1,778 research outputs found

    Combination and Standar Model Scalar Boson Properties in CMS

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    Combination results of the recently discovered boson are presented using data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.1 \invfb at 7 TeV and up to 12.2 \invfb at 8 TeV of proton-proton collisions collected with CMS experiment at LHC. The significance of the new boson is 6.9 σ\sigma with mass measured to be 125.8 ±\pm 0.4 (stat) ±\pm 0.4 (syst). The event yields obtained by the different analyses targeting specific decay modes and production mechanisms are consistent with those predicted for the stand model (SM) Higgs boson. The best-fit signal strength for all channels combined, expressed in units of the SM Higgs boson cross section, is 0.88 ±\pm 0.21 at the measured mass. The consistency of the couplins of the observed boson with those expected for the SM Higgs boson is tested in various ways, and no significant deviations are found. Results on the test of different spin-parity hypotheses of the observed boson are also shown, but with updated data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of 5.1 \invfb at 7 TeV and 19.6 \invfb at 8 TeV in two channels H →\rightarrow WW → 2ℓ2Îœ\rightarrow~2\ell2\nu and H →\rightarrow ZZ → 4ℓ\rightarrow~4\ell separately. Under the assumption that the observed boson has spin 0 and positive parity, the pure scalar hypothesis is found to be consistent with the observed boson when compared to other tested spin-parity hypotheses. The data in the H →\rightarrow ZZ → 4ℓ\rightarrow~4\ell channel disfavor the pseudo-scalar hypothesis 0−0^- with a CLs value of 0.16%, disfavor the pure spin-2 hypothesis of a narrow resonance with the minimal couplings to the vector bosons with a CLs value of 1.5%, and disfavor the pure spin-1 hypothesis with even smaller CLs value.Comment: 11 pages, 11 figures, proceedings of the talk given in the Rencontres de Moriond Electroweak Interactions and Unified theories 201

    The role of interference in unraveling the ZZ-couplings of the newly discovered boson at the LHC

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    We present a general procedure for measuring the tensor structure of the coupling of the scalar Higgs-like boson recently discovered at the LHC to two Z bosons, including the effects of interference among different operators. To motivate our concern with this interference, we explore the parameter space of the couplings in the effective theory describing these interactions and illustrate the effects of interference on the differential dilepton mass distributions. Kinematic discriminants for performing coupling measurements that utilize the effects of interference are developed and described. We present projections for the sensitivity of coupling measurements that use these discriminants in future LHC operation in a variety of physics scenarios.Comment: 29 pages, 9 Figure

    Precision studies of the Higgs boson decay channel H -> ZZ -> 4l with MEKD

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    The importance of the H -> ZZ -> 4l "golden" channel was shown by its major role in the discovery, by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations, of a Higgs-like boson with mass near 125 GeV. We analyze the discrimination power of the matrix element method both for separating the signal from the irreducible ZZ background and for distinguishing various spin and parity hypotheses describing a signal in this channel. We show that the proper treatment of interference effects associated with permutations of identical leptons in the four electron and four muon final states plays an important role in achieving the best sensitivity in measuring the properties of the newly discovered boson. We provide a code, MEKD, that calculates kinematic discriminants based on the full leading order matrix elements and which will aid experimentalists and phenomenologists in their continuing studies of the H -> ZZ -> 4l channel.Comment: Major revision: added new sections discussing spin/ parity determination and the importance of using the full matrix element for the same flavor final state (involving both pairings of the leptons). Also added new functionality, including the most general couplings of a spin-0 or spin-2 boson to gluons and Zs, to the publicly-available code, MEKD, presented in this paper. 43 pages, 15 figure

    Efficiency of Finding Muon Track Trigger Primitives in CMS Cathode Strip Chambers

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    In the CMS Experiment, muon detection in the forward direction is accomplished by cathode strip chambers~(CSC). These detectors identify muons, provide a fast muon trigger, and give a precise measurement of the muon trajectory. There are 468 six-plane CSCs in the system. The efficiency of finding muon trigger primitives (muon track segments) was studied using~36 CMS CSCs and cosmic ray muons during the Magnet Test and Cosmic Challenge~(MTCC) exercise conducted by the~CMS experiment in~2006. In contrast to earlier studies that used muon beams to illuminate a very small chamber area (< ⁣0.01< \! 0.01~m2^2), results presented in this paper were obtained by many installed CSCs operating {\em in situ} over an area of ≈ ⁣23\approx \! 23~m2^2 as a part of the~CMS experiment. The efficiency of finding 2-dimensional trigger primitives within 6-layer chambers was found to be~99.93±0.03%99.93 \pm 0.03\%. These segments, found by the CSC electronics within 800800~ns after the passing of a muon through the chambers, are the input information for the Level-1 muon trigger and, also, are a necessary condition for chambers to be read out by the Data Acquisition System

    Measurement of differential cross sections for top quark pair production using the lepton plus jets final state in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV

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    National Science Foundation (U.S.

    Identification of heavy-flavour jets with the CMS detector in pp collisions at 13 TeV

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    Many measurements and searches for physics beyond the standard model at the LHC rely on the efficient identification of heavy-flavour jets, i.e. jets originating from bottom or charm quarks. In this paper, the discriminating variables and the algorithms used for heavy-flavour jet identification during the first years of operation of the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, are presented. Heavy-flavour jet identification algorithms have been improved compared to those used previously at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV. For jets with transverse momenta in the range expected in simulated tt‟\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}} events, these new developments result in an efficiency of 68% for the correct identification of a b jet for a probability of 1% of misidentifying a light-flavour jet. The improvement in relative efficiency at this misidentification probability is about 15%, compared to previous CMS algorithms. In addition, for the first time algorithms have been developed to identify jets containing two b hadrons in Lorentz-boosted event topologies, as well as to tag c jets. The large data sample recorded in 2016 at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV has also allowed the development of new methods to measure the efficiency and misidentification probability of heavy-flavour jet identification algorithms. The heavy-flavour jet identification efficiency is measured with a precision of a few per cent at moderate jet transverse momenta (between 30 and 300 GeV) and about 5% at the highest jet transverse momenta (between 500 and 1000 GeV)

    Particle-flow reconstruction and global event description with the CMS detector

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    The CMS apparatus was identified, a few years before the start of the LHC operation at CERN, to feature properties well suited to particle-flow (PF) reconstruction: a highly-segmented tracker, a fine-grained electromagnetic calorimeter, a hermetic hadron calorimeter, a strong magnetic field, and an excellent muon spectrometer. A fully-fledged PF reconstruction algorithm tuned to the CMS detector was therefore developed and has been consistently used in physics analyses for the first time at a hadron collider. For each collision, the comprehensive list of final-state particles identified and reconstructed by the algorithm provides a global event description that leads to unprecedented CMS performance for jet and hadronic tau decay reconstruction, missing transverse momentum determination, and electron and muon identification. This approach also allows particles from pileup interactions to be identified and enables efficient pileup mitigation methods. The data collected by CMS at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV show excellent agreement with the simulation and confirm the superior PF performance at least up to an average of 20 pileup interactions

    Search for heavy resonances decaying to a top quark and a bottom quark in the lepton+jets final state in proton–proton collisions at 13 TeV

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    info:eu-repo/semantics/publishe

    Evidence for the Higgs boson decay to a bottom quark–antiquark pair

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    info:eu-repo/semantics/publishe

    Pseudorapidity and transverse momentum dependence of flow harmonics in pPb and PbPb collisions

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    info:eu-repo/semantics/publishe
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