, Jaeger et al.'s conjecture that every 5-edge-connected graph is Z3Z_3-connected and Kochol's conjecture that every bridgeless graph with at most three 3-edge-cuts admits a nowhere-zero 3-flow (an equivalent version of 3-flow conjecture). Thomassen proved that every 8-edge-connected graph is Z3Z_3-connected and therefore admits a nowhere-zero 3-flow. Furthermore, Lovaˊ\acute{a}sz, Thomassen, Wu and Zhang improved Thomassen's result to 6-edge-connected graphs. In this paper, we prove that: (1) Every 4-edge-connected graph with at most seven 5-edge-cuts admits a nowhere-zero 3-flow. (2) Every bridgeless graph containing no 5-edge-cuts but at most three 3-edge-cuts admits a nowhere-zero 3-flow. (3) Every 5-edge-connected graph with at most five 5-edge-cuts is Z3Z_3-connected. Our main theorems are partial results to Tutte's 3-flow conjecture, Kochol's conjecture and Jaeger et al.'s conjecture, respectively.Comment: 10 pages. Typos correcte

    On Nash Dynamics of Matching Market Equilibria

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    In this paper, we study the Nash dynamics of strategic interplays of n buyers in a matching market setup by a seller, the market maker. Taking the standard market equilibrium approach, upon receiving submitted bid vectors from the buyers, the market maker will decide on a price vector to clear the market in such a way that each buyer is allocated an item for which he desires the most (a.k.a., a market equilibrium solution). While such equilibrium outcomes are not unique, the market maker chooses one (maxeq) that optimizes its own objective --- revenue maximization. The buyers in turn change bids to their best interests in order to obtain higher utilities in the next round's market equilibrium solution. This is an (n+1)-person game where buyers place strategic bids to gain the most from the market maker's equilibrium mechanism. The incentives of buyers in deciding their bids and the market maker's choice of using the maxeq mechanism create a wave of Nash dynamics involved in the market. We characterize Nash equilibria in the dynamics in terms of the relationship between maxeq and mineq (i.e., minimum revenue equilibrium), and develop convergence results for Nash dynamics from the maxeq policy to a mineq solution, resulting an outcome equivalent to the truthful VCG mechanism. Our results imply revenue equivalence between maxeq and mineq, and address the question that why short-term revenue maximization is a poor long run strategy, in a deterministic and dynamic setting
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